ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to compare two methods used to measure serum cystatin C (Cys) and their accuracy to predict glomerular filtration rate (GFR).
Three hundred and sixty-seven adult chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients with different functional impairments participated in this study. GFR was determined as the renal clearance of 99mTc-DTPA. Serum concentrations of cystatin C (SCys) were determined with an immunonephelometric method and with an immunoturbidimetric method.
A very high linear correlation was found between the two measurements of SCys (r=0.929). The mean difference of SCysTurb-SCysNeph was 0.02±0.43 mg/L (not significant). A high logarithmic correlation was also found between SCys and GFR (r was 0.919 for SCysNeph and 0.937 for SCysTurb). By means of multiple regression analysis, we developed formulae to predict GFR from SCysNeph, SCysTurb and SCr. For comparison, GFR was predicted using published formulae. A good agreement was found between predicted GFR and measured GFR. The results showed that the accuracy of SCysNeph, SCysTurb and SCr and of the different prediction formulae were quite similar.
The immunoturbidimetric method seems adequate to measure SCys and to predict GFR and its impairment in CKD, at least similar to the immunonephelometric method. The accuracy of SCys and of derived formulae was not higher than that of SCr and SCr-based formulae.
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 03/2012; 27(7):2826-38. · 3.40 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Albumin is the most important antioxidant substance in plasma and performs many physiological functions. Furthermore, albumin is the major carrier of endogenous molecules and exogenous ligands. This paper reviews the importance of post-translational modifications of albumin and fragments thereof in patients with renal disease. First, current views and controversies on renal handling of proteins, mainly albumin, will be discussed. Post-translational modifications, namely the fragmentation of albumin found with proteomic techniques in nephrotic patients, diabetics, and ESRD patients will be presented and discussed. It is reasonable to hypothesize that proteolytic fragmentation of serum albumin is due to a higher susceptibility to proteases, induced by oxidative stress. The clinical relevance of the fragmentation of albumin has not yet been established. These modifications could affect some physiological functions of albumin and have a patho-physiological role in uremic syndrome. Proteomic analysis of serum allows the identification of over-expressed proteins and can detect post-translational modifications of serum proteins, hitherto hidden, using standard laboratory techniques.
Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry 11/2011; 413(3-4):391-5. · 2.54 Impact Factor
Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine 05/2011; 49(8):1385-7. · 2.15 Impact Factor