ABSTRACT: Synthesis and anti-inflammatory activity of novel diarylheptanoids [5-hydroxy-1-phenyl-7-(pyridin-3-yl)-heptan-3-ones and 1-phenyl-7-(pyridin-3-yl)hept-4-en-3-ones] as inhibitors of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) production is described in the present article. The key reactions involve the formation of a β-hydroxyketone by the reaction of substituted 4-phenyl butan-2-ones with pyridine-3-carboxaldehyde in presence of LDA and the subsequent dehydration of the same to obtain the α,β-unsaturated ketones. Compounds 4i, 5b, 5d, and 5g significantly inhibit lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced TNF-α production from human peripheral blood mononuclear cells in a dose-dependent manner. Of note, the in vitro TNF-α inhibition potential of 5b and 5d is comparable to that of curcumin (a naturally occurring diarylheptanoid). Most importantly, oral administration of 4i, 5b, 5d, and 5g (each at 100 mg/kg) but not curcumin (at 100 mg/kg) significantly inhibits LPS-induced TNF-α production in BALB/c mice. Collectively, our findings indicate that these compounds may have potential therapeutic implications for TNF-α-mediated auto-immune/inflammatory disorders.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters 06/2011; 21(12):3784-7. · 2.65 Impact Factor