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Publications (4)5.87 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background: Atrial septal openings (ASOs) are very common in premature infants. Objective: The study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and natural course of ASOs in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants diagnosed in the first week of life and the association of ASOs with various clinical factors. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 217 infants born with a weight of <1,500 g between January 2007 and December 2011. Echocardiography was conducted within the first week of life in all infants. Clinical factors were compared between infants with ASO and those with an intact atrial septum. ASO closure was confirmed by echocardiography at the 3-month follow-up and subsequently every 6 months. Results: The incidence of ASOs was 40.3% in VLBW infants. Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) was associated with a higher incidence of ASO in a multivariate analysis (OR 4.005, 95% CI 2.015-7.960, p < 0.001), and PDA was a predictor of early ASO closure. The rate of oxygen requirement for at least 28 days was higher in infants with ASO, whereas oxygen dependency at 36 weeks' postmenstrual age did not differ between the infant groups. The mean time of closure was 5.8 ± 7.1 months of age (range 0-36). All followed infants showed spontaneous closure within 3 years. Conclusions: ASOs occur at a relatively high incidence in VLBW infants, but most of these close spontaneously within 3 years. PDA was predictive of ASO at the first echocardiography but did not delay ASO closure. The ASOs in VLBW infants were not a significant cause of concern. © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Neonatology 11/2013; 105(2):85-90. · 2.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was executed to prove the existence of c-Kit-positive interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC)-like cells [c-Kit (+) ICC-like cells] and their possible role associated with gastric inflammation and/or carcinogenesis in human gastric mucosa. c-Kit (+) ICC-like cells were observed throughout all the layers of the gastric fundus along the greater curvature. Dense fusiform cell bodies with many processes were found in each layer. We also studied the c-Kit-positive immunoreactivity distribution pattern in the mucosa. c-Kit (+) cells were found mainly around the epithelial repair zone of the normal gastric fundus/corpus and of the fundus/corpus with non-metaplastic chronic gastritis. Notably, they were found attached to the epithelia of the repair zone in non-metaplastic chronic gastritis. In chronic gastritis with intestinal metaplasia, they were found scattered everywhere in the stroma of the gastric mucosa and did not attach to the metaplastic epithelium. We found c-Kit (+) ICC-like cells in human mucosa. They were present mainly in the stroma around the repair zone of the glands in chronic gastritis as well as in normal mucosa, whereas they seemed to redistribute over the whole mucosa in gastritis with intestinal metaplasia. These cells around the repair zone were found to be tightly attached to epithelial cells, but not to metaplastic epithelial cells. Thus, c-Kit (+) ICC-like cells appear to have a role in the epithelial recovery process and may be associated with carcinogenesis of human gastric mucosa.
    Oncology Reports 07/2011; 26(1):33-42. · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    Won Seop Kim
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    ABSTRACT: Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a genetic multisystem disorder that results from mutations in the TSC1 or TSC2 genes, and is associated with hamartomas in several organs, including subependymal giant cell tumors. The neurological manifestations of TSC are particularly challenging and include infantile spasms, intractable epilepsy, cognitive disabilities, and autism. The TSC1- and TSC2-encoded proteins modulate cell function via the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling cascade, and are key factors in the regulation of cell growth and proliferation. The mTOR pathway provides an intersection for an intricate network of protein cascades that respond to cellular nutrition, energy levels, and growth factor stimulation. In the brain, TSC1 and TSC2 have been implicated in cell body size, dendritic arborization, axonal outgrowth and targeting, neuronal migration, cortical lamination, and spine formation. The mTOR pathway represents a logical candidate for drug targeting, because mTOR regulates multiple cellular functions that may contribute to epileptogenesis, including protein synthesis, cell growth and proliferation, and synaptic plasticity. Antagonism of the mTOR pathway with rapamycin and related compounds may provide new therapeutic options for TSC patients.
    Korean Journal of Pediatrics 06/2011; 54(6):241-5.
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    ABSTRACT: We elucidated the distribution of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) in human stomach, using cryosection and c-Kit immunohistochemistry to identify c-Kit positive ICC. Before c-Kit staining, we routinely used hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining to identify every structure of human stomach, from mucosa to longitudinal muscle. HE staining revealed that the fundus greater curvature (GC) had prominent oblique muscle layer, and c-Kit immunostaining c-Kit positive ICC cells were found to have typical morphology of dense fusiform cell body with multiple processes protruding from the central cell body. In particular, we could observe dense processes and ramifications of ICC in myenteric area and longitudinal muscle layer of corpus GC. Interestingly, c-Kit positive ICC-like cells which had morphology very similar to ICC were found in gastric mucosa. We could not find any significant difference in the distribution of ICC between fundus and corpus, except for submucosa where the density of ICC was much higher in gastric fundus than corpus. Furthermore, there was no significant difference in the density of ICC between each area of fundus and corpus, except for muscularis mucosa. Finally, we also found similar distribution of ICC in normal and cancerous tissue obtained from a patient who underwent pancreotomy and gastrectomy. In conclusion, ICC was found ubiquitously in human stomach and the density of ICC was significantly lower in the muscularis mucosa of both fundus/corpus and higher in the submucosa of gastric fundus than corpus.
    Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 10/2010; 14(5):317-24. · 1.00 Impact Factor