Takahiro Nishiyama

Ichinomiya Municipal Hospital, Itinomiya, Aichi, Japan

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Publications (3)5.93 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Early relapse is a parameter that affects clinical outcomes in relapsed diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL). The prognostic value of lymphopenia following the completion of first-line therapy and the relationship between lymphopenia and early relapse are unknown. Therefore, we studied the role of absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) on early relapse. We retrospectively analyzed de novo DLBCL patients who were treated with rituximab-containing treatment between 2003 and 2010. The median age at the time of diagnosis of 59 DLBCL patients was 71 years. We identified no association between ALC at diagnosis and ALC following the completion of first-line therapy. Among all patients analyzed, 13 (22%) patients were confirmed to exhibit early relapse. Low ALC following the completion of first-line therapy was significantly associated with early relapse by univariate analysis [hazard ratio (HR) = 4.05; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.11-14.73; P = 0.02] and multivariate analysis (HR = 4.66; 95% CI, 1.24-17.48; P = 0.023). The low ALC group tended to have worse outcomes than the high ALC group with lower rates of progression-free survival (66% and 74%, respectively; P = 0.13) and overall survival (74% and 86%, respectively; P = 0.09), but these differences did not reach statistically. Lymphopenia following the completion of first-line therapy can be used as a marker to predict early relapse.
    Annals of Hematology 08/2011; 91(3):375-82. · 2.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Herpes zoster is the most common infection in patients treated with bortezomib-containing regimens for multiple myeloma. Some clinical trials have reported on the use of acyclovir prophylaxis to decrease the incidence of herpes zoster. However, the appropriate acyclovir dose and duration of prophylaxis remain unclear. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of continuous oral 200 mg/day acyclovir prophylaxis and the secondary objective was to determine the risk factors for developing herpes zoster. We collected medical information from consecutive patients who received bortezomib with or without acyclovir prophylaxis for relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma at our hospital and retrospectively analyzed the efficacy of acyclovir prophylaxis and the parameters for predicting the risk factors for developing herpes zoster. The definition of acyclovir prophylaxis was oral continuous administration of 200 mg of once daily, without cessation, during the entire period of bortezomib treatment. Six of the 33 patients in the study developed herpes zoster during bortezomib treatment. No varicella-zoster virus reactivation was observed in the 19 patients in the acyclovir prophylaxis group. The incidence of herpes zoster was significantly higher in the group that did not receive acyclovir prophylaxis (43%, 6 of 14 patients) than in the group that did (0%, 0 of 19; P = 0.003). The predictive factors for varicella-zoster virus reactivation were male sex (P = 0.035) and the use of acyclovir (P = 0.003). Continuous prophylaxis by oral 200 mg/day acyclovir in multiple myeloma patients receiving bortezomib treatment is effective and sufficient in preventing herpes zoster.
    Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 05/2011; 41(7):876-81. · 1.90 Impact Factor
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    International journal of hematology 04/2011; 93(4):413-4. · 1.17 Impact Factor