Yosuke Mochizuki

Shiga University of Medical Science, Ōtu, Shiga Prefecture, Japan

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Publications (8)12.18 Total impact

  • International journal of clinical and experimental pathology 12/2013; 6(12):3026-8. · 1.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) usually lacks melanocytes within the tumor. A few reports have documented invasive SCC or SCC in situ (intraepithelial neoplasia, IEN) with melanocytic hyperplasia within the tumor, referred to as pigmented SCC, in some organs. However, case series of pigmented SCC or IEN of the esophagus have not yet been reported. This is the first study to analyze the incidence and clinicopathological features of pigmented SCC or IEN of the esophagus. We reviewed 18 surgically-resected and 122 endoscopically-resected esophageal specimens, including 79 cases of IEN. Three cases of pigmented IEN were observed in this series, and all of them were located in the middle to lower third of the esophagus. Two of 3 cases had melanocytosis in the non-neoplastic squamous epithelium around the IEN. The incidence of pigmented IEN was 2.5% of all endoscopically resected specimens and 3.8% of IEN cases. No pigmented invasive SCC was detected in both endoscopically-resected and surgically-resected specimens. The mechanism of pigmentation of esophageal IEN is unknown. However, production of melanocyte chemotactic factors by tumor cells has been demonstrated in pigmented SCC of the oral mucosa. Moreover, two of 3 cases of pigmented IEN in the present series had melanocytosis in the non-neoplastic squamous epithelium, and melanocytosis is thought to be associated with chronic esophagitis, therefore, it has been hypothesized that various stimuli can cause pigmentation in squamous epithelium. Additional studies are needed to clarify the mechanism of pigmentation in squamous IEN of the esophagus.
    International journal of clinical and experimental pathology 09/2013; 6(9):1868-73. · 1.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mycosis fungoides (MF) is the most common type of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma and is characterized clinically by an indolent course with slow progression. MF is limited to the skin with widespread distribution, however, extracutaneous involvement of MF occurs during the advanced stages of the disease. Esophageal involvement of MF is a rare event. In the present study, we describe the first documented case of CD8(+) MF with esophageal involvement that was endoscopically diagnosed antemortem. A 70-year-old male with a 15-year history of MF presented with difficulty in swallowing. Endoscopic examination revealed a tumorous lesion with ulceration in all regions of the esophagus. Esophagus biopsy demonstrated atypical lymphocytic infiltrates with ulceration. Immunohistochemically, these atypical lymphocytes were positive for CD3, CD8 and cytotoxic granules. Therefore, a diagnosis of CD8(+) MF involving the esophagus was made. Extracutaneous involvement of the esophagus in MF is extremely rare and the majority of previously reported cases have been diagnosed postmortem. Only two cases of MF with esophageal involvement endoscopically diagnosed antemortem have been previously reported and this is the first documented case of CD8(+) MF with esophageal involvement diagnosed by this method. Early detection of extracutaneous involvement of MF is important for accurate treatment and endoscopic examination is a useful tool for detection of this pathology.
    Oncology letters 01/2013; 5(1):73-75. DOI:10.3892/ol.2012.973 · 1.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Discrimination of gastric adenomas from adenocarcinomas by conventional endoscopy is difficult. Therefore, we evaluated the usefulness of magnifying endoscopy combined with narrow-band imaging for this differential diagnosis. Forty-nine consecutive gastric lesions were diagnosed as adenomas by conventional endoscopy with forceps biopsy and finally resected by endoscopic submucosal dissection. The findings from magnifying endoscopy with narrow-band imaging were retrospectively classified into five types according to the marginal crypt epithelium and microvascular pattern: Types I and II (clear marginal crypt epithelium combined with regular or unclear microvascular pattern) and Types III, IV, and V (unclear marginal crypt epithelium combined with regular, irregular, or unclear microvascular pattern). Conventional endoscopy showed 39 flat elevated-type lesions (0-IIa) and 10 flat elevated-type lesions with depression (0-IIa+IIc). The patterns on magnifying endoscopy with narrow-band imaging were Type I (n = 8), Type II (n = 8), Type III (n = 2), Type IV (n = 30), and Type V (n = 1). The final histological diagnoses after endoscopic submucosal dissection were adenoma (n = 20), adenocarcinoma in adenoma (n = 22), and adenocarcinoma (n = 7). The cancer-bearing rates were Type I (0%), Type II (0%), Type III (100%), Type IV (89.7%), and Type V (100%). Among the expert endoscopists, intra- and interobserver κ values for each type were 0.85 each, with 92.0% and 88.0% consensus of diagnoses, respectively. Magnifying endoscopy with narrow-band imaging is a powerful tool for diagnosing gastric borderline lesions.
    Journal of gastrointestinal and liver diseases: JGLD 12/2012; 21(4):383-90. · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose Clinical application of narrow band imaging facilitates diagnosis of esophageal neoplasia. However, no previous investigation has been conducted on magnifying endoscopy combined with narrow band imaging in detection of minimal superficial esophageal neoplasia, which is defined as neoplasia <10 mm in diameter. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the usefulness of this combined technique in the differential diagnosis of minimal superficial esophageal neoplasia. Methods Between January 2005 and November 2011, 53 minimal superficial esophageal neoplasias in 40 patients were diagnosed by screening upper gastrointestinal endoscopy with narrow band imaging at our hospital. We investigated findings including brownish dots, brownish epithelium, and demarcation line of minimal superficial esophageal neoplasia diagnosed histopathologically as low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia, high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia, and squamous cell carcinoma. Results Significantly more brownish dots (P < 0.05) and brownish epithelium (P < 0.005) were observed in intraepithelial papillary capillary loops in high-grade neoplasia compared with low-grade neoplasia. When minimal superficial esophageal neoplasia was diagnosed as high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia or squamous cell carcinoma, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were 88.9, 42.9, 44.4, and 88.2 %, respectively, for brownish dots; 94.4, 51.4, 50.0, and 94.7 %, respectively, for brownish epithelium; and 66.7, 62.9, 48.0, and 78.6 %, respectively, for demarcation line. Conclusions The combined technique was useful in the differential diagnosis of minimal superficial esophageal neoplasia.
    Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer 05/2012; 43(4). DOI:10.1007/s12029-012-9395-0 · 0.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The efficacy, safety and clinical outcomes of a combination of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) with subsequent chemoradiation therapy (CRT) for superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinomas (superficial ESCC) remain unclear. We assessed the outcome of the combination of ESD plus CRT for superficial ESCC. Fourteen patients with superficial ESCC invading into the muscularis mucosa or submucosa were treated with ESD plus CRT from 2004 to 2010. En bloc resection of the lesion was successfully performed in all patients. The mean diameter of the lesions was 25 mm (range 10-55). The distribution of the depth of tumor invasion was to the muscularis mucosa in 8 patients, to the upper submucosal third (sm1) in 4 patients and to the middle submucosal third (sm2) in 2 patients. The laterally resected margins and vascular invasion were cancer-negative in all patients, but lymph node involvement was detected in 2 patients. The mean follow-up period after CRT was 45 months (range 19-70). No patients died of esophageal cancer. Recurrence or metastasis of the esophageal cancer was not observed in any of the patients. The combination of ESD plus CRT is effective for superficial ESCC.
    Experimental and therapeutic medicine 11/2011; 2(6):1065-1068. DOI:10.3892/etm.2011.319 · 1.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We hypothesized that the severity of dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis could differ between DSS preparations of the same molecular weight, and that this difference may be affected by the sulfur content. To test this, we used three DSS preparations of similar molecular weights but with different sulfur contents. Three DSS preparations with molecular weights of 40,000 to 50,000 were tested: MP Biomedicals (MP Bio), USB (USB), and The Lab Depot (The Lab). Epithelial cell lines were used to assess the levels of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) in the presence of 2.0% DSS in vitro. Eight-week-old female C57/B6 mice were fed 2.0% DSS in water for 1 week, and then sacrificed to investigate the effects of the DSS preparations in vivo. In vitro experiments using CaCo-2 and CMT-93 cells revealed decreased PARP levels from all DSS preparations. Notably, the PARP level was significantly decreased in CaCo-2 cells treated with DSS from USB as compared to The Lab Mice treated with The Lab DSS had significantly decreased body weight losses on day 7 as compared to mice receiving DSS from MP Bio and USB. This result was supported by their DAI score, colon weight/length ratio, and histological scores. The severity of colitis can differ between similar DSS preparations of the same molecular weight range. This difference in colitogenic properties may be affected by the total sulfur content of each DSS preparation.
    Digestive Diseases and Sciences 09/2011; 57(2):327-34. DOI:10.1007/s10620-011-1881-x · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of a patient with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma who presented with obstruction of the esophagus. On endoscopy, a central ulcerating lesion was found spreading to the anterior wall of the middle esophagus. Four courses of chemoradiation therapy successfully produced a complete response for 3 years. A recurrence occurred which consisted of a morphologically flat lesion that occupied the entire circumference of the esophagus. Endoscopic submucosal dissection removed all lesions en bloc. To prevent a post-procedure mucosal defect of the circumference of the esophagus, biodegradable poly-l-lactic acid monofilaments esophageal stents were placed on the same day. One month later, the patient reported a feeling of obstruction. An endoscopic examination revealed food stuck in the stents, this was removed, and balloon dilatation provided good passage which has been maintained for 7 months.
    Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer 05/2011; 43(2):324-8. DOI:10.1007/s12029-011-9283-z · 0.38 Impact Factor