ABSTRACT: Severe burns remain a life-threatening local and general inflammatory condition often with serious sequelae, despite remarkable progress in their treatment over the past three decades. Cultured epidermal autografts, the first and still most up-to-date cell therapy for burns, plays a key role in that progress, but drawbacks to this need to be reduced by using cultured dermal-epidermal substitutes. This review focuses on what could be, in our view, the next major breakthrough in cell therapy of burns - use of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs). After summarizing current knowledge, including our own clinical experience with MSCs in the pioneering field of cell therapy of radiation-induced burns, we discuss the strong rationale supporting potential interest in MSCs in treatment of thermal burns, including limited but promising pre-clinical and clinical data in wound healing and acute inflammatory conditions other than burns. Practical options for future therapeutic applications of MSCs for burns treatment, are finally considered.
Cell Proliferation 04/2011; 44 Suppl 1:48-54. · 2.52 Impact Factor