[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Three new β-resorcylic acid lactones (RALs), paecilomycins G–I (1–3), and eight known compounds, aigialomycins B–D (4–6), 1′,2′-epoxy aigialomycin D (7), zearalenone (8), 7′-dehydrozearalenone (9), and trans-7′,8′-dehydrozearalenol (10), antibiotic LL-Z1640-1 (11), were isolated from the mycelial solid culture of Paecilomyces sp. SC0924. Their structures were established by spectroscopic methods and chemical means. In an assessment of antifungal activity by the well plate diffusion method, five known RALs, 4–7 and 11 showed weak activities against Peronophythora litchii
Chinese Journal of Chemistry 06/2012; 30(6). DOI:10.1002/cjoc.201200406 · 1.58 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Twenty-two β-resorcylic acid lactones (RALs) were evaluated for cytotoxicity against human breast cancer cells to find their structure-activity relationship (SAR). Monocillin II, a trans-enone RAL without epoxy and conjugated dienone, was found to have higher activity in inhibiting tumor cell growth in both in vitro experiment and in vivo nude xenografted mice model than its analogue radicicol, an anticancer lead compound. We demonstrated for the first time that monocillin II could arrest breast cancer cell cycle in G1 phase, which might partially be the result of its inhibition effect on the phosphorylation of the Thr160 residue of cyclin dependent kinase 2 (CDK2), a key enzyme in cell-cycle regulation. Moreover, monocillin II exhibited inhibition of heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) and depleted its target proteins, Raf-1 and A-Raf, which are involved in Ras/Raf/MEK/ERK mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway. Remarkably, we found that monocillin II could inhibit activation of MAPKs including ERK, JNK and p38, which might be involved in the inactivation of CDK2. These results suggest that monocillin II has potential therapeutic benefits in breast cancer prevention and intervention.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: An activity-directed fractionation and purification process was used to isolate antioxidant components from cassava stems produced in Hainan. The ethyl acetate and n-butanol fractions showed greater DPPH˙and ABTS·+ scavenging activities than other fractions. The ethyl acetate fraction was subjected to column chromatography, to yield ten phenolic compounds: Coniferaldehyde (1), isovanillin (2), 6-deoxyjacareubin (3), scopoletin (4), syringaldehyde (5), pinoresinol (6), p-coumaric acid (7), ficusol (8), balanophonin (9) and ethamivan (10), which possess significant antioxidant activities. The relative order of DPPH· scavenging capacity for these compounds was ascorbic acid (reference) > 6 > 1 > 8 > 10 > 9 > 3 > 4 > 7 > 5 > 2, and that of ABTS·+ scavenging capacity was 5 > 7 > 1 > 10 > 4 > 6 > 8 > 2 > Trolox (reference compound) > 3 > 9. The results showed that these phenolic compounds contributed to the antioxidant activity of cassava.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Four new dammarane-type saponins, operculinosides A-D (1-4), were isolated from the aerial parts of Operculina turpethum, of which 1 and 2 are the first two dammarane-type triterpenoids having an oxymethyl group at C-24. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic analysis and acid hydrolysis. The absolute configuration of operculinoside A (1) was confirmed by X-ray crystallography. Compounds 1 and 3 showed significant protective activities against d-galactosamine-induced toxicity in L-02 human hepatic cells.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: 3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase (class II HMGR) could serve as a potential target to discover drugs fighting against the invasive diseases originated from Streptococcus pneumoniae, one of the major causes of bacterial disease in human. However, no strongly effective inhibitors of class II HMGR have been found so far. In the present study, for the first time, four annonaceous acetogenins (ACGs) were explored for the inhibition on S. pneumoniae HMGR. The results showed that the ACGs had higher inhibitory activities against S. pneumoniae HMGR with K(i) values in the range of 6.45-20.49 μM than the statin drug lovastatin (K(i)=116.25 μM), a classical inhibitor of class I HMGR. Then, three-dimensional modeling and docking simulations analyzed the possible binding mode of ACGs to S. pneumoniae HMGR and suggested a kind of novel structural and binding mode for designing promising inhibitor candidates of the targeted enzyme S. pneumoniae II HMGR.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: 3,12-Dihydroxy-cis-3,4-methylenedodecanoic acid 3-O-β-d-glucopyranoside, trivially named litchioside C (1), the first cyclopropyl-containing fatty acid glycoside, was isolated along with three previously uncharacterized galactosylacylglycerols from the seeds of Litchi chinensis. Its structure was established on the basis of spectroscopic analysis including HRESIMS and 2D NMR spectra. Its antioxidant and antibacterial activities were evaluated and its biogenetic pathway was discussed.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The first stilbene possessing a γ-aminobutyric acid lactam function, artocarpene (1), and a new flavanone, 2-hydroxynaringenin 4'-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (2), were isolated from the stems of Artocarpus nitidus subsp. lingnanensis along with four known compounds, 2-hydroxynaringenin (3), oxyresveratrol (4), 3,4',5-trihydroxy-3'-prenylstilbene (5) and norartocarpetin (6). Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic data. Compounds 1 exhibited weak antioxidant activity and 2 displayed weak cytotoxicity against human lung cancer A549 cell line.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Two new monoterpenoid indole alkaloid derivatives, turpiniside (1) and 11-methoxyjavaniside (2), along with the known alkaloids, vincosamide (3), (3 R)-pumiloside (4), and paratunamide C (5), were isolated from the leaves of Turpinia arguta (Lindl.) Seem. Their structures were determined on the basis of spectroscopic data. Compounds 1 and 3-5 were found to effect relaxation of the supercoiled pBR322 plasmid DNA in the presence of Cu²+.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Seven flavonoid glycosides, including one new (1) and five previously uncharacterized (3-7), were obtained from the seeds of lychee ( Litchi chinensis Sonn. cv. Heiye) by means of repetitive column chromatography and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) preparation. They were identified as litchioside D (1), (-)-pinocembrin 7-O-neohesperidoside (2), (-)-pinocembrin 7-O-rutinoside (3), taxifolin 4'-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (4), kaempferol 7-O-neohesperidoside (5), tamarixetin 3-O-rutinoside (6), and phlorizin (7) on the basis of spectroscopic analysis and comparison of their data to the values reported in the literatures. Among them, compounds 1, 4, and 5 showed in vitro antitumor activity against A549, LAC, Hep-G2, and HeLa cell lines in the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) colorimetric assay.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 02/2011; 59(4):1205-9. DOI:10.1021/jf104387y · 2.91 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A new isocoumarin, 7-hydroxyl-4-methyl isocoumarine (1), together with three known monoterpenes, (3R, 4R, 6S)-3, 6-dihydroxy-1-menthene (2), (+)-(1R, 3S, 4R, 6S)-6-hydroxymenthol (3) and 4-isopropyl-1-methylcyclohex-2-ene-1, 6-diol (4), was isolated from the methanol extract of Brickellia rosmarinifolia. The structures were determined by spectroscopic means. Compounds 1, 2, 3 and 4 showed antifungal activities against Colletotrichum musae and Peronophythora litchii in vitro.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Two new sesquiterpene glucosides, litchiosides A (1) and B (2), were obtained along with pumilaside A (3) and funingensin A (4) from lychee (Litchi chinensis Sonn.) seed. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic and chemical evidence. The in vitro antitumour activity of compounds 1–4 against A549, LAC, Hela, and Hep-G2 cell lines was determined using the MTT colourimetric assay. Pumilaside A (3) exhibited significant activity against all the tested cell lines with IC50 values of 0.012–6.29 μM, and funingensin A (4) showed moderate activity against Hep-G2 cells (IC50 = 39.27 μM), while litchiosides A (1) and B (2) were found to be inactive.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Two new A-type trimeric proanthocyanidins with two doubly bonded interflavanoid linkages, litchitannin A1 [epicatechin-(2β→O→7,4β→6)-epicatechin-(2β→O→7,4β→8)-catechin] (1) and litchitannin A2 [epicatechin-(2β→O→7,4β→6)-epicatechin-(2β→O→7,4β→6)-epicatechin] (2), were isolated from lychee (Litchi chinensis Sonn. cv. Heiye) seeds together with aesculitannin A (3), epicatechin-(2β→O→7,4β→8)-epiafzelechin-(4α→8)-epicatechin (4), proanthocyanidin A1 (5), proanthocyanidin A2 (6), proanthocyanidin A6 (7), epicatechin-(7,8-bc)-4β-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-dihydro-2(3H)-pyranone (8), and epicatechin (9). Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic and chemical evidence. It is the first time that compounds 1-4, 7, and 8 have been reported in this species. Compounds 1-9 showed more potent antioxidant activity than L-ascorbic acid with ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) values of 3.71-24.18 mmol/g and IC50 values of 5.25-20.07 μM toward DPPH radicals. Moreover, litchitannin A2 (2) was found to exhibit in vitro antiviral activity against coxsackie virus B3 (CVB3) and compounds 3 and 6 displayed antiherpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) activity.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 10/2010; 58(22):11667-72. DOI:10.1021/jf1033202 · 2.91 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Sarcandracoumarin (1), the first coumarin having a 1-phenylethyl substituent at the C-3 position, was isolated along with eleven known phenolic compounds from the water extract of Sarcandra glabra. Its structure was elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic data. Compound 1 exhibited moderate or weak cytotoxicity against several tumor cell lines.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Six new beta-resorcylic acid lactones (1-6), named paecilomycins A-F, and five known compounds, aigilomycin B (7), zeaenol (8), aigialomycin D (9), aigialomycin F (10), and aigialospirol, were isolated from the mycelial solid culture of Paecilomyces sp. SC0924. Their structures were elucidated by extensive NMR analysis, single-crystal X-ray study, and chemical correlations. Compounds 5 and 10 exhibited antiplasmodial activity against Plasmodium falciparum line 3D7 with IC(50) values of 20.0 and 10.9 nM, respectively, and compounds 5-7 showed moderate activity against the P. falciparum line Dd2.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Further chemical investigation of the whole plants of Gentiana loureirii led to the isolation and characterization of three new compounds, cyclic 4-O-beta-D-glucopyranosylcaffeic acid dimer (1), a new alpha-tetralone, 4-hydroxy-6-methyl-alpha-tetralone 4-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (2), and 3beta,30-dihydroxy-12-ursen-28-oic acid 28-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl ester (3), along with five known compounds. To the best of our knowledge, compound 1 is the first cyclic phenolic acid glycoside dimer.
Chemical & pharmaceutical bulletin 04/2010; 58(4):565-7. · 1.16 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Further chemical investigation of the whole plants of Gentiana loureirii led to the isolation and characterization of three new compounds, cyclic 4-O-β-D-glucopyranosylcaffeic acid dimer (1), a new α-tetralone, 4-hydroxy- 6-methyl-α-tetralone 4-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (2), and 3β ,30-dihydroxy-12-ursen-28-oic acid 28-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl ester (3), along with five known compounds. To the best of our knowledge, compound 1 is the first cyclic phenolic acid glycoside dimer.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The experiments were performed to extract and purify substrates for polyphenol oxidase (PPO) from pericarp tissue of postharvest litchi fruit. Two purified PPO substrates were identified as (−)-epicatechin and procyanidin A2. The antioxidant properties of two PPO substrates were further evaluated in the present study. Variation in the content of the major substrate (−)-epicatechin of litchi fruit during storage at 25°C was analysed using the HPLC-UV method. The results showed that (−)-epicatechin exhibited stronger antioxidant capability than procyanidin A2, in terms of reducing power and scavenging activities of DPPH radical, hydroxyl radical and superoxide radical. Furthermore, (−)-epicatechin content in pericarp tissue tended to decrease with increasing skin browning index of litchi fruit during storage at 25°C. Thus, these two compounds can be used as potential antioxidants in litchi waste and the fresh pericarp tissue of litchi fruit exhibited a better utilisation value.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Phytoecdysteroid glucosides, brainesterosides A-E, were isolated from the rhizomes of Brainea insignis along with three known phytoecdysteroids, ponasteroside A, ponasterone A, and 20-hydroxyecdysone. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic and chemical means. A possible biogenetic pathway is postulated for these compounds. The chemosystematic significance of ponasterone A is discussed.