ABSTRACT: Intermittent parathyroid hormone (PTH) administration shows an anabolic effect on bone. However, the mechanisms are not fully studied. Recent studies suggest that Wnt signaling is involved in PTH-induced bone formation. The current study was to examine if Wnt/β-catenin pathway is required during PTH-induced osteoblast differentiation. Osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells were treated with human PTH (1-34) (hPTH [1-34]) and expression levels of osteoblast differentiation markers were detected by real-time PCR. RNA levels of β-catenin, Runx2, Osteocalcin, Alkaline phosphatase, and Bone sialoprotein were significantly up-regulated after treatment with 10(-8) M of hPTH (1-34) for 6 h. Alkaline phosphatase activity and protein expression of β-catenin were also increased after 6 days of intermittent treatment with hPTH (1-34) in MC3T3-E1 cells. hPTH (1-34) significantly enhanced Topflash Luciferase activity after 6 h of treatment. More important, PTH-induced Alkaline phosphatase activity was significantly inhibited by knocking down β-catenin expression in cells using siRNA. Real-time RT-PCR results further showed down regulation of Runx2, Osteocalcin, Alkaline phosphatase, Bone sialoprotein gene expression in β-catenin siRNA transfected cells with/without PTH treatment. These results clearly indicate that PTH stimulates Wnt/β-catenin pathway in MC3T3-E1 cells and osteoblast differentiation markers expression was up-regulated by activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling. Our study demonstrated that PTH-induced osteoblast differentiation mainly through activation of Wnt/β-catenin pathway in osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells.
Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 05/2011; 355(1-2):211-6. · 2.06 Impact Factor