06/2012; 44(3):E1-3. DOI:10.1097/JNN.0b013e3182510672
To investigate the frequency of pseudoprogression of glioblastoma in Chinese patients receiving concomitant chemoradiotherapy and investigate its association with pseudoprogression and tumour molecular marker O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase promoter methylation status.
Case series with internal comparisons.
University teaching hospital, Hong Kong.
Patients with glioblastoma treated with concomitant chemoradiotherapy during April 2005 to June 2010 were reviewed. Magnetic resonance imaging brain scans, pre- and post-concomitant chemoradiotherapy and 3-monthly thereafter were reviewed by an independent neuroradiologist according to Macdonald's criteria. Relevant patient information (clinical condition, performance score, development of new neurological deficits, use of steroids, and survival) was retrieved. For each patient, O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase methylation status was investigated with genomic DNA from formalin-fixed or paraffin-embedded sections of tumour tissues by methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction.
During the study period, 28 primary glioblastoma patients underwent concomitant chemoradiotherapy. The mean age of the patients was 48 (range, 16-71) years. Thirteen patients (13/28, 46%) developed early radiological progression of the tumour after completion of concomitant chemoradiotherapy, of whom five (39%) were subsequently found to have had pseudoprogression. Patients with pseudoprogression showed a trend towards longer survival (22 months in pseudoprogression vs 17 months in all others vs 11 months in those with genuine progression). Among the 27 patients tested for O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase promoter status, 12 (44%) were methylated. Two (2/12, 17%) in the methylated group had pseudoprogression, while three (3/15, 20%) in the unmethylated group had pseudoprogression.
Nearly half of all patients (46%) developed early radiological progression (within 3 months of completing concomitant chemoradiotherapy). Moreover, about one in three of such patients had pseudoprogression. Pseudoprogression is an important clinical condition to be aware of to prevent premature termination of an effective treatment.
Hong Kong medical journal = Xianggang yi xue za zhi / Hong Kong Academy of Medicine 06/2012; 18(3):221-5.
(1) To compare the survival of concomitant chemotherapy and radiotherapy with radiotherapy alone in Chinese patients with primary glioblastoma. (2) To determine the methylation status of O(6)Methylguanine DNA methyltransferase in Chinese primary glioblastoma, and to assess the prognostic value of O(6)Methylguanine DNA methyltransferase methylation status in such patients.
Retrospective correlative analysis.
University teaching hospital, Hong Kong.
Patients diagnosed with histologically proven primary glioblastoma in the period of March 2005 to June 2007 were recruited. Genomic DNA was isolated from formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded sections of glioblastoma tissues. Methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction for O(6)Methylguanine DNA methyltransferase was performed. Patients' information at presentation was collected (age, performance status, steroid use, extent of resection, complications, radiotherapy data, use of chemotherapy). Primary outcome was measured by overall survival while secondary outcome was measured by progression-free survival. Overall and progression-free survivals were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier technique. Outcomes were assessed for groups with and without concomitant chemoradiotherapy and for groups with and without O(6)Methylguanine DNA methyltransferase methylation.
A total of 35 glioblastoma patients were recruited; 27 were male and 8 female. Their mean age was 50 years. In all, 17 received concomitant chemoradiotherapy, and 18 received radiotherapy only. Their median overall survival was 12 (range, 7-17) months and the median progression-free survival was 5 (range, 3-6) months. In the radiotherapy alone group, the median progression-free survival and overall survival was 4 (range, 3-5) months and 6 (range, 2-10) months, respectively. In the concomitant radiochemotherapy group, the median progression-free survival and overall survival was 6 (range, 2-10) months and 13 (range, 8-18) months, respectively. Fifteen (43%) of the tumour samples showed methylation of O(6)Methylguanine DNA methyltransferase. There was a trend towards overall longer survival in the group with methylated tumours compared to those with unmethylated tumours; respective values for median survival (ranges) were 17 (13-21) versus 10 (6-14) months (P=0.105).
Our single-centre results indicated that Chinese glioblastoma patients who had received concomitant chemoradiotherapy showed a trend towards longer overall survival compared to those receiving radiotherapy alone. Approximately 43% of our Chinese glioblastoma samples showed methylation of O(6)Methylguanine DNA methyltransferase. O(6)Methylguanine DNA methyltransferase methylation may be a significant prognostic factor in Chinese glioblastoma patients.
Hong Kong medical journal = Xianggang yi xue za zhi / Hong Kong Academy of Medicine 06/2011; 17(3):184-8.