ABSTRACT: Isolated Anaplasma marginale initial bodies were successfully used in a dot ELISA for rapid detection of antibodies to Anaplasma organisms. The enzyme immunoassay used only 25 ng of antigen dotted onto nitrocellulose disks. Antigen-antibody complexes were detected by use of alkaline phosphatase-conjugated protein A, and reactions were read visually after addition of a precipitable, chromogenic substrate. The test allowed the processing of multiple sera, either for screening or for titer determination, in less than 3 hours and was found to be as sensitive as the indirect fluorescent antibody test. The overall performance of the dot ELISA, using isolated A marginale initial bodies, for 580 bovine serum samples was as follows: sensitivity, 93%; specificity, 96%; and predictive value, 95%. Cross-reactivity was not observed with sera positive to Babesia bovis and B bigemina, Trypanosoma vivax, or common bacteria or viruses infecting cattle. The antigen dotted onto nitrocellulose disks was stable when stored at -20, 4, or 25 C. Compared with the indirect fluorescent antibody test, the dot ELISA allowed easier, faster, and more objective interpretation of results. Its simplicity and low cost combined with high sensitivity and specificity indicate that this assay could effectively replace serologic assays currently used for diagnosis of anaplasmosis in cattle.
American Journal of Veterinary Research 11/1990; 51(10):1518-21. · 1.27 Impact Factor