Yoshihiko Maehara

Fukuoka University, Hukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan

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Publications (836)2098.78 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Slingshot-1L (SSH1L), a cofilin-phosphatase, plays a role in actin dynamics and cell migration by reactivating cofilin-1. However, the expression of SSH1L in malignant diseases is poorly understood. The overexpression of SSH1L in cancerous tissue compared to the matched surrounding non-cancerous tissues from patients with late stages (III–IV) of PC was detected in 90% (9/10) of cases by western blotting. The expression of SSH1L was shown to be upregulated in tumor cells from 10.7% (11/102) of patients with pancreatic cancer (PC) by immunohistochemistry (IHC). The positive rate of SSH1L in patients with PC at stage VI (TNM) categorized as grade 3 was of 50% (2/4) and 15% (6/40), respectively. Moreover, SSH1L expression was shown to be up-regulated in the PC cell lines (KLM1, PANC-1 and MIAPaCa-2) with high metastatic potential. Loss of SSH1L expression was associated with an increase in the phosphorylation of cofilin-1 at serine-3 and further inhibited cell migration (but not proliferation) in KLM1, PANC-1 and MIAPaCa-2. Actin polymerization inhibitor cytochalasin-D was sufficient to abrogate cell migration of PC without changing SSH1L expression. These results reveal that SSH1L is upregulated in a subset of PCs and that the SSH1L/cofilin-1 signal pathway is associated positively in PC with cell migration. Our study may thus provide potential targets to prevent and/or treat PC invasion and metastasis in patients with SSH1L-positive PC.
    Cancer Letters 05/2015; 360(2). DOI:10.1016/j.canlet.2015.02.015 · 5.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major cause of deaths due to cancer; therefore, research into its etiology is urgently needed. Although it is clear that chronic inflammation is a risk factor for CRC, the details remains uncertain. Serine protease inhibitor Kazal type 1 (SPINK1) is mainly produced in pancreatic acinar cells. However, SPINK1 is expressed in various cancers and in inflammatory states such as colon cancer and inflammatory bowel disease. There are structural similarities between SPINK1 and epidermal growth factor (EGF). Hence, it was hypothesized that SPINK1 functions as a growth factor for tissue repair in inflammatory states, and if prolonged, acts as a promoter for cell proliferation in cancerous tissues. Here, immunohistochemical (IHC) staining for SPINK1 was observed in a high percentage of CRC patient specimens and SPINK1 induced proliferation of human colon cancer cell lines. To clarify its role in colon cancer in vivo, a mouse model exposed to the colon carcinogen azoxymethane (AOM) and nongenotoxic carcinogen dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) revealed that Spink3 (mouse homolog of Spink1) is overexpressed in cancerous tissues. In Spink3 heterozygous mice, tumor multiplicity and tumor volume were significantly decreased compared with wild-type mice. These results suggest that SPINK1/Spink3 stimulates the proliferation of colon cancer cells, and is involved in CRC progression. Evidence suggests that SPINK1 is an important growth factor that connects chronic inflammation and cancer. Copyright © 2015, American Association for Cancer Research.
    Molecular Cancer Research 03/2015; DOI:10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-14-0581 · 4.35 Impact Factor
  • Makoto Iimori, Hiroyuki Kitao, Yoshihiko Maehara
    Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.) 03/2015; DOI:10.1080/15384101.2015.1018051 · 5.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The significance of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NACRT) for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remains controversial with regard to the pathological response and long-term survival. We herein review the current status of and future perspectives regarding NACRT followed by esophagectomy for locally advanced ESCC. Some studies have suggested that a pathological complete response with NACRT is more common in patients with ESCC than in those with adenocarcinoma and that NACRT provided a survival benefit limited to patients with ESCC. However, NACRT may increase the risk of postoperative complications after esophagectomy. It is obvious that a favorable pathological response is the most important factor for obtaining a survival benefit, although no established parameters have been implemented clinically to predict the response to NACRT. Prospective clinical studies and basic research studies to identify predictive biomarkers for the response to NACRT are needed to aid in the development of NACRT treatment strategies for patients with ESCC.
    Surgery Today 03/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00595-015-1144-0 · 1.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1) is a nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+) )-dependent protein deacetylase. In mice, mSirt1 deficiency causes the onset of fatty liver via regulation of the hepatic nutrient metabolism pathway. In this study, we demonstrate SIRT1 expression, activity and NAD(+) regulation using noncancerous liver tissue specimens from hepatocellular carcinoma patients with non-B non-C (NBNC) hepatitis. We find that SIRT1 expression levels were higher in NBNC patients than in healthy donors, while, SIRT1 histone H3K9 deacetylation activity was suppressed in NBNC patients. In the liver of hepatitis patients, decreased NAD(+) amounts and its regulatory enzyme nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase expression levels were observed, and leads to inhibition of SIRT1 activity. SIRT1 expression was associated with HIF1 protein accumulation in both the NBNC liver and liver cancer cell lines. These results may indicate that the NBNC hepatitis liver is exposed to hypoxic conditions. In HepG2 cells, hypoxia induced inflammatory chemokines, such as CXCL10 and MCP-1. These inductions were suppressed by the save of NAD(+) reduction and SIRT1 activator treatment. In conclusion, hepatic SIRT1 activity was repressed in NBNC patients, and normalization of NAD(+) amounts and activation of SIRT1 could improve the inflammatory condition in the liver of NBNC hepatitis patients. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Cancer Science 03/2015; DOI:10.1111/cas.12653 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) activated by transforming growth factor (TGF)-β (lncRNA-ATB) was recently described to promote the invasion-metastasis cascade in hepatocellular carcinoma. The aim of the present study was to clarify the clinicopathological role and prognostic relevance of lncRNA-ATB in colorectal cancer (CRC). lncRNA-ATB expression was evaluated by real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction in 124 patients with CRC. Patients were divided into two groups based on the median lncRNA-ATB expression. High lncRNA-ATB expression was significantly associated with greater tumor size, depth of tumor invasion, lymphatic invasion, vascular invasion, and lymph node metastasis. Patients of the high-lncRNA-ATB expression group had significantly poorer outcomes than those of the low-expression group. Additionally, levels of lncRNA-ATB expression were significantly higher in patients with hematogenous metastases. lncRNA-ATB may be involved in the progression of CRC and be a novel indicator of poor prognosis in patients with CRC. Copyright© 2015 International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. John G. Delinassios), All rights reserved.
    Anticancer research 03/2015; 35(3):1385-8. · 1.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aims of this study were to evaluate the efficacy of repeat hepatectomy (Hx) and salvage living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) for recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). A retrospective cohort study was performed to analyze the surgical results of repeat Hx and salvage LDLT for patients with recurrent HCC within Milan criteria from 1989 to 2012. A total of 159 patients were divided into 2 groups: a repeat Hx group (n=146), and a salvage LDLT group (n=13). Operative results and patient prognoses were compared between the 2 groups. The operative invasiveness, including the operation time (229.1±97.7 vs. 862.9±194.4 min; p<.0001), and blood loss (596.3±764.9 vs. 24690±59014.4g; p<.0001), were significantly higher in the salvage LDLT group. The early surgical results, such as morbidity (31% vs. 62%; p=0.0111) and the duration of hospital stay (20±22 vs. 35±21 days; p=0.0180), were significantly worse in the salvage LDLT group. There was no significant difference in the overall survival (OS) rate, but the disease-free survival rate of the salvage LDLT group was significantly better (p=0.0002). The OS rate of patients with grade B liver damage in the repeat Hx group was significantly worse (p<.0001), and the 5-year OS rate was quite low, i.e., 20% (liver damage A in the repeat Hx group, 77%; and the salvage LDLT group, 75%). The prognosis of patients with grade B liver damage after repeat Hx for recurrent HCC is poor, and salvage LDLT would be one of a potent option for such patients. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. © 2015 American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases.
    Liver Transplantation 03/2015; DOI:10.1002/lt.24111 · 3.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutations or echinoderm microtubule-associated protein-like 4-anaplastic lymphoma kinase (EML4-ALK) rearrangement often have a better prognosis when they are treated with specific inhibitors than when treated with cytotoxic agents. However, the associations between gene mutations and cytotoxic chemosensitivity are still unclear. The objective of the present study was to identify which clinicopathological factors, including genetic mutations, influence chemosensitivity, determined using the succinate dehydrogenase inhibition (SDI) test in patients with NSCLC. The chemosensitivity of tumor tissues from 96 patients with NSCLC who underwent surgical resection was evaluated using the SDI test. In patients with adenocarcinoma, tumors with EGFR gene mutations were significantly more sensitive to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) than tumors without EGFR gene mutations (p<0.0149). Our data suggest that patients with adenocarcinoma harboring EGFR gene mutations may be susceptible to 5-FU. Copyright© 2015 International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. John G. Delinassios), All rights reserved.
    Anticancer research 03/2015; 35(3):1791-6. · 1.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) remains a major complication after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). In this study, we examined whether our new method using surgical loupes at 5.0× magnification and the VIO soft coagulation system (SC) for duct-to-mucosa pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ) can prevent POPF. A retrospective cohort study was performed in 81 consecutive patients who underwent PD and duct-to-mucosa PJ for periampullary tumors by a single surgeon during a recent 5-year period from 2008 to 2012. These patients were divided into two groups according to the nature of the PJ; the conventional group (n=46) and the 5.0× loupes+SC group (n=35). Short-term surgical results including POPF were compared and an independent risk factor for POPF was identified using the stepwise logistic regression analysis in our series. The rate of Grade B/C POPF was significantly decreased in the 5.0× loupes+SC group (2.9%) compared to that of the conventional group (9.9%, p=0.04). The absence of 5.0× loupes+SC for PJ was identified as the independent risk factor for Grade B/C POPF (odds ratio, 5.23; p-value, 0.03). 5.0× surgical loupes+SC for duct-to-mucosa PJ could be used as a novel technique for preventing POPF after PD. Copyright© 2015 International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. John G. Delinassios), All rights reserved.
    Anticancer research 03/2015; 35(3):1691-6. · 1.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Trifluridine (FTD) is a key component of the novel oral antitumor drug TAS-102, which consists of FTD and a thymidine phosphorylase inhibitor. Like 5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine (FdUrd), a deoxynucleoside form of 5-fluorouracil metabolite, FTD is sequentially phosphorylated and not only inhibits thymidylate synthase activity, but is also incorporated into DNA. Although TAS-102 was effective for the treatment of refractory metastatic colorectal cancer in clinical trials, the mechanism of FTD-induced cytotoxicity is not completely understood. Here, we show that FTD as well as FdUrd induce transient phosphorylation of Chk1 at Ser345, and that this is followed by accumulation of p53 and p21 proteins in p53-proficient human cancer cell lines. In particular, FTD induced p53-dependent sustained arrest at G2 phase, which was associated with a proteasome-dependent decrease in the Cyclin B1 protein level and the suppression of CCNB1 and CDK1 gene expression. In addition, a p53-dependent increase in p21 protein was associated with an FTD-induced decrease in Cyclin B1 protein. While numerous single- and double-strand DNA breaks were induced by FdUrd, few DNA strand breaks were detected in FTD-treated HCT-116 cells despite massive FTD misincorporation into genomic DNA, suggesting that the anti-proliferative effect of FTD is not due to the induction of DNA strand breaks. These distinctive effects of FTD provide insights into the cellular mechanism underlying its antitumor effect and may explain the clinical efficacy of TAS-102. Copyright © 2015, American Association for Cancer Research.
    Molecular Cancer Therapeutics 02/2015; DOI:10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-14-0236 · 5.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Many cancer patients suffer from the common side effect of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV). Guidelines recommend a combination of two prophylactic antiemetics for moderately emetogenic chemotherapy (MEC) and three for highly emetogenic chemotherapy (HEC) and certain MEC regimens. Methods This multicenter, prospective, observational study analyzed data for 1,910 patients in Japan scheduled for MEC or HEC. Use of antiemetic prophylaxis in relation to type of chemotherapy, incidences of and risk factors for nausea, vomiting, and acute versus delayed CINV, and estimated incidence of CINV by staff were analyzed using Fisher’s exact test and multivariate logistic regression. The patients recorded the incidence of CINV and severity of nausea by visual analogue scales daily for 7 days after receiving chemotherapy. Results A total of 240 (20.1 %) HEC and 476 MEC patients (66.6 %) received 2 antiemetics, compared with 883 (73.9 %) and 200 (28.0 %), respectively, who received 3 antiemetics. Approximately 74 % of HEC and 95 % of MEC patients received antiemetic therapy in compliance with guidelines. Acute nausea and vomiting were well controlled, but high incidences of delayed nausea occurred in both HEC and MEC patients. Delayed vomiting (p Conclusions Adherence to antiemetic guidelines effectively controls vomiting but is less effective against delayed nausea in HEC and MEC patients. Identification of individual risk factors, such as female sex, will assist in the development of personalized treatments for CINV. More intensive antiemetic therapy or a different modality of prophylaxis should be considered for the control of acute CINV in an anthracycline-cyclophosphamide regimen.
    International Journal of Clinical Oncology 02/2015; DOI:10.1007/s10147-015-0786-7 · 2.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 23-year-old Japanese man presented with a history of sudden-onset right abdominal pain accompanied by nausea and vomiting. Contrast-enhanced CT showed a large cluster on the right side of the retroperitoneum, with most of the small bowel incarcerated. The patient was diagnosed with small bowel obstruction caused by a right paraduodenal hernia, and emergency laparoscopic surgery was performed. The large retroperitoneal cluster on the right side contained almost all segments of the small bowel, although the incarcerated bowel showed no evidence of volvulus or ischemia. The bowel was reduced, and the hernia orifice was closed. The patient made good progress and was discharged 7 days after surgery. We herein report an acute case of right paraduodenal hernia with small bowel obstruction that was successfully treated with emergency laparoscopic surgery. With an early preoperative diagnosis, laparoscopic surgery is appropriate for the treatment of right paraduodenal hernia. © 2015 Japan Society for Endoscopic Surgery, Asia Endosurgery Task Force and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
    Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery 02/2015; 8(1):87-90. DOI:10.1111/ases.12139
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    ABSTRACT: Peripheral sensory neurotoxicity is a frequent adverse effect of oxaliplatin therapy. Calcium and magnesium (Ca/Mg) infusions are frequently used as preventatives, but a recent phase III trial failed to show that they prevent neurotoxicity. We therefore conducted a multicenter randomized phase III trial to compare fluorouracil, leucovorin, and oxaliplatin (mFOLFOX6) with and without Goshajinkigan (GJG), a traditional Japanese herbal medicine (Kampo), to determine GJG's potential for reducing peripheral neuropathy in patients with colorectal cancer. Patients with colon cancer who were undergoing adjuvant therapy with infusional mFOLFOX6 were randomly assigned to GJG (7.5 mg three times daily) or placebo in a double-blind manner. The primary endpoint was the time to grade 2 or greater neuropathy, which was determined at any point during or after oxaliplatin-based therapy using version 3 of the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE). An interim analysis was performed when 142 of the planned 310 patients had been enrolled and the safety assessment committee recommended that the study be discontinued. One hundred eighty-two patients were evaluable for response. They included 89 patients in the GJG group and 93 patients in the placebo group. The incidence of grade 2 or greater neurotoxicity was 50.6 % in the GJG group and 31.2 % in the placebo group. A Cox proportional hazards analysis indicated that the use of GJG was significantly associated with the incidence of neuropathy (hazard ratio, 1.908; p = 0.007). Goshajinkigan did not prevent oxaliplatin-associated peripheral neuropathy in this clinical trial. The clinical study was therefore terminated.
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Although metastases to the lung from other organs are usually removed with limited lung resections (e.g., wedge resections or segmentectomies), pulmonary lobectomies are often required to remove whole pulmonary tumors. This study investigated the clinical applicability of pulmonary lobectomies to treat metastatic lung tumors.Methods: We retrospectively reviewed clinical records of 143 consecutive patients with metastatic tumors in the lung who underwent surgery in our department, including data sets for 100 patients treated for their first metastatic lung tumors.Results: Of the 100 patients, 23 received pulmonary lobectomies, 69 received wedge resections and eight received segmentectomies. Patients in the lobectomy group were more likely to be younger, have larger and/or multiple tumors, and to have tumors of musculoskeletal origin (sarcomas) than those who underwent segmentectomies or wedge resections (the limited resection group). The two groups did not significantly differ in survival (3-year survival rate; lobectomy vs limited resection: 75.2% vs 80.4%, P = 0.15), or post-operative morbidity, although the only post-operative morbidity was associated with post-operative prognosis in the lobectomy group.Conclusions: Pulmonary lobectomy is a safe and applicable surgical procedure for metastatic lung tumors when long survival is expected after the tumor resection.
    Annals of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery: official journal of the Association of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeons of Asia 01/2015; DOI:10.5761/atcs.oa.14-00183 · 0.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The double stapling technique (DST) using a circular stapler (CS) to create an end-to-end anastomosis is currently used widely in laparoscopic-assisted rectal surgery. However, a high rate of anastomotic failure has been reported. Our previous endoscopic experience with anastomosis leakage is that most leakages are generated where the staples are overlapped. Therefore, we used a circular side stapling technique (CST) to reduce anastomotic leakage.Patients and Methods: After excising the rectum at the oral and anal side of the tumor with a linear stapler, a side-to-side colorectal anastomosis was made on the anterior wall of the rectosigmoid colon and the posterior wall of the rectum with a CS. Between 2012 and 2013, we recorded 30 serial cases of rect-sigmoid or rectal cancer that were treated with laparoscopic-assisted surgeries using this method. Results: In the 30 cases, the mean age was 68 ± 12 years, operating time was 288 ± 80 minutes, and blood loss was 66 ± 67 mL. None of the patients suffered from anastomosis leakage or postoperative anastomotic bleeding, and none complained of their stool habits. Conclusion: Based on these results, we propose an alternative method of side-to-side anastomosis for low anterior resection by using a CS to prevent staple overlap. Our experience indicates that the CST is easy and safe. Therefore, this method is a useful alternative to the current method used in laparoscopic surgery.
    International surgery 01/2015; DOI:10.9738/INTSURG-D-14-00202.1 · 0.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tracheobronchial (TB) injury and fistula formation during the perioperative period of esophagectomy is a rare but life-threatening complication. We examined the development of intraoperative TB injury and postoperative TB fistulas in consecutive 763 patients with esophageal cancer who underwent esophagectomy, including 494 patients who underwent transthoracic subtotal esophagectomy. TB injury and fistulas developed in two (0.4 %) and four patients (0.8 %), respectively, who received transthoracic esophagectomy. TB injury developed during the dissection of a tumor invading a major airway. Direct suturing of the laceration and covering it using a muscle flap was effective for one patient, while additional repair with a major pectoral muscle flap was needed in another patient. Postoperative TB fistulas developed due to peri-tracheal infection in two patients, and conservative treatment with drainage was performed. In another two patients, gastro-tracheal fistulas developed due to mechanical compression of staplers on the gastric tube, which was elevated via the posterior mediastinal route. The direct repair of the gastric tube and covering it with a major pectoral muscle flap resulted in the resolution of these fistulas. Careful dissection with direct vision of the esophagus, as well as oversewing of the staplers on the gastric tube, is mandatory for preventing TB injury and fistula formation. Appropriate drainage is effective in cases with peri-tracheal abscesses. If the TB fistula fails to heal within a 4- to 6-week period, conservative management should be abandoned. Direct surgical intervention with coverage by a muscle flap is important for TB fistulas.
    World Journal of Surgery 01/2015; 39(5). DOI:10.1007/s00268-015-2945-4 · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background and AimThe incidence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) recurrence after liver transplantation (LT) has been reduced by prophylaxis with hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG) and nucleoside analogues, but the factors associated with HBV recurrence are unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the risk factors associated with HBV recurrence after the living donor liver transplantation (LDLT).MethodsA retrospective review was performed for 45 patients (28 males and 17 females; median age = 54 years) who underwent LDLT for HBV-related liver disease and were followed-up for at least six months between October 1996 and June 2013. The virological data, tumor burden, antiviral therapy and immunosuppressive therapy were evaluated and compared between the HBV recurrence ad non-recurrence groups.ResultsSeven of the 45 patients (15.6%) developed post-LT HBV recurrence. The median interval between LDLT and HBV recurrence was 23.7 months (0.8-35.9). Three of the seven patients (42.9%) developed recurrence after cessation of HBIG, and three (42.9%) were cases with HCC recurrence after LDLT. The remaining case underwent transplantation from a donor with positive HBsAg. Based on the univariate and multivariate analyses, HBIG cessation (hazard ratio [HR], 20.17; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 2.091–194.593; P = 0.009) and HCC recurrence (HR, 30.835; 95% CI, 3.132-303.593; P = 0.003) were independent risk factors for HBV recurrence after LDLT.Conclusions In LDLT patients, cessation of HBIG and HCC recurrence were risk factors associated with HBV recurrence, so careful monitoring for serological HBV markers is needed in patients with these factors. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Hepatology Research 01/2015; DOI:10.1111/hepr.12489 · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sarcopenia is an independent predictor of mortality and sepsis after living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). However, the exact mechanisms by which sarcopenia affects poor prognosis or worse immunity against postoperative sepsis are unclear, particularly regarding muscular amino acid metabolism, and aimed to identify the role of plasma amino acids in sarcopenia by retrospective study. The area of psoas muscle in 228 recipients of LDLT was retrospectively measured by dynamic computed tomography. Additionally, plasma amino acid levels were measured both pre- and post-operatively. The impact of plasma amino acids for postoperative sepsis and the relationship between sarcopenia and early nutrition after LDLT were analyzed. Among the plasma amino acids, only leucine, isoleucine, and glutamine in patients with sarcopenia were significantly lower than that without sarcopenia (each, P < 0.05). Multivariate analysis identified the lower plasma glutamine levels as a risk factor of postoperative sepsis after LDLT (odds ratio 5.371, P = 0.002). In sarcopenia patients, plasma glutamine levels after LDLT were significantly decreased than before LDLT in patients both with and without postoperative early nutrition. However, in non-sarcopenia patients with early nutrition, plasma glutamine levels after LDLT were comparable to that before LDLT. This is the first report to study the profile of plasma amino acid change before and after LDLT. Low preoperative glutamine values were an independent risk factor for predicting postoperative sepsis. The efficacy of postoperative early nutrition might prevent postoperative sepsis by improving glutamine levels. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Hepatology Research 01/2015; DOI:10.1111/hepr.12484 · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), when epithelial cells convert to mesenchymal cells, influences cancer invasion and metastasis. Smad interacting protein 1 (SIP1) is an EMT trigger, which is inversely correlated with E-cadherin in some carcinomas. To elucidate the role of SIP1 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), the status of EMT and the clinicopathological features were evaluated. Methods Immunohistochemical (IHC) analyses of 111 human ESCC tissue specimens for SIP1 and E-cadherin were performed, and the relationships between the expression and clinicopathological features were evaluated. Results IHC analyses of esophageal tumors showed the expression of SIP1 and E-cadherin to be significantly inversely correlated. Significant correlations between the SIP1 expression and clinicopathological variables such as differentiation, depth of invasion, vascular invasion, and pathological stage were also seen. Conversely, tumors with a weak expression of E-cadherin tended to exhibit greater histological differentiation. Logistic regression analyses revealed a positive SIP1 expression, lymphatic invasion, and vascular invasion to be factors predicting lymph node (LN) metastasis. Univariate survival analyses revealed a positive SIP1 expression predicted a poorer overall survival than a negative expression. Conclusion These results suggest that SIP1 is correlated with LN metastasis and may therefore be an independent marker for metastasis in patients with ESCC.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 01/2015; DOI:10.1245/s10434-014-4314-1 · 3.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A gastrectomy for gastric cancer is sometimes required in patients older than 80 years due to the continuously increasing age of society. However, if a gastrectomy worsens the postoperative quality of life and daily activity in elderly patients because of poor nutrition, the procedure may not always be a useful treatment strategy. Clinicopathological data of patients with gastric cancer who underwent a gastrectomy at our Department between 1998 and 2008 (N=471) were collected and analyzed. The results of treatment for patients older than 80 years (N=41) were analyzed and compared against those of patients younger than 80 years (N=430). Patients older than 80 years had a higher frequency of preoperative co-morbidities than patients younger than 80 years. However, there was no statistical difference in postoperative complications regarding nutrition between the two groups. Older age is not a determinant of poor nutrition following gastrectomy. Gastrectomy for gastric cancer is, therefore, a useful treatment strategy, regardless of ageing. Copyright© 2015 International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. John G. Delinassios), All rights reserved.
    Anticancer research 01/2015; 35(1):511-5. · 1.87 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

8k Citations
2,098.78 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2011–2015
    • Fukuoka University
      Hukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan
  • 1987–2015
    • Kyushu University
      • • Department of Surgery and Science
      • • Division of Surgery
      • • Kyushu University Dental Hospital
      Hukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan
  • 2008–2014
    • National Hospital Organization Beppu Medical Center
      Бэппу, Ōita, Japan
  • 2013
    • Tagawa Municipal Hospital
      Takawa, Fukuoka, Japan
    • Yamaguchi University
      Yamaguti, Yamaguchi, Japan
  • 2012–2013
    • Kokura Memorial Hospital
      Kitakyūshū, Fukuoka, Japan
    • The University of Tokyo
      • Department of Gastroenterology
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2008–2012
    • Japanese Red Cross
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2002–2010
    • National Hospital Organization Kyushu Cancer Center
      Hukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan
    • Saga-Ken Medical Centre Koseikan
      Kanzaki, Saga, Japan
  • 2009
    • IIzuka Hospital
      Иидзука, Fukuoka, Japan
  • 2005–2008
    • Gunma University
      • Department of General Surgical Science
      Maebashi, Gunma, Japan
    • University of Occupational and Environmental Health
      • School of Medicine
      Kitakyūshū, Fukuoka-ken, Japan
  • 2007
    • The University of Tokushima
      • Department of Surgery
      Tokusima, Tokushima, Japan
  • 2004–2007
    • Kyushu Medical Center
      Hukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan
  • 2002–2007
    • Fukuoka Dental College
      • • Department of Medicine
      • • Department of General Surgery
      • • Department of Surgery
      Hukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan
  • 2006
    • Matsuyama Red Cross Hospital
      Matuyama, Ehime, Japan
  • 1996
    • Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
      • Department of Radiation Oncology
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States