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Publications (6)15.14 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background: Chromosome 19q13.3 has been identified as one of the regions that associate with cancer risk in previous studies. Methods: We systematically examined the 70.772kb region comprising four genes on chromosome 19q13.3 among Chinese using the haplotype-tagging SNP (htSNP) approach and the HapMap platform. The study involved 339 lung cancer cases and 358 non-cancer controls. Two htSNPs (rs1046282 and rs735482) captured most of the common haplotypes of CD3EA and the combined effects of sixteen htSNPs provided high coverage of common haplotypes of ERCC2, PPP1R13L, CD3EAP and ERCC1. Results: Both carriers of variant CC genotype [adjusted OR (95% CI)=1.28 (1.02-1.60), P=0.04] and variant C-allele among >20 years' smokers [OR (95% CI)=2.13 (1.24-3.67), P=0.006] for CD3EAP rs735482 were at increased risk of lung cancer. Four haplotype blocks of strong linkage disequilibrium were identified. The haplotype ERCC2 rs3916874(G) and rs238415(C) [OR (95% CI)=1.26 (1.02-1.57), P=0.03] in block 1 and the haplotype PPP1R13L rs4803817(A), CD3EAP rs1046282(T), rs735482(C), ERCC1 rs3212980(A), rs3212964(G) [OR (95% CI)=3.56 (1.55-8.18), P=0.005] in block 3 were associated with lung cancer risk. MDR (multifactor dimensionality reduction) analysis demonstrated the best significant model of two-attributes containing smoking duration and rs2298881 in ERCC1 (P=0.004-0.005) and suggested that the effects of high-order interactions among smoking duration and ERCC2, PPP1R13, ERCC1 htSNPs could modulate lung cancer risk. Conclusions: HapMap-based study of 19q13.3 identified that genetic variation of CD3EAP and two loci were associated with lung cancer risk and interaction of smoking duration and genetic variants was the strongest predictor of lung cancer risk in a Chinese population.
    Cancer epidemiology. 10/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: The pathogenesis of lung cancer in the never-smokers could possibly be different from the one in smokers. PPP1R13L and CD3EAP on chromosome 19q13.3 are mainly involved in apoptosis and transcription. PPP1R13L and CD3EAP variants may be associated with cancer risk. We addressed the effects of variants/haplotypes of PPP1R13L rs1970764 and CD3EAP rs967591 and rs735482 on susceptibility of lung cancer among nonsmoking Chinese women. A hospital-based case-control study consisted of 79 lung cancer cases and 108 cancer-free controls matched by age (±3 years), gender, ethnicity and lifetime never-smoking. Genotyping and statistical analysis were performed by using the method of ligase detection reaction coupled with polymerase chain reaction (LDR-PCR) and SHEsis program and SPSS software. Presence of variant A-allele for CD3EAP rs967591 was associated with increase lung cancer risk [GA versus GG, OR (95% CI) = 2.53 (1.16-5.48), P = 0.02 and GA + AA versus GG, OR (95% CI) = 2.46 (1.16-5.20), P = 0.02]. Both D' values and r(2) values accorded with maker distances on chromosome 19q13.3. No associations were found for two other individual SNPs and haplotype distributions of three makers in the whole or single. In conclusion, this study suggests that CD3EAP rs967591 variant allele carriers are at increased susceptibility of lung cancer among nonsmoking Chinese women.
    Gene 04/2013; · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: DNA repair proficiency has also been proposed as a potential susceptibility factor for breast cancer. Synonymous polymorphism roles of the DNA repair genes in relation to breast cancer remain largely unknown. Nonsmokers are a good model in which to investigate genetic susceptibility to cancer because they are at low-dose carcinogen exposure. To validate genetic biomarkers of the disease, we explored the effects of the two synonymous polymorphisms [Pro206Pro (rs915927) and Arg156Arg (rs238406)] in the DNA repair genes XRCC1 and ERCC2 at chromosome 19q13.2-3 on breast cancer susceptibility among nonsmoking Chinese. The study recruited 243 patients with breast cancer and 234 cancer-free controls matched to the cases by age (±3years), gender, nonsmoking status and ethnicity. Genotypes were determined using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. No associations were observed between both individual single nucleotide polymorphisms or haplotypes and breast cancer susceptibility. After stratification, no effects were detected for age-dependent effects or menopause status in relation to breast cancer occurrence. No evidence of gene-gene interaction in breast cancer susceptibility was revealed. The two loci were at weak linkage disequilibrium (D' value=0.244, P=0.07). The present data suggest that XRCC1 Pro206Pro and ERCC2 Arg156Arg do not substantially influence breast cancer susceptibility among nonsmoking Chinese.
    Gene 05/2012; 503(1):118-22. · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A genomic region on chromosome 19q13.3 has been associated with cancer susceptibility. A Chinese case-control study including 339 lung cancer cases and 358 controls was conducted using haplotype-tagging SNP (htSNP) approach and HapMap database to evaluate the role of this locus. Four htSNPs (rs6966, rs2070830, rs4802252, and rs4803817) representing 95% of the common variations in PPP1R13L, as well as fourteen htSNPs encompassing ERCC2, PPP1R13L, and ERCC1 on chromosome 19q13.3 were explored. Three haplotype blocks of strong linkage disequilibrium were identified. Overall, no single htSNP or haplotype associations were found for PPP1R13L. Highly significant differential distributions of haplotypes defined by both nine htSNPs covering ERCC2 and PPP1R13L and fourteen htSNPs covering ERCC2, PPP1R13L, and ERCC1 were found (global test P = 8.12e-005 and P = 4.82e-006, respectively). The results indicate that the biologically relevant genetic variation may be located at or near the subregion spanning from ERCC2 inton19 rs1799787 to PPP1R13L intron8 rs2070830.
    Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 04/2012; 53(3):239-45. · 3.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Haplotypes defined by multiple loci may be more precise and useful than genotypes in providing risk estimates for particular cancers. Diplotype is defined as a specific combination of two haplotypes. A Chinese case-control analysis comprising 370 cases and 388 controls was conducted to evaluate the effects of the high-risk diplotype predefined as PPP1R13L rs1970764(AA)-CD3EAP rs967591(GG)-ERCC1 rs11615(AA) among Caucasians and three SNPs alone or other haplotypes combined for lung cancer risk. Both the variant G-allele of PPP1R13L rs1970764 and the variant A-allele of CD3EAP rs967591 were significantly over-represented among cases (P=0.03 and P=0.002, respectively). The variant GG-homozygotes of PPP1R13L rs1970764 had increased risk [GG versus AA: adjusted OR (95% CI)=1.30 (1.04-1.62), P=0.02]. The carriers of variant A-allele of CD3EAP rs967591 also presented increased risk [AA versus GG: adjusted OR (95% CI)=1.40 (1.12-1.75), P=0.004; AG versus GG: adjusted OR (95% CI)=1.47 (1.05-2.07), P=0.03 and AG+AA versus GG: adjusted OR (95% CI)=1.26 (1.07-1.48), P=0.005]. Interaction between CD3EAP rs967591 and smoking duration was observed (P=0.003). Only haplotype 1 (the common haplotype) defined as PPP1R13L rs1970764(G)-CD3EAP rs967591(A)-ERCC1 rs11615(G) showed marginally increased risk [OR (95% CI)=1.38 (1.09-1.75), P=0.009] after Bonferroni correction. The frequency of the high-risk diplotype predefined among Caucasians was 1% in controls and no significant evidence of the diplotype distribution between cases and controls was detected in present study. In conclusion, we found that variant alleles of PPP1R13L rs1970764 and CD3EAP rs967591 may contribute to risk factors of lung cancer, but the high-risk diplotype predefined among Caucasians was rare and the diplotype is unlikely to confer lung cancer risk in a Chinese population.
    Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands) 02/2012; 76(3):286-91. · 3.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: DNA repair genes play a crucial role in carcinogenesis. The paper aims to explore if common variants in ERCC1 are involved in lung cancer susceptibility. A Chinese case-control study included 339 lung cancer cases and 358 controls using five haplotype-tagging SNPs (htSNPs) (rs3212980, rs3212964, rs3212961, rs11615 and rs2298881) from the HapMap database, capturing 95% of the common haplotypic diversity of ERCC1. A combined analysis of eleven htSNPs covering ERCC2 and ERCC1 was performed. No significant association between individual htSNPs and lung cancer susceptibility was observed. There were interactions between rs3212961 and rs2298881and smoking duration (P=0.03 and P=0.01, respectively). Thus, the variant alleles of rs3212961 [OR (95% CI)=1.81(1.03-3.17), P=0.04] and rs2298881 [OR (95% CI)=2.16(1.26-3.70), P=0.005] were associated with risk of lung cancer among long-term smokers (>20 years) but not among never smokers and short-term smokers. No significant associations with lung cancer susceptibility were observed for global or individual haplotypes defined by five htSNPs of ERCC1. A highly differential distribution of haplotypes based on eleven htSNPs covering ERCC2 and ERCC1 were found (global test P=4.3×10(-5)). After Bonferroni correction, haplotypeER2+1-1 [OR (95% CI)=3.63 (1.39-9.47), P=0.005, marginally] and haplotypeER2+1-8 [OR (95% CI)=4.46 (2.03-9.79), P=5.6×10(-5), strongly] were associated with increased risk of lung cancer. The diplotype analysis with haplotypeER2+1-8 was also statistically significant (P<0.001). Haplotype analysis of pathological subtypes revealed that htSNPs of both genes may mainly influence the risk of lung adenocarcinoma. Strong linkage disequilibrium exist in two regions encompassing ERCC2 and ERCC1. These data suggest that common genetic variations in ERCC1 may influence increased risk of smoking-related lung cancer and one of the causative effectors may locate around or within ERCC2.
    Mutation Research/Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis 05/2011; 713(1-2):1-7. · 3.90 Impact Factor