[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Selective anterior thoracolumbar/lumbar (TL/L) fusion and instrumentation in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients with a structural major TL/L curve and a nonstructural minor thoracic curve is rarely reported. We investigate the correction results of these patients.
By reviewing the medical records and roentgenograms of AIS patients undergone selective anterior TL/L fusion and instrumentation, Cobb angle, correction rate of the major and minor curves, coronal balance, lowest instrumented vertebra (LIV) tilt, coronal disc angle immediately below the LIV (LIVDA) and radiographic shoulder height (RSH) were measured and analyzed.
Forty patients were included. For the major TL/L curve, the mean coronal Cobb angle before and after operation were 43.9° and 8.7°, respectively, with an average correction rate of 80.2% (P = 0.000). While for the minor thoracic curve, the mean coronal Cobb angle before and after operation were 27.2° and 14.3°, respectively, with an average spontaneous correction rate of 47.4% (P = 0.000). At final follow-up, the coronal Cobb angles of the major and minor curves were 13.7° and 17.1°, respectively, with a mean correction loss of 5.0° and 2.9°, respectively. The coronal balance before and after operations was 13.2 mm and 11.5 mm, respectively. At the final follow-up, it turned to 5.6 mm, which was much better than that after operation (P = 0.001). The mean LIV tilt was 23.5° before operation, and was significantly improved after operation (8.3°, P = 0.000). At final follow-up, it was well maintained (10.6°). The LIVDA averaged 3.5° before operation, and aggravated to 5.5° after operation (P = 0.100) and 7.4° at final follow-up (P = 0.012), respectively. The RSH was 7.3 mm before operation, 5.6 mm after operation, and 2.2 mm at the final follow-up. The RSH at the final follow-up was significantly improved compared with that after operation (P = 0.002).
Selective anterior TL/L fusion and instrumentation can get good correction results of both curves, with good results of the coronal balance and RSH in AIS patients, while a larger LIVDA.
Chinese medical journal 11/2010; 123(21):3003-8. DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0366-6999.2010.21.010 · 1.05 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the outcomes of selective anterior thoracolumbar or lumbar (TL/L) fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) with PUMCIId1 curves (Lenke type 5).
Thirty-five consecutive AIS patients (PUMC type IId1, Lenke type 5) with selective anterior TL/L fusion with single solid rod instrumentation were reviewed. The average follow-up was 36 months (range, 18 - 42 months). Standing anteroposterior and lateral radiographs were measured and analyzed.
The average preoperative Cobb angle of the TL/L curves was 45.6 degrees and corrected to 9.7 degrees postoperatively, with 79.7% curve correction. The thoracic curves decreased from 29.7 degrees preoperatively to 17.6 degrees postoperatively, with a spontaneous correction of 41.5%. There was an average 4.7 degrees and 2.5 degrees correction loss of the TL/L and the thoracic curves at the final follow-up respectively. Trunk shift deteriorated slightly from 14.0 mm preoperatively to 14.8 mm postoperatively, and improved significantly to 5.1 mm at the final follow-up. The lowest instrumented vertebra (LIV) tilt was significantly improved after surgery (from -21.8 degrees preoperatively to -1.5 degrees postoperatively) and well maintained at the final follow-up (-2.1 degrees). The coronal disc angle immediately above the upper instrumented vertebra (UIVDA) and below the LIV (LIVDA) averaged 0.5 degrees and 0.6 degrees respectively, and aggravated after surgery (0.9 degrees and 4.9 degrees, respectively). Both the UIVDA and LIVDA were significantly aggravated at the final follow-up (3.0 degrees and 7.8 degrees, respectively). The sagittal contours of T(5-12) and T(10)-L(2) were well maintained after surgery and at the final follow-up. The lumbar lordosis of L(1)-S(1) and the sagittal Cobb angle of the instrumented segments were reduced postoperatively and at the final follow-up. No pseudarthrosis or other complications were observed.
Selective anterior TL/L fusion with single solid rod instrumentation is effective and safe for AIS with PUMCIId1 (Lenke type 5) curves, above and below the fusion and larger residual thoracic curve in some cases need further evaluated.
Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] 06/2009; 47(10):758-61.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To discuss the clinical diagnosis and surgical treatment of congenital contractural arachnodactyly (CCA).
The clinical data of 6 CCA patients, 1 male and 5 female, aged 7.5 (5-14) were analyzed. All cases had kyphoscoliosis, 2 in the thoracic segments and 4 in the thoracolumbar segments. The average scoliosis Cobb angle was 88.6 degrees (85 degrees-117 degrees). The average kyphosis Cobb angle was 93.6 degrees (75 degrees-123 degrees). All of the cases underwent internal fixation with pedicle screw and lamina hooks instrumentation, in which 4 cases underwent posterior Smith-Petersen osteotomy. The diagnosis was based on a constellation of clinical findings. The clinical manifestations included marfanoid habitus, flexion contractures of multiple joints (elbow, knee, hip, and finger), kyphoscoliosis, muscular hypoplasia, and abnormal pinnae ("crumpled" outer helices). Molecular genetic testing showed mutation in the fibrillin-2 (FBN2) gene encoding the extracellular matrix microfibril. Four cases were followed up for 6-9 months.
After operation the average Cobb angle of the scoliosis and kyphosis were 37.6 degrees (35 degrees-52 degrees) and 38.6 degrees (28 degrees-54 degrees) immediately, with 62.3% and 68.7% curve correction respectively. Three cases got excellent synostosis of posterior lamina, 1 case underwent revision with lamina hook because the distal screw was loose and hurt the nerve root, and the other 2 cases lost follow-up. The patients' body appearance and pulmonary function were obviously improved.
The characteristic clinical manifestation include severe and stiff kyphoscoliosis, difficult to correct , and enhanced Cobb angle, and pedicle dysplasia of vertebral pedicle leading to difficulty in installing screws. Smith-Petersen osteotomy is often necessary. CCA should be differentiated with Marfan syndrome (MFS), Stickler syndrome, Homocystinuria, and distal arthrogryposis, especially MFS.