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ABSTRACT: Morniga G is a plant lectin selective for high density of tumor-associated carbohydrate T and Tn antigens on the surface of cells. The interaction of the protein with Tn induces its cell penetration. This property was used for targeting photosensitizers (consisting of the porphyrins TrMPyP and TPPS, the Al(III)-phthalocyanin AlPcS(4), and the chlorin e6) against leukemic Jurkat T cells after covalent coupling to the protein. The control of MornigaG/photosensitizer loading allowed the comparison of the toxicity of the different photosensitizer conjugates. Conjugate including a single AlPcS(4) per protein appeared promising, since it is poorly toxic when irradiated under white light, while it shows a strong phototoxicity (LD(50) = 4 nM) when irradiated in the therapeutic window, it preferentially kills cancerous lymphocytes, and the sugar binding specificity of the lectin part of the molecule remains unaltered.
Bioconjugate Chemistry 06/2011; 22(7):1337-44. · 4.82 Impact Factor