Weixiong Ke

Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States

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Publications (4)34.4 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Rates of hospital-acquired infections, specifically methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), are increasingly being used as indicators for quality of hospital hygiene. There has been much effort on understanding the transmission process at the hospital level; however, interhospital population-based transmission remains poorly defined. We evaluated whether the proportion of shared patients between hospitals was correlated with genetic similarity of MRSA strains from those hospitals. Using data collected from 30 of 32 hospitals in Orange County, California, multivariate linear regression showed that for each twofold increase in the proportion of patients shared between 2 hospitals, there was a 7.7% reduction in genetic heterogeneity between the hospitals' MRSA populations (permutation P value = 0.0356). Pairs of hospitals that both served adults had more similar MRSA populations than pairs including a pediatric hospital. These findings suggest that concerted efforts among hospitals that share large numbers of patients may be synergistic to prevent MRSA transmission.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 03/2012; 109(17):6763-8. · 9.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Macrophages are critical players in both innate and adaptive immunity. While the exogenous signaling events leading to the terminal differentiation of macrophages from monocytes have been studied extensively, the underlying intracellular transcriptional mechanisms remain poorly understood. Here we report that the homeobox transcription factor VentX plays a pivotal role in human macrophage terminal differentiation and proinflammatory function. Our study showed that VentX expression was upregulated upon human primary monocyte-to-macrophage differentiation induced by cytokines such as M-CSF, GM-CSF, and IL-3. Moreover, ablation of VentX expression in primary monocytes profoundly impaired their differentiation to macrophages, and ectopic expression of VentX in a myeloid progenitor cell line triggered its differentiation with prominent macrophage features. Further analysis revealed that VentX was pivotal for the proinflammatory response of terminally differentiated macrophages. Mechanistically, VentX was found to control expression of proteins key to macrophage differentiation and activation, including M-CSF receptor. Importantly, preliminary analysis of gene expression in leukocytes from patients with autoimmune diseases revealed a strong correlation between levels of VentX and those of proinflammatory cytokines. Our results provide mechanistic insight into the crucial roles of VentX in macrophage differentiation and proinflammatory activation and suggest that dysregulation of VentX may play a role in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases.
    The Journal of clinical investigation 06/2011; 121(7):2599-613. · 15.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cell senescence is a process of irreversible arrest of cell proliferation and plays an important role in tumor suppression. Recent studies showed that Wnt inhibition is a trigger of cellular senescence. Using methods of reverse genetics, we recently identified VentX, a human homolog of the vertebrate Xenopus Vent family of homeobox genes, as a novel Wnt repressor and a putative tumor suppressor in lymphocytic leukemia. Here, we show that VentX is a direct transcriptional activator of p53-p21 and p16ink4a-Rb tumor suppression pathways. Ectopic expression of VentX in cancer cells caused an irreversible cell cycle arrest with a typical senescence-like phenotype. Conversely, inhibition of VentX expression by RNA interference ameliorated chemotherapeutic agent-induced senescence in lymphocytic leukemia cells. The results of our study further reveal the mechanisms underlying tumor suppression function of VentX and suggest a role of VentX as a potential target in cancer prevention and treatment.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 04/2011; 286(14):12693-12701. · 4.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cell senescence is a process of irreversible arrest of cell proliferation and plays an important role in tumor suppression. Recent studies showed that Wnt inhibition is a trigger of cellular senescence. Using methods of reverse genetics, we recently identified VentX, a human homolog of the vertebrate Xenopus Vent family of homeobox genes, as a novel Wnt repressor and a putative tumor suppressor in lymphocytic leukemia. Here, we show that VentX is a direct transcriptional activator of p53-p21 and p16ink4a-Rb tumor suppression pathways. Ectopic expression of VentX in cancer cells caused an irreversible cell cycle arrest with a typical senescence-like phenotype. Conversely, inhibition of VentX expression by RNA interference ameliorated chemotherapeutic agent-induced senescence in lymphocytic leukemia cells. The results of our study further reveal the mechanisms underlying tumor suppression function of VentX and suggest a role of VentX as a potential target in cancer prevention and treatment.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 02/2011; 286(14):12693-701. · 4.60 Impact Factor