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Publications (4)9.67 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Actinomycin D (Act D), a well known of clinical antitumor drug, has been used for the treatment of some highly malignant tumors, however, the clinical application was limited by its extreme cytotoxicity. In the present study, we reported that methylated actinomycin D (mAct D), a novel actinomycin D analog isolated from Streptomyces sp. KLBMP 2541 in our previous study, could not only exert stronger inhibitory effects on several human cancer cells than Act D in dose- and time-dependent manner at ng concentrations, especially on HepG2 cells, but also lower cytotoxicity in normal cells (HL-7702). Base on these results, HepG2 cells were treated for further study to illustrate the potential mechanism of mAct D. The results of nuclei morphology examination, DNA fragmentation detection, sub-G(1) analysis, annexin V-FITC/PI staining and activation of caspase-3 indicated mAct D significantly induced HepG2 cells apoptosis. Semiquantitative RT-PCR and Western blot analysis revealed that mAct D induced apoptosis in HepG2 cells through mitochondria-dependent pathway by increasing levels of caspase-9, Bax, Bak while decreasing levels of Bcl-2, Bid, and Fas-dependent pathway by increasing levels of Fas, FasL, FADD, and caspase-8. Subsequently, pretreatment with specific inhibitor of caspase-8 Z-LEHD-FMK and caspase-9 Z-LEHD-FMK significantly attenuated caspase-3 activity, the cleavage of caspase-3 and PARP, meanwhile increased the cell viability. In addition, p53 and mitochondrial transcription factor A (mtTFA) were also upregulated. Taken together, ng concentrations mAct D induces the apoptosis of HepG2 through Fas- and mitochondria-mediated pathway and presents a potential novel alternative agent for the treatment of human hepatic carcinoma. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Molecular Carcinogenesis 07/2012; · 4.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a major barrier for chemotherapy of many cancers. Non-ionic surfactants have great potential to reverse the MDR by preventing onset or delay progression of the carcinogenic process. However, the role of Tween-20 in the development of MDR remains unknown. The aim of this study was to explore the reversal effect and potential mechanism of Tween-20 on tumor cells in vitro. Alamar Blue assay was used to examine the reversal index of Tween-20 to vincristine (VCR), doxorubicin (DOX) and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in KBv200, HepG2/R and Bel-7402/5-FU, respectively. Morphological change was determined by Gimsa and Hoechst 33258 staining. The acumulation of DOX was confirmed by spectrofluorimetric assay. Cell cycle analysis was performed using flow cytometry. The mRNA and protein expression levels of MDR were assessed by semiquantitative RT-PCR and dot blot, respectively. The results showed that Tween-20 at concentrations of 0.0025%, 0.005%, 0.01% had little cytotoxicity. When combined with the cancer drugs, it significantly promoted the sensitivity of MDR cells. Fluorescence staining confirmed that the percentage of apoptotic cell increased when combined with Tween-20. This notion was further supported by the observation that Tween-20 treatment potentiated VIN-induced G2/M arrest of the cell cycle. Furthermore, Tween-20 treatment increased significantly intracellular accumulation of DOX. RT-PCR and dot blot revealed that Tween-20 could downregulate the expression of MDR and P-glycoprotein. Low concentrations of Tween-20 can efficiently reverse the multidrug resistance phenotype by enhancing accumulation of the anticancer drugs. The potential mechanism may be via inhibiting the multidrug-resistant gene expression.
    Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie 01/2012; 66(3):187-94. · 2.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the inhibition effect of Ganoderma applanatum extract (GAEAE) on human gastric cancer cell lines and apoptosis mechanism, Alamar Blue assay was used to assess the inhibition and apoptosis-inducing effect of the GAEAE on proliferation of SGC-7901 cells, the DNA ladders of the apoptosis cells was done, the mRNA expression of p53, Bax, Bcl-2 and JNK were analysed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. The levels of the Cyt C and the p53, Bax/Bcl-2, JNK proteins and the caspase-3 activity in the SGC-7901 cells were measured with ELISA kits. Our data showed that the GAEAE markedly inhibited the proliferation of SGC-7901 cells in a dose-dependent manner. The expression of Bcl-2 protein was down-regulated and Bax, c-jun, p53 protein expressions were up-regulated by the GAEAE treatment in SGC-7901 cells. The activity of caspase-3 was markedly increased and the Cty C was markedly released into cytoplasm from the mitochondria after GAEAE action. In conclusion, our results indicated that the GAEAE could enhance the sensitivity of SGC-7901 cells to the c-jun, p53, Bax and Bcl-2 induced apoptosis and provided a promising approach to anti-human gastric cancer therapy with Ganoderma applanatum.
    Cell Biochemistry and Function 04/2011; 29(3):175-82. · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Euphorbia pekinensis Rupr., which is also known as a medicinal plant, produces a large amount of alkaloids, phytosterols and triterpenes. In this study, we reported on the cDNA cloning and characterization of a novel squalene synthase (SQS) from E. pekinensis. Squalene synthase catalyzes the condensation of two molecules of farnesyl diphosphate (FPP) to produce squalene (SQ), the first committed precursor for sterol and triterpene biosynthesis. The full length cDNA named EpSQS (Genbank Accession Number JX509735) contained 1,614 bp with an open reading frame of 1,236 bp encoding a polypeptide of 411 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence of the EpSQS named EpSQS exhibited a high homology with other plant SQSs, and contained a single domain surrounded by helices. Phylogenetic analysis showed that EpSQS belonged to the plant SQS kingdom. Tissue expression analysis revealed that EpSQS expressed strongly in roots, weakly in stems and leaves, implying that EpSQS was a constitutive expression gene. The recombinant protein was expressed in Escherichia coli and detected by SDS-PAGE and western blot. The high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis showed that EpSQS could catalyze the reaction from farnesyl diphosphate (FPP) to squalene.
    Acta Physiologiae Plantarum · 1.31 Impact Factor