ABSTRACT: Deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) is a form of endometriosis in which the lesion penetrates for more than 5 mm under the peritoneal surface. It is a chronic disease which can impair women's sexual function. There is a growing body of evidence supporting combined surgical/medical treatment in the management of DIE.
The aims of this article are to evaluate the impact of the laparoscopic full excision of endometriosis and postoperative combined oral contraceptives (COC) administration on sexual function in patients with DIE and to compare sexual function outcomes of women submitted to intestinal resection and nodule excision.
It is a prospective cohort study in a tertiary care university hospital on 106 sexually active women, with histologically confirmed DIE, managed by laparoscopy and subsequent COC therapy for 6 months. Patients filled preoperatively and 6-month postoperatively a quality of sexual life questionnaire, the Sexual Health Outcomes in Women Questionnaire (SHOW-Q) and they ranked their symptom intensity using a 10-point visual analogue scale (VAS).
Sexual function was measured through the SHOW-Q scores and pain symptoms through VAS scores. Intraoperative details, type of intervention and perioperative complications were noted.
Six months after surgery and postoperative COC treatment, a significant improvement was observed in the SHOW-Q domains of pelvic problem interference, sexual satisfaction and desire (P<0.05). Laparoscopic management of DIE did not change significantly the orgasm area of the sexual functioning (P=0.7). No significant difference was found in SHOW-Q scores between patients submitted to intestinal resection and patients submitted to intestinal nodule excision (P>0.05).
Sexual desire, satisfaction with sex and pelvic problem interference with intercourse are significantly improved after 6 months from laparoscopic excision of DIE combined with postoperative COC therapy. No difference in sexual outcomes was detected between patients submitted to intestinal resection and nodule excision.
Journal of Sexual Medicine 03/2012; 9(3):770-8. · 3.55 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) can affect importantly patients' quality of life (QOL). The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of the laparoscopic management of DIE on QOL after six months from treatment.
It is a prospective cohort study. In a tertiary care university hospital, between April 2008 and December 2009, 100 patients underwent laparoscopic management of DIE and completed preoperatively and 6-months postoperatively a QOL questionnaire, the short form 36 (SF-36).Quality of life was measured through the SF-36 scores. Intra-operative details of disease site, number of lesions, type of intervention, period of hospital stay and peri-operative complications were noted.
Six months postoperatively all the women had a significant improvement in every scale of the SF-36 (p < 0,0005). Among patients with intestinal DIE, significant differences in postoperative scores of SF-36 were not detected between patients submitted to nodule shaving and segmental resection (p > 0.05). There was no significant difference in the SF-36 scores at 6 months from surgery between patients who received postoperative medical treatment and patients who did not (p > 0.05).
Laparoscopic excision of DIE lesions significantly improves general health and psycho-emotional status at six months from surgery without differences between patients submitted to intestinal segmental resection or intestinal nodule shaving.
Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 11/2011; 9:98. · 2.11 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Purpose: To present a case of primary mixed (clear cell and endometrioid type) adenocarcinoma of the rectovaginal septum, probably arising from endometriosis and associated with a highly differentiated, early-stage endometrioid endometrial carcinoma. The case was managed by a minimally invasive approach and postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy. Results: The patient underwent clinical/instrumental follow-up and a second-look laparoscopy after the primary surgery as well as adjuvant chemotherapy. No evidence of disease could be observed after the treatment. Conclusion: Surgery with postoperative chemotherapy can be recommended for the treatment of mixed adenocarcinoma of the rectovaginal septum.
Case Reports in Oncology 08/1970; 4(1):149-154.
ABSTRACT: To estimate the effect of combined oral contraceptives (COCs) in women with deep infiltrating endometriosis.
Retrospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2).
Tertiary care university hospital.
One hundred six women with uncomplicated posterior deep infiltrating endometriosis scheduled to undergo laparoscopic surgery between November 2004 and November 2009.
During the waiting-list time, between surgical scheduling and laparoscopic intervention (preoperative period), 75 patients received cyclic COCs (users), and 31 received no hormone therapy (COC nonusers).
Patients had undergone 2 clinical examinations, at surgical scheduling and immediately before surgery. Presence and intensity of dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, chronic pelvic pain, and dyschezia were evaluated using a 10-point visual analog scale (VAS) (primary outcome). In both examinations, patients underwent transvaginal ultrasonography to evaluate localization and mean diameter of endometriotic nodules. Quality of life was evaluated using the Short Form-36 (SF-36) score. Mean (SD) nodule diameter at the beginning and end of the preoperative period in COC users was, respectively, 24.81 (15.13) mm and 26.66 (15.5) mm (p = .09), and in the nonuser group was, respectively, 23.09 (11.11) mm and 30.89 (19.1) mm (p = .007). In COC users, VAS scores for dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, chronic pelvic pain, and dyschezia did not vary significantly during the preoperative period (p = .90, p = .55, p = .15, and p = .17, respectively). In nonusers, VAS scores for dysmenorrhea and dyspareunia were significantly higher at the second examination than at the first examination (p = .002 and p = .005, respectively), whereas scores for chronic pelvic pain and dyschezia did not vary during the preoperative period (p = .88 and p = .16, respectively). The Short Form-36 total score did not vary significantly during the preoperative period in either the COC user group (p = .82) or the nonusers group (p = .76).
Combined oral contraceptive therapy can have a role in restraining the progression of dysmenorrhea and dyspareunia and the growth of deep endometriotic nodules.
Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology 18(4):470-4. · 1.74 Impact Factor