Monique Cristine de Oliveira

Centro Universitário de Maringá, Maringá, Paraná, Brazil

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Publications (3)5.7 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this work was to determine if mitochondrial dysfunction is involved in the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Using a model of obesity induced by the neonatal treatment of rats with monosodium L-glutamate (MSG), several parameters of liver mitochondrial function and their impact on liver redox status were evaluated. Specifically, fatty acid β-oxidation, oxidative phosphorylation and Ca(2+)-induced mitochondrial permeability transition were assessed in isolated liver mitochondria, and reduced glutathione (GSH), linked thiol contents and the activities of several enzymes involved in the control of redox status were measured in the liver homogenate. Our results demonstrate that liver mitochondria from MSG-obese rats exhibit a higher β-oxidation capacity and an increased capacity for oxidising succinate, without loss in the efficiency of oxidative phosphorylation. Also, liver mitochondria from obese rats were less susceptible to the permeability transition pore (PTP) opening induced by 1.0 μM CaCl(2). Cellular levels of GSH were unaffected in the livers from the MSG-obese rats, whereas reduced linked thiol contents were increased. The activities of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, glutathione reductase and glutathione peroxidase were increased, while catalase activity was unaffected and superoxide dismutase activity was reduced in the livers from the MSG-obese rats. In this model of obesity, liver fat accumulation is not a consequence of mitochondrial dysfunction. The enhanced glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity observed in the livers of MSG-obese rats could be associated with liver fat accumulation and likely plays a central role in the mitochondrial defence against oxidative stress.
    Experimental and Molecular Pathology 07/2011; 91(3):687-94. · 2.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this work was to evaluate if the fat liver accumulation interferes with intracellular calcium fluxes and the liver glycogenolytic response to a calcium-mobilizing α(1)-adrenergic agonist, phenylephrine. The animal model of monosodium L-glutamate (MSG)-induced obesity was used. The adult rats develop obesity and steatosis. Calcium fluxes were evaluated through measuring the (45)Ca(2+) uptake by liver microsomes, inside-out plasma membrane, and mitochondria. In the liver, assessments were performed on the calcium-dependent glycogenolytic response to phenylephrine and the glycogen contents. The Ca(2+) uptake by microsomes and plasma membrane vesicles was reduced in livers from obese rats as a result of reduction in the Ca(2+)-ATPase activities. In addition, the plasma membrane Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase was reduced. All these matched effects could contribute to elevated resting intracellular calcium levels in the hepatocytes. Livers from obese rats, albeit smaller and with similar glycogen contents to those of control rats, released higher amounts of glucose in response to phenylephrine infusion, which corroborates these observations. Mitochondria from obese rats exhibited a higher capacity of retaining calcium, a phenomenon that could be attributed to a minor susceptibility of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore opening.
    Metabolism: clinical and experimental 04/2011; 60(10):1433-41. · 3.10 Impact Factor
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    Monique Cristine de Oliveira, João Paulo Ferreira Schoffen
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    ABSTRACT: Various theories try to explain the biological aging by changing the functions and structure of organic systems and cells. During lifetime, free radicals in the oxidative stress lead to lipid peroxidation of cellular membranes, homeostasis imbalance, chemical residues formation, gene mutations in DNA, dysfunction of certain organelles, and the arise of diseases due to cell death and/or injury. This review describes the action of oxidative stress in the cells aging process, emphasizing the factors such as cellular oxidative damage, its consequences and the main protective measures taken to prevent or delay this process. Tests with antioxidants: vitamins A, E and C, flavonoids, carotenoids and minerals, the practice of caloric restriction and physical exercise, seeking the beneficial effects on human health, increasing longevity, reducing the level of oxidative stress, slowing the cellular senescence and origin of certain diseases, are discussed.
    Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology 12/2010; 53(6):1333-1342. · 0.47 Impact Factor