[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aplastic anaemia (AA) is considered as an immune-mediated bone marrow failure syndrome. The mechanism is involved with a variety of immune molecules including interferon-γ (IFN-γ), tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukins (ILs). IL-27 is a novel member of the IL-12 family, which mediates T cell response and enhances the production of IFN-γ. However, little is known about the role of IL-27 in the development of AA. This study investigated the role of IL-27 and its receptor IL-27R in the pathogenesis of AA. Both the mRNA expression of IL-27/IL-27R subunits in the bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNCs) and the levels of IL-27 in the marrow plasma in AA were found to be higher than in controls. Increased IL-27 correlated with the disease severity of AA. Subsequently, we stimulated marrow T lymphocytes with recombinant human (rh)IL-27 and found that rhIL-27 enhanced the production of TNF-α and IFN-γ in both CD4(+) and CD8(+) T lymphocytes from AA patients. We also detected increased TNF-α and IFN-γ in the supernatants of BMMNCs from AA patients after IL-27 stimulation. In conclusion, our data suggest that elevated IL-27 and IL-27-induced TNF-α and IFN-γ overproduction might be involved in the pathogenesis of AA.
British Journal of Haematology 06/2011; 153(6):764-72. · 4.94 Impact Factor