[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aptamers are oligonucleotides that are isolated and amplified on the basis of their recognition of a target molecule. In this study, an RNA aptamer isolated and amplified on the basis of its affinity for flavin mononucleotide (FMN) was covalently bound to the inner walls of fused-silica capillaries. This aptamer recognizes the flavin moiety of both FMN and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD). When an attempt was made to evaluate these capillaries according to existing theory, the theory proved to be insufficient. We describe a new method to evaluate capillaries for use in open-tubular capillary electrochromatography (OTCEC) of charged analytes, which combines OTCEC and flow-counterbalanced capillary electrophoresis. This method enabled us to extract k' and evaluate k(CEC) values for these capillaries, and the dependence of these values on Mg(2+) concentration was explored. The k' values for these capillaries ranged from 0.0951 to 0.2530 and from 0.0255 to 0.1118 for FMN and FAD, respectively.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aptamers are oligonucleotides which are isolated in vitro based on their affinity for a target molecule. These molecules hold promise for use in analytical methods which rely on molecular recognition. In this study, we report the immobilization of an RNA aptamer on the inner walls of fused silica capillaries. Due to the small size of these molecules, the resulting surface coverage of these capillaries made them suitable for use in open tubular liquid chromatographic studies. These capillaries also exhibited stability when an organic modifier was added to the mobile phase. These characteristics of aptamers make them desirable over traditional affinity chromatography stationary phases.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Many important analytical methods are based on molecular recognition. Aptamers are oligonucleotides that exhibit molecular recognition; they are capable of specifically binding a target molecule, and have exhibited affinity for several classes of molecules. The use of aptamers as tools in analytical chemistry is on the rise due to the development of the "systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment" (SELEX) procedure. This technique allows high-affinity aptamers to be isolated and amplified when starting from a large pool of oligonucleotide sequences. These molecules have been used in flow cytometry, biosensors, affinity probe electrophoresis, capillary electrochromatography, and affinity chromatography. In this paper, we will discuss applications of aptamers which have led to the development of aptamers as chromatographic stationary phases and applications of these stationary phases; and look towards future work which may benefit from the use of aptamers as stationary phases.