We describe a foetus with an interstitial deletion of 1q detected in amniotic fluid cells and we review the literature of similar pre- and postnatal cases, in order to identify prognostic factors useful for prenatal counselling. Foetal/parents karyotyping and FISH with whole chromosome 1 paint and BAC clone specific for 1q23-32 region were performed. Further 100 Kb resolution array-CGH analysis was executed after pregnancy termination on DNA extracted from foetal skin fibroblasts. Cytogenetic analyses revealed a de novo interstitial deletion involving the long arm of chromosome 1. FISH analysis confirmed that the deletion involves the intermediate 1q31.2 region. Foetal ultrasound (US), performed at 21 weeks of gestation, showed intrauterine growth restriction, shortening of the long bones, echogenic intracardiac focus and mild cerebral ventriculomegaly. Array-CGH localized the deletion in a DNA sequence of about 21 Mb in the 1q24.3-q31.3 region. Our findings, together with available data on patients with 1q deletion, suggest that the most severe phenotypes are not simply associated with larger deletion, and that the results of prenatal US assessment, rather than a fine molecular characterization of the deletion, should be taken into account for prognostic evaluation.
Genetic counseling (Geneva, Switzerland) 01/2011; 22(1):41-8. · 0.54 Impact Factor