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Publications (2)20.04 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSEAberrant mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling is common in sarcomas and other malignancies. Drug resistance and toxicities often limit benefits of systemic chemotherapy used to treat metastatic sarcomas. This large randomized placebo-controlled phase III trial evaluated the mTOR inhibitor ridaforolimus to assess maintenance of disease control in advanced sarcomas. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with metastatic soft tissue or bone sarcomas who achieved objective response or stable disease with prior chemotherapy were randomly assigned to receive ridaforolimus 40 mg or placebo once per day for 5 days every week. Primary end point was progression-free survival (PFS); secondary end points included overall survival (OS), best target lesion response, safety, and tolerability.ResultsA total of 711 patients were enrolled, and 702 received blinded study drug. Ridaforolimus treatment led to a modest, although significant, improvement in PFS per independent review compared with placebo (hazard ratio [HR], 0.72; 95% CI, 0.61 to 0.85; P = .001; median PFS, 17.7 v 14.6 weeks). Ridaforolimus induced a mean 1.3% decrease in target lesion size versus a 10.3% increase with placebo (P < .001). Median OS with ridaforolimus was 90.6 weeks versus 85.3 weeks with placebo (HR, 0.93; 95% CI, 0.78 to 1.12; P = .46). Adverse events (AEs) more common with ridaforolimus included stomatitis, infections, fatigue, thrombocytopenia, noninfectious pneumonitis, hyperglycemia, and rash. Grade ≥ 3 AEs were more common with ridaforolimus than placebo (64.1% v 25.6%). CONCLUSION Ridaforolimus delayed tumor progression to a small statistically significant degree in patients with metastatic sarcoma who experienced benefit with prior chemotherapy. Toxicities were observed with ridaforolimus, as expected with mTOR inhibition. These data provide a foundation on which to further improve control of sarcomas.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 05/2013; · 17.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine the dose-limiting toxicities (DLT), maximum tolerated dose (MTD), safety, pharmacokinetics and preliminary activity of TH-302, a hypoxia-activated prodrug, in combination with doxorubicin in patients with advanced soft tissue sarcoma. Patients and TH-302 was administered intravenously on days 1 and 8 and doxorubicin 75 mg/m² on day 1 (2 h after TH-302) of every 3-week cycle. TH-302 starting dose was 240 mg/m² with a classic 3 + 3 dose escalation. Pharmacokinetics were assessed on days 1 and 8 of cycle 1. Tumor assessments were performed after every second cycle. Sixteen patients enrolled. Prophylactic growth factor support was added due to grade 4 neutropenia. The MTD was 300 mg/m². DLTs at 340 mg/m² were neutropenia-associated infection and grade 4 thrombocytopenia. Common adverse events included fatigue, nausea and skin rash. There was no evidence of pharmacokinetic interaction between TH-302 and doxorubicin. Five of 15 (33%) evaluable patients had a partial response by RECIST (Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors) criteria. The hematologic toxicity of doxorubicin is increased when combined with TH-302. This can be mitigated by prophylactic growth factor support. Toxicities were manageable and there was evidence of antitumor activity.
    Oncology 05/2011; 80(1-2):50-6. · 2.17 Impact Factor