[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), being a displeasing intervention, usually entails se.dation. We aimed to compare the effects of hypnosis and midazolam for sedation in TEE.
A prospective single-blinded study conducted on patients scheduled for TEE between April 2011 and July 2011 at a university in Istanbul, Turkey.
A total of 41 patients underwent sedation using midazolam and 45 patients underwent hypnosis. Patients were given the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) test for anxiety and continuous performance test (CPT) for alertness before and after the procedure. The difficulty of probing and the overall procedure rated by the cardiologist and satisfaction scores of the patients were also documented.
Anxiety was found to be less and attention more in the hypnosis group, as revealed by STAI and CPT test scores (P < .05 and P < .001, respectively).
Hypnosis proved to be associated with positive therapeutic outcomes for TEE with regard to alleviation of anxiety and maintenance of vigilance, thus providing more satisfaction compared to sedation with midazolam.
Annals of Saudi medicine 07/2015; 35(1):58-63. DOI:10.5144/0256-4947.2015.58 · 0.49 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) number of thromboembolic events are increased due to hypercoagulupathy and platelet activation. Increases in mean platelet volume (MPV) can lead to platelet activation, this leads to thromboembolic events and can cause acute coronary syndromes. In IBD patients, QT-dispersion and P-wave dispersion are predictors of ventricular arrhythmias and atrial fibrilation; MPV is accepted as a risk factor for acute coronary syndromes, we aimed at evaluating the correlations of these with the duration of disease, its localization and activity.
The study group consisted of 69 IBD (Ulcerative colitis n: 54, Crohn's Disease n: 15) patients and the control group included 38 healthy individuals. Disease activity was evaluated both endoscopically and clinically. Patients with existing cardiac conditions, those using QT prolonging medications and having systemic diseases, anemia and electrolyte imbalances were excluded from the study. QT-dispersion, P-wave dispersion and MPV values of both groups were compared with disease activity, its localization, duration of disease and the antibiotics used.
The P-wave dispersion values of the study group were significantly higher than those of the control group. Duration of the disease was not associated with QT-dispersion, and MPV levels. QT-dispersion, P-wave dispersion, MPV and platelet count levels were similar between the active and in mild ulcerative colitis patients. QT-dispersion levels were similar between IBD patients and the control group. No difference was observed between P-wave dispersion, QT-dispersion and MPV values; with regards to disease duration, disease activity, and localization in the study group (p>0.05).
P-wave dispersion which is accepted as a risk factor for the development of atrial fibirilation was found to be high in our IBD patients. This demonstrates us that the risk of developing atrial fibrillation may be high in patients with IBD. No significant difference was found in the QT-dispersion, and in the MPV values when compared to the control group.
International journal of medical sciences 09/2011; 8(7):540-6. · 2.00 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hypertension is a multifactorial disorder that constitutes a major risk factor for the cardiovascular system. Heterotrimeric G-proteins, which couple receptors for diverse extracellular enzymes or ion channels, are correlated with disease mechanisms. Several studies have demonstrated an association between G protein polymorphisms and essential hypertension in some populations, although contradictive results also exist. In this study, we have investigated the potential role of the C825T, C1429T, and G5177A polymorphisms of the β3 subunit of G-proteins in essential hypertension in a group of Turkish subjects. Genomic DNA from 106 normotensive individuals (117.4 ± 13.1, 75.2 ± 10.5; systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) levels, respectively) and 101 hypertensive subjects (152.3 ± 18.0, 92.5 ± 11.6; SBP and DBP levels, respectively) were studied by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) and direct sequencing methods for these polymorphisms. Allele frequencies of the polymorphisms were consistent with Hardy Weinberg equilibrium, except for the C825T polymorphism (χ(2) = 7.8). The frequencies of the 825T and 1429T variants were higher in hypertensive subjects compared to those of controls. Differences between hypertensives and controls were not statistically significant, though difference was very close to significance for C825T (p = 0.056 and 0.099 for 825T and 1429T, respectively). T allele frequency in overall population showed significant association with hypertension for C825T (0.0134). The prevalence of the 5177A-variant was very low and all subjects carrying it were heterozygotes in both groups.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Congestive hepatomegaly might be the first sign for pulmonary hypertension. Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value obtained with quantitative diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) is affected by liver fibrosis and perfusion. We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of DW-MRI in cooperation with biochemical markers, ultrasonography (US) and echocardiography (TTE) in determining the degree of hepatic congestion secondary to pulmonary hypertension (PHT).
35 patients with PHT and 26 control subjects were included in the study. PHT was diagnosed if pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) was measured above 35 mmHg with TTE. Study group was classified into mild and moderate PHT. DW-MRI was performed with b-factors of 0, 500 and 1000 sec/mm(2). Mean ADC, ADC-II (Average of the ADC values of right lobe anterior and posterior segments), US, TTE and blood biochemical parameters of both groups were compared.
There exists a positive correlation between liver size and the diameters of vena cava inferior, right atrium, right hepatic vein(RHV), mid-hepatic vein(MHV), left hepatic vein(LHV) (p < 0.01). There was a positive correlation between PASP and RHV, MHV, LHV. The patients had lower ejection fractions (p < 0.01) and higher LDH (p < 0.01) and ALP (p < 0.05) levels than the control group. The ADC values of the patients with moderate PASP were higher than those with a mild PASP (p < 0.05). Mean ADC was higher in patients with moderate PHT compared to control group (p = 0.009). There was a positive correlation between PASP and ADC values of right lobe posterior segment of the liver (p < 0.05). The ADC-II and mean ADC values of the patients with moderate PASP were higher than those of the control group (p < 0.01).
Congestion due to moderate PHT might be diagnosed with DW-MRI. As PASP increase; mean ADC and ADC-II values increase.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Coexisting coronary artery disease (CAD) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Clinical evaluation and noninvasive tests have some important limitations for the detection of CAD in patients with PAD. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether urinary albumin excretion (UAE) was a sign of atherosclerotic involvement of coronary arteries in patients with PAD. Our study consisted of 65 consecutive patients (56 men, 9 women, mean age; 59.7+/-7.9 years) with PAD who underwent coronary angiography. Urinary albumin excretion was measured in 24-hour urine samples by immunoprecipitation technique. PAD was defined as the presence of > or =50% stenotic lesions in at least 1 of the iliac, femoral, popliteal, tibialis anterior, tibialis posterior, or peroneal arteries. CAD was defined as > or =25% diameter stenosis in at least 1 coronary artery. Patients without any coronary lesions were accepted as having normal coronaries. Age, sex, distributions of coronary risk factors, and UAE rates were compared between patients with and without CAD. Mean UAE was 17.9+/-15.6 mg/day in the total population. Thirty-seven percent of patients had CAD, and 63% had no coronary lesion. UAE rates were 22.33+/-18.74 and 15.32+/-13.01 mg/day in patients with CAD and those with normal coronary arteries, respectively (p = 0.021). Microalbuminuria was detected in 25% in patients with CAD and 12% in those without coronary artery lesions (p = 0.184). The difference was not statistically significant. The distributions of other risk factors and sex were not different between the 2 groups. These data suggest that in patients with PAD, urinary albumin excretion rates may be used to determine those with a high probability of CAD. Further studies are required to decide whether this noninvasive testing is appropriate in detecting high-risk patients.