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ABSTRACT: To describe CSF biomarker profiles in posterior cortical atrophy (PCA), which induces high-order visual deficits often associated with Alzheimer disease (AD) pathology, and relate these findings to clinical and neuropsychological assessment.
This prospective observational study included 22 patients with PCA who underwent CSF biomarker analysis of total tau (t-tau), phosphorylated tau on amino acid 181 (p-tau181), and amyloid β (Aβ(42)). At group level, the CSF profiles of patients with PCA were compared to those of patients with typical AD and patients with other dementia (OD). Individually, the clinical presentation of patients with PCA was correlated to their CSF profile to assess the predictability of clinical features for diagnosis of underlying AD pathology.
At group level, the PCA biomarker profile was not different from that of the AD group, but very different from that of the OD group (p < 0.001). More than 90% of patients with PCA had CSF profiles consistent with AD. All patients with PCA with either isolated higher-order visual deficit (n = 8) or visual deficit associated with memory impairment (n = 11) had CSF profiles consistent with AD. Only one of the 3 patients with PCA with asymmetric motor signs fulfilled biological CSF criteria for AD.
PCA syndrome is usually associated with CSF biomarkers suggestive of AD, as shown by previous neuropathologic studies. This does not apply in case of motor signs suggesting associated corticobasal syndrome. CSF biomarkers help to discriminate AD from non-AD processes associated with this condition.
Neurology 05/2011; 76(21):1782-8. · 8.25 Impact Factor