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ABSTRACT: Dopamine (DA), as a neurotoxin, can elicit severe Parkinson's disease-like syndrome by elevating intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and apoptotic activity. We examined the inhibitory effects of 3α-acetoxyeudesma-1,4(15),11(13)-trien-12,6α-olide (AETO), purified from the leaves of Laurus nobilis L., on DA-induced apoptosis and α-synuclein (α-syn) formation in dopaminergic SH-SY5Y cells. AETO decreased the active form of caspase-3 and the levels of p53, which were accompanied by increased levels of Bcl-2 in a dose-dependent manner. Flow cytometric and Western blot analysis showed that AETO significantly inhibited DA-induced apoptosis along with suppression of intracellular tyrosinase activity, ROS generation, quinoprotein, and α-syn formation (P < 0.01). These results indicate that AETO inhibited DA-induced apoptosis, which is closely related to the suppression of intracellular tyrosinase activity and the formation of α-syn, ROS, and quinoprotein in SH-SY5Y cells.
Neurochemical Research 06/2011; 36(11):1991-2001. · 2.13 Impact Factor