[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Bilateral spontaneous inter-trochanteric fractures of the proximal femur are rare. We report an unusual case of bilateral intertrochanteric fractures of the proximal femur in a 92 year old lady.
A 92 year old lady presented to us with one week history of pain in both hips and poor mobilisation. There was no history of mechanical fall. The initial plain films of the hips did not show any fractures and the diagnosis was made by MRI scans. She underwent bilateral fixation of the fractures with dynamic hip screws. After a period of rehabilitation she returned to the pre injury mobilisation status.
Bilateral spontaneous intertrochanteric fractures of the hip due to osteoporosis are not that common. These rare fractures are usually associated with major trauma, renal disease, osteoporosis, osteomalacia, long term corticosteroid treatment and epilepsy.
Early diagnosis with high index of suspicion and appropriate investigations are mandatory in the management of these fractures.
International journal of surgery case reports. 03/2014; 5(5):246-248.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to better quantify the role of delayed MRI scans in acute wrist injuries, and to assess the prevalence and distribution of multiple occult injuries of the wrist. A retrospective study was made of all patients who had been referred to the orthopaedic trauma clinic for a possible scaphoid fracture and with normal radiographs over a two year period. There were 110 patients. Patients were initially treated conservatively with a scaphoid cast or a futura splint for two weeks. This was then removed and the wrist examined and further radiographs taken. The patients with normal radiographs who had positive clinical findings for a scaphoid fracture at two weeks or persisting pain at six weeks had an MRI scan. MRI was performed with and without fat saturation sequences. A total of 110 wrists were analysed. Twenty-eight (25.4%) were reported as normal; 24 patients (21.8%) had occult bone fractures. Three (2.7%) had scaphoid fractures diagnosed by MRI scans. There were nine (8.1%) distal radius, two trapezium and five hook of hamate fractures. Bone bruising was seen in 12 (10.9%). Carpal degeneration was seen in ten and a TFC tear was noted in five (4.5%). Other findings were a ganglion in 14 (12.7%) and three (2.7%) had Kienbock's disease. The MRI scan is a useful tool in obtaining a definite diagnosis in acute wrist injuries. Among other findings, an occult scaphoid fracture was diagnosed on MRI in 2.7% of cases in this study. To conclude, in the majority of patients with persisting symptoms after two weeks following a wrist trauma, the cause of symptoms was pathology in other tissues in the wrist including soft tissues, other carpal bones and distal forearm.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Conservative management has been the mainstay of treatment for simple extra-articular distal radius fractures. Several factors, such as quality of definitive casting, have been implicated in the risk of fracture re-displacement during follow-up. Objective assessments of the quality of casting using various indices have been documented in literature, although overall evidence remains scant, and only one study in the literature discusses the use of the three-point index (3-PI) in adults. Currently, no independent study assessing the 3-PI in adults has been documented. This retrospective study aimed to assess the 3-PI in terms of (1) predicting fracture re-displacement and (2) evaluating its practicality in everyday clinical use. We had 54 patients (47 female, 7 female), out of which 35 patients had a 3-PI greater than the suggested cutoff value of 0.8; of these, 22 went on to re-displace. The remaining 19 patients had a 3-PI below the cutoff and 14 went on to re-displace. No statistical significance was found for the 3-PI as a predictor for fracture re-displacement, although inter-observer reliability was high; its impact on clinic times (in calculating the 3-PI) remained low.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine the deep infection rates in patients who underwent a total hip replacement after having had a prior diagnostic steroid injection into the same hip. We identified and reviewed the case notes, relevant radiographs and microbiology reports of all patients who underwent a total hip replacement after a diagnostic steroid hip injection in our unit from 1 January 2007 to 31 April 2009. There were 40 patients. (10 males and 30 females) Their mean age was 68.4 (52-82) years. The mean time interval from the injection to the joint replacement was 6.2 (2-23) months. The mean follow-up was 23.2 (11-37) months. None of the patients in the study group developed a deep infection during this followup period. Diagnostic intra articular steroid and local anaesthetic injection prior to total hip replacement appears to be safe.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The Galeazzi fracture-dislocation was originally described by Sir Astley Cooper in 1822 but was named after Italian surgeon Ricardo Galeazzi in 1934. It is an injury classified as a radial shaft fracture with associated dislocation of the distal radioulnar joint and disruption of the forearm axis joint. The associated distal radioulnar joint injury may be purely ligamentous in nature, tearing the triangular fibrocartilaginous complex, or involve bony tissue (that is, ulnar styloid avulsions) or both. We report this case because of the rare association of posterior dislocation of the elbow along with Galeazzi fracture-dislocation. To the best of our knowledge, this has not been previously reported in the English literature.
A 26-year-old Caucasian man presented to our department after a fall from a motorbike. He sustained a closed, isolated Galeazzi fracture-dislocation of the right forearm and no associated elbow injuries, and this necessitated open reduction and internal fixation of the radius. Post-operative radiographs films were satisfactory. However, clinical and radiological evidence of ipsilateral elbow dislocation was noted at a five-week follow-up, subsequently requiring open reduction of the joint and collateral ligament repair. Our patient was noted to have full elbow and forearm function at three months.
Although the Galeazzi fracture-dislocation has been classically described as involving only the distal radioulnar joint, traumatic forces can be transmitted to the elbow via the interosseous membrane of the forearm. This can lead to instability of the elbow joint. Therefore, we recommend that, in every case of forearm fracture, both elbow and wrist joints be assessed clinically as well as radiologically for subluxation or dislocation.
Journal of Medical Case Reports 12/2011; 5(1):589.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Bilateral quadriceps tendon rupture is not common in the absence of systemic disease. Patients with chronic systemic diseases such as uremia and systemic lupus erythematosus and patients who are being treated with systemic steroids or local steroid injections are more prone to tendon rupture. The tendon can rupture spontaneously or as a result of trauma. We report an unusual case of simultaneous bilateral traumatic quadriceps tendon rupture in a patient with psoriasis who was being treated with topical steroid preparations.
A 57-year-old Caucasian man with a known history of psoriasis, for which he was being treated with topical steroid preparations, presented to our hospital with clinical signs of bilateral quadriceps tendon rupture after he fell while walking down stairs. The diagnosis was confirmed by bilateral ultrasound scans of the thighs. The patient underwent surgery to repair both quadriceps tendons. Post-operatively, the patient was immobilized first in bilateral cylinder casts for six weeks, then in knee braces for the next four weeks. His knees were actively mobilized during physiotherapy.
Bilateral quadriceps tendon rupture is a rare occurrence in patients with psoriasis who are being treated with topical steroids.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to assess the functional outcome of fragility fractures of the ankle treated with a fibular locking nail. A retrospective review of 24 patients with fragility fractures treated with a fibular locking nail from January 2005 to December 2007 was performed. The fibular nail used in our study was Biomet SST (stainless steel taper) small bone locking nail for the fibula. The Olerud and Molander scale was used to assess the functional outcome at the end of 1 year. The domains of the Olerud and Molander scale are pain, stiffness, swelling, stair climbing, running, jumping, squatting, support, and the activities of daily living. The patients were interviewed by telephone or the questionnaire was send by mail. Of the 24 patients, 2 were men and 22 were women. The left side was affected in 15 patients. The age group ranged from 71 to 91 years (average, 79). Of the fractures, 10 were lateral alveolus, 8 were bimalleolar, and 6 were trimalleolar fractures. All the patients were followed up at 6 weeks, 12 weeks, and after 6 months. The average period to fracture union was 8.7 weeks. No wound breakdown or any deep infections developed. The average Olerud and Molander scale score was 57 (range 30 to 65). The use of fibular locking nails to treat these difficult fracture are quite crucial to achieve early mobilization and also to maintain a good fracture position. In our study, the use of fibular nails was a very useful and successful method of treating fragility fractures with a very low risk of complications. It also helps to restore function and results in patient satisfaction.
The Journal of foot and ankle surgery: official publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons 05/2011; 50(5):547-50.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report an unusual case of complete rupture of the flexor pollicis longus tendon following volar locking plating for a distal radius fracture. We believe that the prominence of a distal locking screw head predisposed to the rupture of the tendon. We highlight that correctly attaching the distal locking screws to the plate is essential for obtaining the correct biomechanics of the device and preventing flexor tendon rupture.
European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery 08/2010; 36(4):385-387. · 0.26 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We describe a posterior approach to the elbow joint based on anatomical studies of the blood supply to the triceps muscle, and observation of the musculotendinous insertion of triceps. These studies demonstrated that the triceps muscle is essentially supplied by end arteries. Any distal-proximal anastamoses from the collateral branches of the radial and ulnar arteries, occur at the small vessel level. The insertion of triceps is musculotendinous with an aponeurosis consisting of two laminae, one superficial and one deep, as well as direct muscle insertion into the olecranon. Our approach provides an excellent exposure of the distal humerus without the division of any fibers of triceps preventing any muscle necrosis and scarring. We formally dissect the two laminae of the triceps aponeurosis, and divide the deeper intramuscular aponeurosis 2 cm proximal to the olecranon. At closure, correct tensioning of the intramuscular aponeurosis allows for soft tissue balancing and optimum elbow function. We use this approach for total elbow replacement, open reduction and internal fixation of distal humerus fractures and in the open reduction of displaced supracondylar fractures in children. We have had no cases of a triceps tendon dehiscence in over 400 cases
European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology 10/2009; 19(7):467-472. · 0.18 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of our study is to document the arthroscopic findings in resistant lateral elbow pain. We have reviewed the findings in a consecutive series of 117 elbow arthroscopies performed on patients with lateral elbow pain resistant to conservative treatment. We found established degenerative changes involving articular cartilage in 68 patients (59%). In 60 of these 68 patients (88%) the degenerative changes were confined to the lateral compartment and contrasted with a normal appearance of the articular cartilage of the medial compartment. Primary lateral compartment arthritis is more common than previously thought, it mostly affects a young population and could easily be misdiagnosed as lateral epicondylitis.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The study was carried out to evaluate MRI findings following osteochondral auto-grafting in femoral condyles and talus, and to correlate these with the clinical outcome. Thirty-three patients (20 knees, 13 ankles) were examined 1 to 4 years after operation using MRI, Lysholm Knee Score and Foot and Ankle Osteoarthritis Score. Clinical examination showed pain relief and improved function and MRI images demonstrated graft incorporation. Radiological criteria such as articular step-off, subchondral lamina irregularity, subchondral oedema and inhomogeneity of the graft interface opposed to the host tissue do not correlate statistically with the clinical outcome. MRI is a well-recognised, useful diagnostic tool to assess the articular surface but it has a limited clinical significance in the early post-operative stages after autologous osteochondral transplantation. The long-term prognostic significance of unsatisfying MRI results is unknown.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Soft tissue swellings of the thigh, which become painful and are gradually increasing in size, should always raise the suspicion of a soft tissue tumour. We report a case of a clinically silent chronic granuloma formation, which presented 45 years later as a giant tumour-like lesion. A metallic foreign body implanted following an injury was found as the source of the tissue reaction. This is the longest period of delay to presentation described in the English literature for the clinical manifestation of a granulomatous reaction.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Old undetected shoulder dislocations have been
well documented in literature.2 However compression
of the brachial plexus with shoulder dislocations
is rare. Saab5 and Shears et al.6 have reported
the occurrences of brachial plexus injuries with
shoulder dislocations, but presentation of such a
case with an abnormal posture of neck is unreported.
Stayner et al.7 have shown that the early
diagnosis and treatment of these injuries are mainstays
in preventing further morbidity for ourpatients. In this patient muscular spasm caused by
the dislocated shoulder and the humeral head pressing
onto the brachial plexus could have caused this
abnormal neck posture. Goga et al.1 have shown
that in chronic shoulder dislocations open reduction
is more successful and they had only one successful
closed reduction in their series. This is further
recommended by Rowe and Zarins4 who also had
more favourable results with surgical treatment.
Pasila et al.3 have highlighted that complications
are more in patients above the age of 50, if the
humerus remains dislocated for more than 12 h.
Hence, it is prudent that we do a meticulous radiological
analysis and systematic examination to
avoid such injuries being missed. While reporting
this unusual presentation of an undetected anterior
glenohumeral dislocation, we aim to reinstate the
importance of a proper history, general and radiological
examination. When patients present with
minor trauma, systematic examination is often notgiven necessary importance and if not carried out
properly such injuries can be missed.