Tsuyoshi Igami

Nagoya University, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan

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Publications (68)165.48 Total impact

  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cholangiocarcinomas exhibit various modes of local extension, and some tumors can only be completely resected by hepatopancreatoduodenectomy (HPD), which is defined as the resection of the whole extrahepatic biliary system with the adjacent liver and pancreatoduodenum. Since Takasaki et al. introduced HPD for locally advanced gallbladder cancer in 1980, Japanese hepatobiliary surgeons have aggressively challenged this extended procedure for advanced biliary tumors. Early experiences with HPD were frequently associated with liver failure and sequential mortality, leading to an underestimation of the survival benefit of HPD. However, with improvements in surgical techniques and perioperative patient care, including portal vein embolization, over the last two decades, the mortality rate after HPD has gradually decreased. Recent studies have demonstrated a favorable survival in cholangiocarcinoma, provided that R0 resection is achieved. In contrast, HPD for gallbladder cancer remains controversial because of the extremely poor survival, although the study populations have been limited. HPD can be performed with low mortality and offers a better probability of long-term survival in patients with cholangiocarcinoma. We should consider HPD to be a standard approach for laterally advanced cholangiocarcinomas that are otherwise unresectable.
    Journal of hepato-biliary-pancreatic sciences. 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Right-sided hepatectomy is often selected for perihilar cholangiocarcinoma because the extrahepatic portion of the left hepatic duct is longer than that of the right hepatic duct. However, the length of resected left hepatic duct in right-sided hepatectomy has not been reported. Patients who underwent right-sided hepatectomy for perihilar cholangiocarcinoma were reviewed retrospectively. Trisectionectomies were performed according to a previously reported technique of anatomical right hepatic trisectionectomy. Right hepatectomy was performed according to standard operative procedures. The length of resected left hepatic duct was measured. Thirty-three patients underwent right trisectionectomy and 141 had a right hemihepatectomy. Patients having a trisectionectomy had more advanced tumours and so required combined portal vein resection more frequently. Duration of surgery and blood loss were similar in the two groups. Morbidity and mortality rates tended to be higher following hemihepatectomy than after trisectionectomy. The mean(s.d.) length of resected left hepatic duct was significantly greater in trisectionectomy than in hemihepatectomy (25·0(6·9) versus 14·8(5·3) mm; P < 0·001). In patients with Bismuth type IV tumours, the percentage of negative left hepatic duct margins was significantly higher for trisectionectomy than for hemihepatectomy (89 versus 57 per cent; P = 0·021). Achievement of R0 resection was similar and survival did not differ between the two groups, despite different tumour load. Compared with right hemihepatectomy, anatomical right hepatic trisectionectomy provides a greater length of resected hepatic duct, leading to a high proportion of negative proximal ductal margins even in patients with Bismuth type IV tumours.
    British Journal of Surgery 01/2014; · 4.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The issue on timing and number of bile sampling for exfoliative bile cytology is still unsettled. A total of 100 patients with cholangiocarcinoma undergoing resection after external biliary drainage were randomized into two groups: a 2-day group where bile was sampled five times per day for 2 days; and a 10-day group where bile was sampled once per day for 10 days (registered University Hospital Medical Information Network/ID 000005983). The outcome of 87 patients who underwent laparotomy was analyzed, 44 in the 2-day group and 43 in the 10-day group. There were no significant differences in patient characteristics between the two groups. Positivity after one sampling session was significantly lower in the 2-day group than in the 10-day group (17.0 ± 3.7% vs. 20.7 ± 3.5%, P = 0.034). However, cumulative positivity curves were similar and overlapped each other between both groups. The final cumulative positivity by the 10th sampling session was 52.3% in the 2-day group and 51.2% in the 10-day group. We observed a small increase in cumulative positivity after the 5th or 6th session in both groups. Bile cytology positivity is unlikely to be affected by sample time.
    Journal of hepato-biliary-pancreatic sciences. 12/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: Intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct (IPNB) is a presumed precursor lesion in biliary carcinogenesis, clinicopathologically overlapping with papillary cholangiocarcinomas (PCC); however, because IPNB has no standardized definition, this relationship remains equivocal. Herein, we aimed to develop a new prognostic model for PCC by focusing on the invasive proportion. Among 644 patients with resected cholangiocarcinoma (1998-2011), 184 (28%) had intraductal, exophytic, papillary lesions. These were divided into 4 subsets based on the invasive component: Noninvasive (PCC-1; n = 14), ≤10% (PCC-2; n = 32), 11-50% (PCC-3; n = 60), and >50% (PCC-4; n = 78). The remaining 460 were identified as non-PCCs (NPCC). Invasion beyond the duct wall and regional lymph node metastases were more frequent in NPCC than PCC (P < .001 for both). Five-year survival was better for PCC (55%) than NPCC (35%; P < .001), indicating the papillary component to be a significant, independent prognosticator. PCC-4 and NPCC had similar clinicopathologic features and overlapping survival curves: 33% and 35% at 5 years (P = .835), both less than those of PCC-1, PCC-2, and PCC-3 (respectively, 92%, 74%, and 64% at 5 years; P < .005 in all combinations). Multivariate analysis in PCC showed >50% invasive component, nodal metastasis, and a positive operative margin as independent predictors. PCC survival decreased with progression of the invasive component. PCC with >50% invasive component was clinicopathologically similar to NPCC. Although IPNB might be nosologically applied only for PCC cases with ≤50% invasive component, the present prognostic delineation suggests that all PCC subgroups belonged to a singular disease group.
    Surgery 11/2013; · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In 2011, the International Study Group of Liver Surgery defined posthepatectomy liver failure using the prothrombin time-international normalized ratio (PT-INR) and total serum bilirubin concentration (T-Bil). Data analyzing the clinical impact of PT-INR and T-Bil on postoperative mortality, however, remain limited, especially for major hepatectomy with extrahepatic bile duct resection (HEBR). Prospectively collected data from 545 patients who underwent HEBR in a single institution from 2002 to 2011 were analyzed. Receiver operating characteristics (ROC) analyses of PT-INR and T-Bil on postoperative days (POD) 1, 3, and 5 were used to determine optimal cu-off values for predicting postoperative mortality. Most of the treated diseases were biliary tract cancers, including perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (n = 418), gallbladder carcinoma (n = 52), and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (n = 27). The mean values for PT-INR and T-Bil on POD 1, 3, and 5 were significantly greater in the patients who died owing to postoperative complications than in the patients who survived. On POD 5, the area under the ROC curve for predicting postoperative mortality and the optimal cutoff value for PT-INR were 0.876 and 1.68, respectively, whereas those of T-Bil were 0.889 and 4.0 mg/dL, respectively. A combination of PT-INR and T-Bil showed strong predictive power (ie, >40% of the patients with values beyond the cutoff value for both PT-INR and T-Bil on POD 5 died). We recommend monitoring both PT-INR and T-Bil to predict accurately which patients are at a high risk after HEBR.
    Surgery 11/2013; · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of successful right hepatectomy plus pancreatoduodenectomy (Rt-HPD) with arterial reconstruction for extrahepatic bile duct carcinoma with obstruction of the celiac axis in a 76-year-old man. Obstruction of the celiac axis resulted in arterial blood supply to the upper abdominal organs coming from the pancreatic head arcade. The patient underwent arterial reconstruction before the Rt-HPD to maintain the blood supply from the pancreatic head arcade for as long as possible. His postoperative course was uneventful and he was well with no sign of recurrence when last seen, 64 months after surgery. To our knowledge, this is the first description of this modified HPD with arterial reconstruction. Thus, rational surgical planning based on careful preoperative assessment would expand the indications for HPD, even for patients with celiac axis obstruction requiring arterial reconstruction.
    Surgery Today 10/2013; · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The International Study Group of Liver Surgery (ISGLS) has defined bile leakage as a drain fluid-to-serum total bilirubin concentration (TBC) ratio (the bilirubin ratio) ≥3.0. The aim of the present study was to determine the clinical significance of this definition, and to outline characteristics of bile leakage in complex hepatectomy. The TBCs of the serum and drain fluid were measured on postoperative days (POD) 1, 3, and 7 in 241 patients who had undergone hepatobiliary resection. The validation of the bilirubin ratio and predictors of bile leakage were retrospectively assessed. Grade A, B, or C bile leakage was found in 23 (9.5 %), 66 (27.4 %), and 0 patients, respectively. The median duration of drainage was 27 days in grade B bile leakage. The sensitivity and specificity of the bilirubin ratio for detecting grade B bile leakage were 59 and 87 %, respectively. The area under the receiver operating characteristics curve of the drain fluid TBC on POD 3 had the highest predictive value: 68 % sensitivity and 76 % specificity for a drain fluid TBC of 3.7 mg/dL. The multivariate analysis demonstrated that operative time, left trisectionectomy, bilirubin ratio, and TBC of the drain fluid on POD 3 were independent predictors of grade B bile leakage. In complex hepatectomy, bile leakage develops most frequently after left trisectionectomy and often results in a refractory clinical course. The ISGLS biochemical definition is valid, and a combination of bilirubin ratio and drain fluid TBC may enhance risk prediction for grade B bile leakage.
    World Journal of Surgery 10/2013; · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Resection of cholangiocarcinoma often results in a positive ductal margin, from carcinoma in situ (CIS) near the main tumor; however, the biological behavior of the residual CIS after surgical resection remains equivocal. We report a case of late local recurrence of CIS, defined as long-term tumor progression from CIS residue at the ductal stump. The patient, a 73-year-old man, had undergone bile duct resection for distal cholangiocarcinoma, leaving positive ductal margins with CIS. A biliary stricture was found 10 years later at the site of anastomosis, and right hepatectomy with pancreatoduodenectomy was performed. Based on histological analogy and the evidence of remnant CIS, a final diagnosis of late local recurrence from the CIS foci was made. This uncommon mode of recurrence should be considered in patients with early-stage disease with expected favorable survival because salvage surgery is feasible for selected patients.
    Surgery Today 05/2013; · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: S-1 adjuvant chemotherapy following radical surgery has been the standard therapy for the pStage II/III gastric cancer in Japan. However, there are few reports regarding treatment for gastric cancer recurrence during S-1 therapy. Here, we present a case of recurrent gastric cancer during S-1 adjuvant therapy that showed partial response to CDDP + capecitabine therapy. A 72-year-old man was diagnosed as having gastric cancer. We performed a distal gastrectomy+D2 dissection, with Roux-en Y reconstruction. The patient was treated with S-1 for adjuvant chemotherapy. Six months after operation, multiple mediastinal lymph node recurrence developed. CDDP + CPT-11 was applied for two courses as first-line treatment for the recurrence. However, the disease progressed with worsening mediastinal lymph node metastases (progressive disease). After two courses of CDDP + capecitabine as second-line chemotherapy, the recurrence site became smaller. After five courses, partial response (PR) had been achieved. Two years and five months after gastrectomy, capecitabine monotherapy was applied as third-line chemotherapy.
    Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 04/2013; 40(4):519-22.
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    ABSTRACT: : To analyze lymph node status in resected perihilar cholangiocarcinoma, to clarify which index (ie, location, number, or ratio of involved nodes) is better for staging, and to determine the minimum requirements for node examination. : In the TNM classification for perihilar cholangiocarcinoma, the number or ratio of involved nodes is not considered for nodal staging. The minimum requirement for histologic examination of lymph nodes is arbitrary. : This study involved 320 patients with perihilar cholangiocarcinoma who underwent resection from January 2000 to December 2009 at Nagoya University Hospital. The relationship between lymph node status and patient survival was retrospectively analyzed. : Total lymph node counts (TLNCs), ie, the number of lymph nodes examined histologically, averaged 12.9 ± 8.3 (range: 1-59). Lymph node metastasis was found in 146 (45.6%) patients and was an independent, powerful prognostic factor. The survival rates were not significantly different between patients with regional node metastasis alone and those with distant node metastasis (19.2% vs 11.5% at 5 years, P = 0.058). The survival for patients with multiple node metastases was significantly worse than that for patients with single metastasis (12.1% vs 27.6% at 5 years, P = 0.002), regardless of the presence or absence of distant lymph node metastasis. The survival for patients with lymph node ratios (LNRs) of 0.2 or less was significantly better than that for patients with LNRs greater than 0.2 (21.4% vs 13.5% at 5 years, P = 0.032). Upon multivariate analysis of the 146 patients with lymph node metastasis, the number of involved nodes (single vs multiple) was identified as an independent prognostic factor (RR of 1.61, P = 0.045), whereas the locations (regional alone vs distant) and ratios (LNR ≤ 0.2 vs LNR > 0.2) of involved nodes were not. When the 148 pN0-R0 patients were divided into 3 groups (ie, those with TLNC ≥ 8, with TLNC = 5, 6, or 7, and with TLNC ≤ 4), survivals were identical between the first and second groups, whereas they were largely different between the former two and the third. : Lymph node metastasis is a powerful, independent prognostic factor in perihilar cholangiocarcinoma and is better classified based not on location but on the number of involved nodes. To adequately assess nodal status, histologic examination of 5 or more nodes is recommended.
    Annals of surgery 04/2013; 257(4):718-25. · 7.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSES: External drainage of pancreatic juice using a pancreatic duct stent following pancreatoduodenectomy is widely performed. We hypothesized that the replacement of externally drained pancreatic juice would help to prevent postoperative complications, including pancreatic fistulas. METHODS: Sixty-four patients who underwent pancreatoduodenectomy between 2006 and 2008 were randomly assigned to either a pancreatic juice non-replacement (NR) or replacement (R) group. Eighteen patients were excluded from the analysis because they had unresectable tumors (n = 4), low pancreatic juice output (<100 ml) (n = 11) or for other reasons (n = 3). A total of 46 patients (NR = 24, R = 22) were included in the final analysis. The volume and amylase levels of externally drained pancreatic juice were analyzed on postoperative days 7 and 14. The incidence of postoperative complications, including pancreatic fistulas and delayed gastric emptying, was also assessed. RESULTS: The total amylase secretion from the pancreatic tube on postoperative day 7 was significantly higher in the NR group compared with the R group (P = 0.044). The incidence of pancreatic fistulas (>Grade B) was also significantly higher in the NR group (33.3 vs. 9.1 %, P = 0.046). CONCLUSIONS: In cases for whom external pancreatic juice drainage from a stent is applied following pancreaticojejunostomy, enteral replacement of externally drained pancreatic juice may reduce the incidence of postoperative pancreatic fistula formation.
    Surgery Today 03/2013; · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: Hepatectomy of segments 4a and 5 (S4a+5) is the recommended treatment for pT2 gallbladder cancer. However, gallbladder bed resection is also occasionally used. Using nationwide data from the Japanese Biliary Tract Cancer Registry and a questionnaire survey, we retrospectively compared these 2 methods of treatment. METHOD: The study involved 85 patients with pT2, pN0 gallbladder cancer (55 treated with gallbladder bed resection, and 30, with S4a+5 hepatectomy). The prognosis and mode of tumor recurrence following treatment were analyzed retrospectively, with overall survival as the endpoint. RESULTS: The 5-year survival rate did not differ significantly between the 2 groups. Univariate analysis showed that bile duct resection and perineural tumor invasion were significant prognostic factors, but the extent of hepatectomy, location of the major intramural tumor, regional lymph node excision, and histological type were not. Multivariate analysis identified perineural tumor invasion as a significant prognostic factor. Recurrence occurred most frequently in both lobes than S4a+5 of the liver following gallbladder bed resection. CONCLUSION: In the present study of cases of Japanese Biliary Tract Cancer Registry, it was not possible to conclude that S4a+5 hepatectomy was superior to gallbladder bed resection.
    Journal of hepato-biliary-pancreatic sciences. 02/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: Single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) has been performed in patients with gallbladder stones without inflammation. Porcelain gallbladder is a rare finding of chronic cholecystitis that is characterized by extensive calcification of the gallbladder wall. Herein we describe our experience with SILC for porcelain gallbladder with a successful outcome. A 67-old-year woman was diagnosed with porcelain gallbladder. We performed SILC using a SILS Port and a 5-mm forceps through the umbilical incision. Because a small amount of the omentum around the gallbladder was left to facilitate grasping the fundus, a view of both the cystic artery and the cystic duct was easily obtained. The operative time and the intraoperative blood loss were 66 min and less than 1 mL, respectively. The patient was discharged 3 days after surgery and was satisfied with the cosmetic results. Our procedure may represent an alternative to conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy in patients with porcelain gallbladder.
    Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery 02/2013; 6(1):52-4.
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: A salvage hepatectomy for an "inoperable" advanced perihilar tumor initially treated with a self-expanding metallic stent (SEMS) is challenging, and its safety and survival benefits remain unclear. The aim of this study was to report our experiences with this difficult resection. METHODS: This study involved 10 consecutive patients with suspected perihilar cholangiocarcinoma who underwent SEMS placement at a local hospital and were referred to our clinic for possible resection as their last option. Their medical records were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: Tumor extent was first reevaluated using multidetector-row computed tomography. Of the 10 patients, 4 were diagnosed as inoperable owing to locally advanced tumors (n = 3) or poor physical condition (n = 1). In the remaining 6 patients, after additional biliary drainage, a salvage hepatectomy was performed, including a right hepatectomy with a caudate lobectomy in 5 patients and a central bisectionectomy with a caudate lobectomy in 1. A combined portal vein resection was required in 3 patients, and a combined pancreatoduodenectomy was performed in 2 patients. R0 resection was achieved in 5 patients, and all patients tolerated the resection. Three patients died of recurrence, and the remaining 3 were alive without recurrence at the time of publication, 1 of whom has survived >10 years. CONCLUSION: Pre-resection SEMS placement does not preclude a subsequent hepatectomy for patients with advanced perihilar tumors. Salvage hepatectomy, although technically demanding, is feasible and can revise the palliative scenario and benefit selected patients treated initially with an SEMS.
    Surgery 12/2012; · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE:: To review our 34-year experience with 574 consecutive resections for perihilar cholangiocarcinoma and to evaluate the progress made in surgical treatment of this disease. BACKGROUND:: Few studies have reported improved surgical outcomes for perihilar cholangiocarcinoma; therefore, it is still unclear whether surgical treatment of this intractable disease has progressed. METHODS:: Between April 1977 and December 2010, a total of 754 consecutive patients with perihilar cholangiocarcinoma were treated, of whom 574 (76.1%) underwent resection. The medical records of these resected patients were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS:: The incidence of major hepatectomies has increased, and limited resections, including central hepatectomies and bile duct resections, were rarely performed. Combined vascular resection was being used more often. Operative time has become shorter, and intraoperative blood loss has also decreased significantly. Because of refinements in surgical techniques and perioperative management, morbidity decreased significantly but was still high, with a rate of 43.1% in the last 5 years. Mortality rate has also decreased significantly (P < 0.001) from 11.1% (8/72) before 1990 to 1.4% (3/218) in the last 5 years. The ratio of advanced disease defined as pStage IVA and IVB has increased significantly from 49.4% before 2000 to 61.4% after 2001. The disease-specific survival for the 574 study patients (including all deaths) was 44.3% at year 3, 32.5% at year 5, and 19.9% at year 10. The survival was significantly better in the later period of 2001 to 2010 than in the earlier period of 1977 to 2000 (38.1% vs 23.1% at year 5, P < 0.001). For pM0, R0, and pN0 patients (n = 243), the survival in the later period was good with 67.1% at year 5, which was significantly better than that of the earlier period (P < 0.001). For pM0, R0, and pN1 patients (n = 142), however, the survival in the later period was similar to that of the earlier period (22.1% vs 14.6% at year 5, P = 0.647). Multivariate analysis revealed that lymph node metastasis was the strongest prognostic indicator. CONCLUSIONS:: Surgical treatment of perihilar cholangiocarcinoma has been evolving steadily, with expanded surgical indication, decreased mortality, and increased survival. Survival for R0 and pN0 patients was satisfactory, whereas survival for pN1 patients was still poor, suggesting that establishment of effective adjuvant chemotherapy is needed.
    Annals of surgery 10/2012; · 7.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Arguments against biliary drainage before pancreatoduodenectomy have been gaining momentum recently. The benefits of biliary drainage before hepatobiliary resection, ie, combined liver and extrahepatic bile duct resection, however, are still debatable. OBJECTIVE: To review the outcomes of patients who underwent hepatobiliary resection, with special attention to preoperative biliary drainage, to investigate whether biliary drainage increases the risk of postoperative infectious complications. METHODS: This study involved 587 patients who underwent hepatobiliary resection with cholangiojejunostomy, including 475 patients who underwent preoperative biliary drainage and 112 patients who did not. Before each operation, surveillance bile cultures were performed at least once a week. Postoperatively, the bile and drainage fluid were cultured on days 1, 4, and 7. The hospital records of consecutive patients who underwent hepatobiliary resection were reviewed retrospectively. RESULTS: Of the 475 patients with biliary drainage, 356 (74.9%) had a positive bile culture during the preoperative period. The incidence of postoperative infectious complications, including surgical-site infection and bacteremia, was similar between patients with biliary drainage and those without (28.2% vs 28.6%, P = .939). A positive bile culture during the perioperative period was highly associated with infectious complications and was one of the independent predictive factors related to infectious complications in a multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: Preoperative biliary drainage is unlikely to increase the incidence of infectious complications after hepatobiliary resection. Perioperative surveillance bile culture is useful for the perioperative selection of appropriate antibiotics because of the high likelihood that micro-organisms isolated from infected sites are identical to those isolated from bile.
    Surgery 10/2012; · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between changes in procoagulant/fibrinolytic factors and thrombotic complications following a major hepatectomy. Little information is available regarding the changes in procoagulant/fibrinolytic factors (such as the von Willebrand factor [vWF] and a disintegrin and metalloprotease with a thrombospondin type 1 motif, member 13 [ADAMTS13]), following a major hepatectomy. DESIGN Patients who underwent a major hepatectomy from 2010 to 2011 were enrolled. Patients who underwent a pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) during the same period were also observed as controls, for whom operation time and amount of intraoperative blood loss were comparable to those of the patients who underwent a major hepatectomy. Blood samples were prospectively collected to measure various procoagulant/fibrinolytic factors, including vWF and ADAMTS13. SETTING Nagoya University Hospital, Japan. PATIENTS A total of 50 patients who underwent a major hepatectomy and a total of 23 patients who underwent a PD. RESULTS The levels of vWF in the patients who underwent a major hepatectomy increased from before the operation to the seventh postoperative day and were significantly higher than those observed in the patients who underwent a PD. The ADAMTS13 activity in the patients who underwent a major hepatectomy gradually decreased throughout the first 14 postoperative days. In contrast, ADAMTS13 activity in the patients who underwent a PD returned to nearly normal levels within 2 weeks. Three patients who underwent a major hepatectomy had clinically significant thrombotic complications within the first 2 weeks after surgery; however, none of the patients who underwent a PD had thrombotic complications. The vWF to ADAMTS13 ratios of the 3 patients who experienced thrombotic complications were extremely high even before the occurrence of complications. No other procoagulant/fibrinolytic factors showed a marked association with thrombotic events. The vWF to ADAMTS13 ratio was significantly correlated with the estimated liver remnant volume (P < .001) but not with other preoperative or intraoperative factors. CONCLUSIONS The vWF to ADAMTS13 ratio may be a potentially useful marker in predicting thrombotic complications following a major hepatectomy.
    Archives of surgery (Chicago, Ill.: 1960) 10/2012; 147(10):909-17. · 4.32 Impact Factor
  • Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 10/2012; 39(10):1483-5.
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    ABSTRACT: A 65-year-old female was diagnosed with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma involving the inferior vena cava (IVC). The patient underwent right trisectionectomy and caudate lobectomy with bile duct resection and concomitant resection of the IVC. The IVC was reconstructed using the right external iliac vein. Histologically, the tumor had invaded the IVC. Despite the administration of postoperative prophylactic anticoagulant therapy, IVC thrombosis developed, probably due to the difference in diameter between the IVC and the graft. Following the development of collateral vessels, the patient was discharged and is now healthy without recurrence 18 months after surgery. IVC reconstruction using an external iliac vein graft may lead to the development of IVC thrombosis. Therefore, the graft used for IVC reconstruction should be very carefully selected.
    Surgery Today 09/2012; · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of unresectable multiple liver metastases, in which there was such a good response to panitumumab as third-line chemotherapy, that they were converted into resectable metastases. A 67-year-old man was admitted to our department for rectal cancer with synchronous unresectable multiple liver metastases. After the primary lesion was resected, modified FOLFOX6 regimen was started as first-line chemotherapy. After 10 courses of FOLFOX6 followed by 14 courses of sLV5FU2 regimen, the liver metastases became smaller and were thought to be resectable. Before hepatectomy, we performed portal vein embolization to enlarge the remnant liver, but the tumor grew larger again and we had to cancel the operation. Then, the second-line chemotherapy with FOLFIRI regimen failed. As third-line chemotherapy, panitumumab alone was administered to him and the tumor greatly shrank after 5 courses. We were able to resect the liver metastases with extended right posterior segmentectomy and partial resection. He has been well without recurrence for one year since hepatectomy. This case is rare in that panitumumab alone as third-line chemotherapy shrank unresectable liver metastases and made them resectable. The result is highly suggestive for management, including chemotherapy and operation of multiple liver metastases from colorectal cancer.
    Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 07/2012; 39(7):1143-5.

Publication Stats

401 Citations
5 Downloads
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165.48 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2007–2014
    • Nagoya University
      • Division of Surgery
      Nagoya, Aichi, Japan
  • 2013
    • Aichi Cancer Center
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan