Vidya Shankaran

Loyola University Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States

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Publications (8)33.92 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Evidence is increasingly convincing that lung transplantation is a risk factor of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). However, it is still not known if the type of lung transplant (unilateral, bilateral, or retransplant) plays a role in the pathogenesis of GERD. The records of 61 lung transplant patients who underwent esophageal function tests between September 2008 and May 2010, were retrospectively reviewed. These patients were divided into 3 groups based on the type of lung transplant they received: unilateral (n=25); bilateral (n=30), and retransplant (n=6). Among these groups we compared: (1) the demographic characteristics (eg, sex, age, race, and body mass index); (2) the presence of Barrett esophagus, delayed gastric emptying, and hiatal hernia; and (3) the esophageal manometric and pH-metric profile. Distal and proximal reflux were more prevalent in patients with bilateral transplant or retransplant and less prevalent in patients after unilateral transplant, regardless of the cause of their lung disease. The prevalence of hiatal hernia, Barrett esophagus, and the manometric profile were similar in all groups of patients. Although our data show a discrepancy in prevalence of GERD in patients with different types of lung transplantation, we cannot determine the exact cause for these findings from this study. We speculate that the extent of dissection during the transplant places the patients at risk for GERD. On the basis of the results of this study, a higher level of suspicion of GERD should be held in patients after bilateral or retransplantation.
    Surgical laparoscopy, endoscopy & percutaneous techniques 02/2012; 22(1):46-51. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The pathophysiology of hiatal hernias is incompletely understood. This study systematically reviewed the literature of hiatal hernias to provide an evidence-based explanation of the pathogenetic theories and to identify any risk factors at the molecular and cellular levels. A systematic search of the Medline and Pubmed databases on the pathophysiology of hiatal hernias was performed to identify English-language citations from the database inception to December 2010. Although few studies have examined the relationship of molecular and cellular changes of the diaphragm to the pathogenesis of hiatal hernias, there appear to be three dominant pathogenic theories: (1) increased intraabdominal pressure forces the gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) into the thorax; (2) esophageal shortening due to fibrosis or excessive vagal nerve stimulation displaces the GEJ into the thorax; and (3) GEJ migrates into the chest secondary to a widening of the diaphragmatic hiatus in response to congenital or acquired molecular and cellular changes, such as the abnormalities of collagen type 3 alpha 1. The pathogenesis of hiatal hernias at the molecular and cellular levels is poorly described. To date, no single theory has proved to be the definitive explanation for hiatal hernia formation, and its pathogenesis appears to be multifactorial.
    Surgical Endoscopy 04/2011; 25(10):3149-53. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: Although the technique of distal pancreatectomy with or without en bloc splenectomy has been well described, the execution of this procedure may be technically challenging when performed laparoscopically. In this technical report, we aimed to describe the technique of laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy with or without splenic preservation. DISCUSSION: Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy with or without splenectomy is a safe and effective surgical approach for the correction of various conditions. It has been proven to be a feasible solution for the treatment of benign inflammatory conditions as well as neoplasms. Splenic preservation requires careful and meticulous dissection, but may be done safely.
    Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 01/2011; 15(1):215-8. · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To review mesh products currently available for ventral hernia repair and to evaluate their efficacy in complex repair, including contaminated and reoperative fields. Although commonly referenced, the concept of the ideal prosthetic has never been fully realized. With the development of newer prosthetics and approaches to the ventral hernia repair, many surgeons do not fully understand the properties of the available prosthetics or the circumstances that warrant the use of a specific mesh. A systematic review of published literature from 1951 to June of 2009 was conducted to identify articles relating to ventral hernia repairs and the use of prosthetics in herniorrhaphy. Important differences exist between the synthetics, composites, and biologic prosthetics used for ventral hernia repair in terms of mechanics, cost, and the ideal situation in which each should be used. The use of synthetic mesh remains an appropriate solution for most ventral hernia repairs. Laparoscopic ventral hernia repair has created a niche for both expanded polytetrafluoroethylene and composite mesh, as they are suited to intraperitoneal placement. Preliminary studies have demonstrated that the newer biologic prosthetics are reasonable options for hernia repair in contaminated fields and for large abdominal wall defects; however, more studies need to be done before advocating the use of these biologics in other settings.
    Annals of surgery 01/2011; 253(1):16-26. · 7.90 Impact Factor
  • Vidya Shankaran, Piero M Fisichella
    Digestive and Liver Disease 11/2010; 42(11):828. · 3.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is thought to be a risk factor for the development or progression of chronic rejection after lung transplantation. However, the prevalence of GERD and its risk factors, including esophageal dysmotility, hiatal hernia and delayed gastric emptying after lung transplantation, are still unknown. In addition, the prevalence of Barrett's esophagus, a known complication of GERD, has not been determined in these patients. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and extent of GERD, as well as the frequency of these risk factors and complications of GERD in lung transplant patients. Thirty-five consecutive patients underwent a combination of esophageal function testing, upper endoscopy, barium swallow, and gastric emptying scan after lung transplantation. In this patient population, the prevalence of GERD was 51% and 22% in those who had been retransplanted. Of patients with GERD,36% had ineffective esophageal motility (IEM), compared with 6% of patients without GERD (P = .037). No patient demonstrated hiatal hernia on barium swallow. The prevalence of delayed gastric emptying was 36%. The prevalence of biopsy-confirmed Barrett's esophagus was 12%. Our study shows that, after lung transplantation, more than half of patients had GERD, and that GERD was more common after retransplantation. IEM and delayed gastric emptying are frequent in patients with GERD. Hiatal hernia is rare. The prevalence of Barrett's esophagus is not negligible. We conclude that GERD is highly prevalent after lung transplantation, and that delayed gastric emptying and Barrett's esophagus should always be suspected after lung transplantation because they are common risks factors and complications of GERD.
    Surgery 10/2010; 148(4):737-44; discussion 744-5. · 3.37 Impact Factor
  • Gastroenterology 01/2010; 138(5). · 12.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Breast reconstruction following mastectomy often involves the use of regional myocutaneous flaps such as the latissimus dorsi (LDM) and transverse rectus abdominus flaps. A history of previous radiation to the skin paddle of the myocutaneous flap planned for breast reconstruction may cause the plastic surgeon to consider using an alternative muscle flap which has not received radiation. To aid decision-making in the setting of previous radiation, we prospectively assessed the dose given to the latissimus myocutaneous flap of a small series of seven women who were to undergo adjuvant 3-D conformal radiation therapy after breast conservation surgery (four) or mastectomy (three). The skin paddles of this flap were marked using wires prior to the planning CT scan required for 3-D conformal therapy. Radiation dose to the skin paddles was minimal but the LD muscle dose averaged 888cGy. The thoracodorsal artery received the highest doses of radiation averaging 2,750cGy with 55.5% of the artery receiving at least 2,500cGy and 25.3% of the artery receiving at least 4,500cGy which was almost a prescription radiation dose to the whole breast. The clinical implications of this level of radiation dose to the arterial pedicle are likely minimal because it is a peripheral small blood vessel. The surgeon and the radiation oncologist should be aware of this as a potential factor and its possible effects on breast reconstruction outcome particularly in the midst of other predictors of poor vascularity such as smoking, diabetes, or peripheral vascular disease. We plan to study further the dose to LDM flap in a larger series of women. However, information about dose to planned myocutaneous flap in the setting of history of previous breast radiation can be easily obtained from the radiation plan and should be ascertained prior to breast reconstruction. KeywordsBreast reconstruction-Breast cancer-Radiation dose-Myocutaneous flap
    European Journal of Plastic Surgery 33(5):271-275.

Publication Stats

56 Citations
33.92 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2011
    • Loyola University Chicago
      Chicago, Illinois, United States
  • 2010
    • Loyola University Medical Center
      • Department of Surgery
      Maywood, IL, United States