Katie McDole

Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Ashburn, Virginia, United States

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Publications (4)37.65 Total impact

  • Katie McDole, Yixian Zheng
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    ABSTRACT: To understand cell fate specification and maintenance during development, it is essential to visualize both lineage markers and cell behaviors in real time using endogenous markers to report cell fate. We have generated a reporter line in which eGFP is fused to the endogenous locus of Cdx2, a transcription factor essential for trophectoderm specification, allowing us to visualize cell fate decisions in the preimplantation mouse embryo. We used two-photon laser scanning microscopy to visualize expression of the endogenous Cdx2 fusion protein and show that Cdx2 undergoes phases of upregulation. Additionally, we show that as late as the 32-cell stage, outer trophectoderm cells may change their fates by migrating inward and losing Cdx2 expression. Furthermore, the tools and techniques we report allow for dual-colored imaging, which will greatly facilitate the study of not only preimplantation development, but later stages of development and tissues where Cdx2 plays an important role. genesis 50:775-782, 2012. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    genesis 07/2012; 50(10):775-82. · 2.58 Impact Factor
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    Youngjo Kim, Katie McDole, Yixian Zheng
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    ABSTRACT: Lamins are the major structural components of the nuclear lamina found in metazoan organisms. Extensive studies using tissue culture cells have shown that lamins are involved in a wide range of basic cell functions. This has led to the prevailing idea that a given animal cell needs at least one lamin protein for its basic proliferation and survival. However, recent studies have shown that lamins are dispensable for the proliferation and survival of mouse embryonic stem cells (ESC). In contrast to a lack of essential functions in ESCs, certain differentiated cells lacking B-type lamins exhibit increased cell cycle exit rates and enhanced senescence. In this Extra View, we discuss how studies using animal models and cell cultures have begun to reveal cell-type specific functions of lamins in tissue building and homeostasis.
    Nucleus (Austin, Texas) 05/2012; 3(3):256-62.
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    ABSTRACT: B-type lamins, the major components of the nuclear lamina, are believed to be essential for cell proliferation and survival. We found that mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs) do not need any lamins for self-renewal and pluripotency. Although genome-wide lamin-B binding profiles correlate with reduced gene expression, such binding is not directly required for gene silencing in ESCs or trophectoderm cells. However, B-type lamins are required for proper organogenesis. Defects in spindle orientation in neural progenitor cells and migration of neurons probably cause brain disorganizations found in lamin-B null mice. Thus, our studies not only disprove several prevailing views of lamin-Bs but also establish a foundation for redefining the function of the nuclear lamina in the context of tissue building and homeostasis.
    Science 11/2011; 334(6063):1706-10. · 31.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The first lineage segregation in the pre-implantation mouse embryo gives rise to cells of the inner cell mass and the trophectoderm. Segregation into these two lineages during the 8-cell to 32-cell stages is accompanied by a significant amount of cell displacement, and as such it has been difficult to accurately track cellular behavior using conventional imaging techniques. Consequently, how cellular behaviors correlate with cell fate choices is still not fully understood. To achieve the high spatial and temporal resolution necessary for tracking individual cell lineages, we utilized two-photon light-scanning microscopy (TPLSM) to visualize and follow every cell in the embryo using fluorescent markers. We found that cells undergoing asymmetric cell fate divisions originate from a unique population of cells that have been previously classified as either outer or inner cells. This imaging technique coupled with a tracking algorithm we developed allows us to show that these cells, which we refer to as intermediate cells, share features of inner cells but exhibit different dynamic behaviors and a tendency to expose their cell surface in the mouse embryo between the fourth and fifth cleavages. We provide an accurate description of the correlation between cell division order and cell fate, and demonstrate that cell cleavage angle is a more accurate indicator of cellular polarity than cell fate. Our studies demonstrate the utility of two-photon imaging in answering questions in the pre-implantation field that have previously been difficult or impossible to address. Our studies provide a framework for the future use of specific markers to track cell fate molecularly and with high accuracy.
    Developmental Biology 07/2011; 355(2):239-49. · 3.87 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

80 Citations
37.65 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012
    • Howard Hughes Medical Institute
      Ashburn, Virginia, United States
  • 2011–2012
    • Johns Hopkins University
      • Department of Biology
      Baltimore, Maryland, United States
    • Carnegie Institution for Science
      • Department of Embryology
      Washington, WV, United States