ABSTRACT: We aimed to estimate the societal costs of rotavirus cases among children less than 5 years in Kazakhstan, an upper-middle income country in Central Asia.
Data on medical, non-medical and indirect costs were collected for 190 patients less than 5 years, hospitalized with severe diarrhea in 2009 in two pediatric hospitals. Data on resource use for moderate and mild diarrhea cases were obtained from published sources. A probabilistic sensitivity analysis was performed to explore uncertainty in cost estimates.
Approximately 4,000 severe, 30,700 moderate, and 122,900 mild rotavirus cases were estimated annually in children <5 years old. The mean societal cost of a severe, moderate and mild rotavirus case was estimated at US$ 454, 82, and 21, respectively. The total annual cost of rotavirus disease was $37.53 million or on average $107.36 for a child under 5 years old in Kazakhstan. Ninety-four percent of total costs (35.13 million) are indirect costs (productivity losses) from fatal cases and parents' job absenteeism, while direct medical costs account for 2.04 million (5.4%), and direct non-medical for 0.46 million (1.2%).
Rotavirus-associated diarrhea represents a significant economic burden in Kazakhstan, largely due to indirect costs. The costs of rotavirus infections should be considered when planning further preventive actions, including the introduction of rotavirus vaccination.
Vaccine 05/2011; 29(24):4175-80. · 3.77 Impact Factor