ABSTRACT: Transcription factor GATA-3 is vital for multiple stages of T cell and natural killer (NK) cell development, and yet the factors that directly regulate Gata3 transcription during hematopoiesis are only marginally defined. Here, we show that neither of the Gata3 promoters, previously implicated in its tissue-specific regulation, is alone capable of directing Gata3 transcription in T lymphocytes. In contrast, by surveying large swaths of DNA surrounding the Gata3 locus, we located a cis element that can recapitulate aspects of the Gata3-dependent T cell regulatory program in vivo. This element, located 280 kbp 3' to the structural gene, directs both T cell- and NK cell-specific transcription in vivo but harbors no other tissue activity. This novel, distant element regulates multiple major developmental stages that require GATA-3 activity.
Molecular and cellular biology 03/2011; 31(9):1894-904. · 6.06 Impact Factor