[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The infiltration of mononuclear cells and replication and migration of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) from media into the intima in the vascular wall are the cardinal pathological changes in the early stage of chronic allograft nephropathy (CAN). But the mechanism is unclear. Therefore we investigated the role of matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) and its interaction with TGF-beta1, tubulointerstitial mononuclear cells infiltration and migration of SMCs in the early stage of CAN.
Kidneys of Fisher (F334) rats were orthotopically transplanted into bilaterally nephrectomized Lewis (LEW) recipients. To suppress an initial episode of acute rejection, rats were briefly treated with cyclosporine A (1.5 mg/kg/day) for the first 10 days. Animals were harvested at 12 weeks after transplantation for histological, immunohistochemistry and molecular biological analysis.
The expression of MMP-9 was up-regulated in interstitium and vascular wall in the early stage of CAN, where there were interstitial mononuclear cells infiltration and SMCs migration and proliferation. Moreover the expression of MMP-9 were positively correlated with the degree of interstitial mononuclear cells infiltration, the quantity of SMCs in arteriolar wall, and also the increased TFG-beta1 expression in the tubulointerstitium and arteriolar wall.
MMP-9 may play an important role in the mechanism of pathological changes during the earlier period of CAN.
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[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression and significance of integrin-linked kinase (ILK) in the pathogenesis of chronic allograft nephropathy (CAN) in rats. For this, kidneys of Fisher (F344) rats were orthotopically transplanted into Lewis (LEW) rats. The animals were evaluated at 4, 8, 12, 16, and 24 weeks post-transplantation for renal function and histopathology. ILK protein expression was determined by Western-blot and immunohistological assays, and mRNA by RT-PCR. Our data show that 24-h urinary protein excretion in CAN rats increased significantly at week 16 as compared with F344/LEW controls. Allografts showed markedly increased mononuclear cells infiltration and presented with severe interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy at 16 and 24 weeks. ILK expression (protein/mRNA) was upregulated in rat kidneys with CAN, and the increase became more significant over time after transplantation. ILK expression correlated significantly with 24-h urinary protein excretion, serum creatinine levels, tubulointerstitial mononuclear cells infiltration, smooth muscle cells (SMCs) migration in vascular wall, and interstitial fibrosis. Therefore, it was concluded that ILK overexpression was the key event that involved mononuclear cells infiltration and vascular SMCs migration at early stage, and interstitial fibrosis and allograft nephroangiosclerosis at later stage of CAN pathogenesis in rats.