ABSTRACT: It has been demonstrated that peroxynitrite accompanies acute renal ischemia and contributes to the pathophysiology of renal damage. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the roles of N-acetylcysteine (NAC), a well-known powerful antioxidant, and ebselen (E), a scavenger of peroxynitrite, on renal injury induced by renal ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) of rat kidney.
Forty male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into five groups: sham, renal IRI, renal IRI+NAC, renal IRI+E, and renal IRI+NAC+E. IR injury was induced by 60 min of bilateral renal ischemia followed by 6 h of reperfusion. After reperfusion, kidneys and blood samples were obtained for histopathological and biochemical evaluations.
Renal IR resulted in increased malondialdehyde and nitrite/nitrate levels suggesting increased lipid peroxidation and peroxynitrite production and decreased superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase activities. Both NAC and E alone significantly decreased malondialdehyde and nitrite/nitrate levels and increased superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase activities. Additionally in the renal IRI+NAC+E group, all biochemical results were quite close to those of sham group. Histopathologically, the kidney injury in rats treated with combination of NAC and E was found significantly less than the other groups.
Both NAC and E are able to ameliorate IRI of the kidney by decreasing oxidative and nitrosative stresses and increasing free radical scavenger properties. Additionally, combination of NAC and E prevents kidney damage more than when each drug is used alone, suggesting that scavenging peroxynitrite nearby antioxidant activity is important in preventing renal IRI.
Renal Failure 01/2011; 33(5):512-7. · 0.82 Impact Factor