[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To test the hypothesis that a combination of PP13, PAPP-A and first-trimester uterine artery Doppler would improve the prediction of pre-eclampsia.
This is a prospective cohort study of pregnant women followed from the first-trimester to delivery. PP13 and PAPP-A were determined by immunoassay of maternal serum at 11-14 weeks', when uterine artery Doppler measurements were assessed. Cases identified with any form of pre-eclampsia were compared with a control group without pre-eclampsia. The sensitivity of each marker or their combinations in predicting pre-eclampsia for different fixed false positive rates was calculated from the ROC curves.
Forty two women were diagnosed with pre-eclampsia and 410 women with pregnancies not complicated by pre-eclampsia were used as controls. For a fixed false positive rate (FPR) of 20%, PP13, PAPP-A and mean uterine artery pulsatility index identified 49%, 58% and 62% respectively, of women who developed any form of pre-eclampsia. PP13 was best in predicting early onset pre-eclampsia with a sensitivity of 79% at a 20% FPR. Combinations of the three first-trimester assessments did not improve the prediction of pre-eclampsia in later pregnancy.
First-trimester PP13, PAPP-A and uterine artery PI are reasonable, individual predictors of women at risk to develop pre-eclampsia. Combinations of these assessments do not further improve the prediction of pre-eclampsia.