[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Left ventricular (LV) dysfunction can occur due to chronic right ventricular apical pacing. Upgrading of the pacemaker to biventricular pacing is an option to reverse LV dysfunction but reprogramming of the atrioventricular (AV) timing can also be favourable. In this case report we describe the effect of AV-time reprogramming in a patient with LV function deterioration that emerged two years after implantation of a dual chamber system for sick sinus syndrome. Echocardiographc studies demonstrated a tremendous improvement in LV function during two years follow-up whereas the percentage of right ventricular pacing diminished dramatically. Careful analysis of the cause of LV deterioration can avoid unnecessary upgrading to biventricular pacing. (Neth Heart J 2010;18:604-5.).
Netherlands heart journal: monthly journal of the Netherlands Society of Cardiology and the Netherlands Heart Foundation 12/2010; 18(12):604-5. · 1.41 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Biomarkers are gaining increasing interest to predict risk but also to aid in diagnostics. Tissue-specific biomarkers are of utmost importance to detect diseases of respective organs. As of yet there are no atriumspecific biomarkers for risk stratification of atrial disease, such as atrial fibrillation. Bioinformatics such as mRNA microarrays can help to detect tissue-enriched and possibly tissue-specific expressed genes that can be targets for biomarkers. We describe an approach to identify genes preferably expressed in atrial cardiomyocytes compared with ventricular cardiomyocytes by RNA microarray and confirmed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. By this approach we identified several atrium-enriched genes but also ventricle-enriched genes. As expected atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) mRNA showed higher expression in atrial cardiomyocytes while with adrenergic stimulation expression was almost as high in ventricular as in atrial cells. Brain-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), however, was not different between atrial and ventricular cells giving a possible explanation for increased levels of NT-proBNP in atrial fibrillation patients. Interesting identified candidates are serpine1 and ltbp2 as atrium-enriched genes whereas alpha-adrenergic receptor subtype 1b and S100A1 expression was significantly higher in ventricular cells. The identified genes need to be confirmed in human tissue and might ultimately be tested as potential biomarkers for atrial stress. (Neth Heart J 2010;18:610-4.).
Netherlands heart journal: monthly journal of the Netherlands Society of Cardiology and the Netherlands Heart Foundation 11/2010; 18(12):610-4. · 1.41 Impact Factor