ABSTRACT: Nonlactating Holstein and Jersey cows (n = 24) were superovulated and ovarian follicular development was monitored by transrectal ultrasound during the period after embryo recovery. Luteolysis was induced by two injections of prostaglandin F(2)alpha (PGF; 25 mg Lutalyse; 12-h interval) at specific times after superovulatory induced estrus (Treatment 1, Day 9; Treatment 2, Day 12; Treatment 3, Day 17; Treatment 4, Day 25; superovulatory estrus = Day 0 of Cycle 1). Follicular development was monitored during Cycle 1 before and after PGF injection and continued through the ensuing estrous cycle (Cycle 2). Superovulation led to more than one embryo collected in 14 cows (mean = 8.71 embryos: positive superovulatory response [PSR] cows), while 10 cows were not successfully superovulated (mean = 0.1 embryo; negative superovulatory response [NSR] cows). These cows differed in terms of number of unovulated follicles detected at embryo collection (4.21 vs 17.2, PSR vs NSR) and plasma progesterone during the superovulatory estrous cycle (32.3 ng/ml PSR vs 8.6 ng/ml NSR). Follicular development during Cycle 1 started sooner in NSR than in PSR cows (day by class by response P<0.03) and was initiated on Days 11 to 12 in NSR cows and on Days 19 to 20 in PSR cows. Interval to estrus after PGF averaged 6.3 d. Cows having short intervals to estrus had follicles at the time of PGF injection. Treatment influenced the length of Cycle 1, but it did not affect the interval to estrus after PGF, the length of Cycle 2, or follicular development during Cycle 2. The results indicate that 1) the timing of PGF injection after embryo collection does not influence subsequent follicular populations, 2) elongated estrous cycles and intervals to estrus after PGF in superovulated cattle are a function of decreased follicular activity, and 3) the presence of numerous corpora lutea and not the superovulatory treatment, per se, seem to attenuate follicular growth.
Theriogenology 07/1990; 34(1):7-19. · 1.96 Impact Factor