Sonia Zouaoui

French Institute of Health and Medical Research, Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France

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Publications (8)23.24 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Diffuse WHO grade II and III gliomas (DGII/IIIG) are rare tumors, with few specific epidemiological studies. We aimed at describing the geographical distribution of a homogeneous series of histologically confirmed DGII/IIIG, over a four-year period (2006-2009), at a national level. The methodology is based on a multidisciplinary national network already established by the French Brain Tumor DataBase and data collected directly from every neuropathology department. Personal home addresses were collected for confirmed cases. For each region, the incidence of DGII/IIIG was analyzed and standardized on the age and sex distribution of the French population. The number of patients with newly diagnosed, histologically confirmed DGII/IIIG was 4,790. The overall crude rate was 19.4/10(6). To enable international comparisons, standardized rates were calculated as follows: 19.8/10(6), 18.8/10(6) and 16.0/10(6) (reference population, Europe, US and world, respectively). The geographical distribution by region showed significant differences, with higher incidence rates in Northeast and central parts of France. This work is the first studying the geographical distribution of a pure series of DGII/IIIG at a national level. It demonstrates significant heterogeneity in the distribution, and raises the question of the role of environmental and/or genetic risk(s) factor(s) for DGII/IIIG.
    Journal of Neuro-Oncology 08/2014; · 3.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common malignant primary brain tumor. Its incidence continues to increase in the elderly because the older segment of the population is growing faster than any other age group. Most clinical studies exclude elderly patients, and "standards of care" do not exist for GBM patients aged >70 years.We review epidemiology, tumor biology/molecular factors, prognostic factors (clinical, imaging data, therapeutics), and their assessments as well as classic and specific endpoints plus recent and ongoing clinical trials for elderly GBM patients. This work includes perspectives and personal opinions on this topic.Although there are no standards of care for elderly GBM patients, we can hypothesize that (i) Karnofsky performance status (KPS), probably after steroid treatment, is one of the most important clinical factors for determining our oncological strategy; (ii) resection is superior to biopsy, at least in selected patients (depending on location of the tumor and associated comorbidities); (iii) specific schedules of radiotherapy yield a modest but significant improvement; (iv) temozolomide has an acceptable tolerance, even when KPS <70, and could be proposed for methylated elderly GBM patients; and (v) the addition of concomitant temozolomide to radiotherapy has not yet been validated but shows promising results in some studies, yet the optimal schedule of radiotherapy remains to be determined.In the future, specific assessments (geriatric, imaging, biology) and use of new endpoints (quality of life and toxicity measures) will aid clinicians in determining the balance of potential benefits and risks of each oncological strategy.
    Neuro-Oncology 05/2014; · 6.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The incidence of glioblastoma (GBM) has increased in patients aged 70 years or older, and will continue to grow. Elderly GBM patients have been excluded from most clinical trials; furthermore, optimal care management as well as benefit/risk ratio of GBM treatments are still being debated. This study describes oncological patterns of care, prognostic factors, and survival for patients ≥70 years in France. We identified patients over 70 with newly diagnosed and histologically confirmed GBM on data previously published by the French Brain Tumor DataBase. We included 265 patients. Neurological deficits and mental status disorders were the most frequent symptoms. The surgery consisted of resection (RS n = 95) or biopsy (B n = 170); 98 patients did not have subsequent oncological treatment. After surgery, first-line treatment consisted of radiotherapy (RT n = 76), chemotherapy (CT n = 52), and concomitant radiochemotherapy (CRC n = 39). The median age at diagnosis was 76, 74, and 73 years, respectively, for the untreated, B + RT and/or CT, RS ± RT and/or CT groups. Median survival (in days, 95 % CI) with these main strategies, when analyzed according to surgical groups, was: B-CT n = 41, 199[155-280]; B-CRC n = 21, 318[166-480]; B-RT n = 37, 149[130-214]; RS-CT n = 11, 245[211-na]; RS-CRC n = 18, 372[349-593]; RS-RT n = 39, 269[218-343]. This population study for elderly GBM patients is one of the most important in Europe, and could be considered as a historical cohort to compare future treatments. Moreover, we can hypothesize that elderly patients (versus patients <70 years) are undertreated. Karnofsky performance status seems to be the most relevant clinical predictive factor, and RS and CRC have a positive impact on survival for elderly GBM patients in the general population, at least when feasible.
    Neurosurgical Review 02/2014; · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Radiotherapy with concomitant and adjuvant temozolomide (six cycles) is the standard treatment after surgery in glioblastoma patients. Few studies have assessed the impact of additional cycles of temozolomide on survival. We conducted a bi-centric retrospective study comparing survival and toxicity according to the number of cycles of adjuvant temozolomide. Fifty-eight patients were included. All patients received radiotherapy with concomitant temozolomide. Thirty-eight patients received six cycles, while 20 received nine or more (median=14) cycles. The risk of recurrence was significantly higher in the group receiving six cycles compared to the other group. Prolonged treatment improved progression-free survival (p=0.03) and overall survival (p=0.01) in multivariate analysis without a significant increase in toxicity. Prolonged administration of temozolomide seems to improve progression-free and overall survival, without increased toxicity. Prospective studies in larger populations are needed to better-define the population to whom it can be proposed and its optimal duration.
    Anticancer research 08/2013; 33(8):3467-74. · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The most-used prognostic scheme for malignant gliomas included only patients aged 18 to 70 years. The purpose of this study was to develop a prognostic model for patients ≥70 years of age with newly diagnosed glioblastoma. METHODS: A total of 437 patients ≥70 years of age with newly diagnosed glioblastoma, pooled from 2 tertiary academic institutions, was identified for recursive partitioning analysis (RPA). The resulting prognostic model, based on the final pruned RPA tree, was validated using 265 glioblastoma patients ≥70 years of age from a data set independently compiled by a French consortium. RESULTS: RPA produced 9 terminal nodes, which were pruned to 4 prognostic subgroups with markedly different median survivals: subgroup I = patients <75.5 years of age who underwent surgical resection (9.3 months); subgroup II = patients ≥75.5 years of age who underwent surgical resection (6.4 months); subgroup III = patients with Karnofsky performance status of 70 to 100 who underwent biopsy only (4.6 months); and subgroup IV = patients with Karnofsky performance status <70 who underwent biopsy only (2.3 months). Application of this prognostic model to the French cohort also resulted in significantly different (P < .0001) median survivals for subgroups I (8.5 months), II (7.7 months), III (4.3 months), and IV (3.1 months). CONCLUSIONS: This model divides elderly glioblastoma patients into prognostic subgroups that can be easily implemented in both the patient care and the clinical trial settings. This purely clinical prognostic model serves as a backbone for the future incorporation of the increasing number of potential molecular prognostic markers. Cancer 2012. © 2012 American Cancer Society.
    Cancer 04/2012; · 5.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This work aimed at prospectively record all primary central nervous system tumor (PCNST) cases in France, for which histological diagnosis was available. The objectives were to (i) create a national database and network to perform epidemiological studies, (ii) implement clinical and basic research protocols, and (iii) harmonize the health care of patients affected by PCNST. The methodology is based on a multidisciplinary national network already established by the French Brain Tumor DataBase (FBTDB) (Recensement national histologique des tumeurs primitives du système nerveux central [RnhTPSNC]), and the active participation of the Scientific Societies involved in neuro-oncology in France. From 2004 to 2009, 43,929 cases of newly diagnosed and histologically confirmed PCNST have been recorded. Histological diagnoses included gliomas (42,4%), all other neuroepithelial tumors (4,4%), tumors of the meninges (32,3%), nerve sheath tumors (9,2%), lymphomas (3,4%) and others (8,3%). Cryopreservation was reported for 9603 PCNST specimens. Tumor resections were performed in 78% cases, while biopsies accounted for 22%. Median age at diagnosis, sex, percentage of resections and number of cryopreserved tumors were detailed for each histology, according to the WHO classification. Many current applications and perspectives for the FBTDB are illustrated in the discussion. To our knowledge, this work is the first database in Europe, dedicated to PCNST, including clinical, surgical and histological data (with also cryopreservation of the specimens), and which may have major epidemiological, clinical and research implications.
    Neurochirurgie 02/2012; 58(1):4-13. · 0.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background and purposeThis work aimed at prospectively record all primary central nervous system tumor (PCNST) cases in France, for which histological diagnosis was available. The objectives were to (i) create a national database and network to perform epidemiological studies, (ii) implement clinical and basic research protocols, and (iii) harmonize the health care of patients affected by PCNST.Methods The methodology is based on a multidisciplinary national network already established by the French Brain Tumor DataBase (FBTDB) (Recensement national histologique des tumeurs primitives du système nerveux central [RnhTPSNC]), and the active participation of the Scientific Societies involved in neuro-oncology in France.ResultsFrom 2004 to 2009, 43,929 cases of newly diagnosed and histologically confirmed PCNST have been recorded. Histological diagnoses included gliomas (42,4%), all other neuroepithelial tumors (4,4%), tumors of the meninges (32,3%), nerve sheath tumors (9,2%), lymphomas (3,4%) and others (8,3%). Cryopreservation was reported for 9603 PCNST specimens. Tumor resections were performed in 78% cases, while biopsies accounted for 22%. Median age at diagnosis, sex, percentage of resections and number of cryopreserved tumors were detailed for each histology, according to the WHO classification.Discussion/conclusionMany current applications and perspectives for the FBTDB are illustrated in the discussion. To our knowledge, this work is the first database in Europe, dedicated to PCNST, including clinical, surgical and histological data (with also cryopreservation of the specimens), and which may have major epidemiological, clinical and research implications.RésuméObjectifCe travail a pour objectif de recenser de manière prospective l’ensemble des cas de tumeurs primitives du système nerveux central (TPSNC), ayant un diagnostic histologique, en France. Les buts sont de créer une base de données et un réseau national pour favoriser la mise en place d’études épidémiologiques, biologiques et cliniques, et d’harmoniser la prise en charge des patients atteints de TPSNC.MéthodeLa méthodologie est basée sur l’existence d’un réseau national multidisciplinaire déjà établi par le Recensement national histologique des tumeurs primitives du système nerveux central (RnhTPSNC) (French Brain Tumor DataBase [FBTDB]), et la participation active des sociétés savantes impliquées en neuro-oncologie.RésultatsDe 2004 à 2009, 43 929 cas incidents de TPSNC ayant une confirmation histologique ont été recensés : gliomes (42,4 %), ensemble des autres tumeurs neuroépithéliales (4,4 %), tumeurs des méninges (32,3 %), tumeurs des nerfs intracrâniens et/ou intrarachidiens (9,2 %), lymphomes (3,4 %), et autres (8,3 %). La cryopréservation a été notée pour 9603 cas de TPSNC. Une intervention d’exérèse a été réalisée dans 78 % des cas, et une biopsie dans 22 %. L’âge médian au diagnostic, le sexe, le pourcentage de tumeurs réséquées, et le nombre de cas cryopréservés sont détaillés pour chaque histologie.Discussion/conclusionLes principales applications actuelles et futures du RnhTPSNC sont présentées dans la discussion. À notre connaissance, ce travail constitue la première base de données en Europe, dédiée aux TPSNC, qui recense des données cliniques, chirurgicales et histologiques (incluant la cryopréservation), et ses applications et perspectives sont très nombreuses.
    Neurochirurgie. 02/2012; 58(1):4–13.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This work aimed to prospectively record all primary central nervous system tumor (PCNST) cases in France, for which histological diagnosis is available. The objectives were to (i) create a national registry and a network to perform epidemiological studies; (ii) implement clinical and basic research protocols; and (iii) harmonize the health care of patients affected by PCNST. For 5 years, 25 756 cases of newly diagnosed and histologically confirmed PCNST have been recorded. Histological diagnoses included glioma (48.9%), all other neuroepithelial tumors (5%), meningioma (28.8%), nerve sheath tumors (8.4%), lymphoma (3.2%) and others (5.7%). Cryopreservation was reported for 6018 PCNST specimens. Tumor resections (R) were performed in 78% cases, while biopsies accounted for 22%. Median age (MA), sex, percentage R and number of cryopreserved tumors were detailed for each histology; for example, out of 6053 glioblastomas (MA 63 years, male 59.4%, R 62%, 1611 were cryopreserved), and out of 37 atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors (MA 2 years, male 56.8%, R 94%, 17 were cryopreserved). This database or databank dedicated to PCNST cases contains detailed data on clinical, histological and other characteristics, such as the inclusion of data on cryopreserved specimens that are not available in other European registries. Therefore, this is a valuable resource that can be used for planning future epidemiological and clinical research.
    Brain Pathology 03/2011; 21(6):633-44. · 4.74 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

36 Citations
23.24 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012
    • French Institute of Health and Medical Research
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2011
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Montpellier
      Montpelhièr, Languedoc-Roussillon, France