Tsuyoshi Igami

Nagoya University, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan

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Publications (84)170.78 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma involving all major hepatic veins was diagnosed in a 62-year-old man. Multidetector-row computed tomography showed a massive tumor occupying segments 2-5, 7, and 8, with invasion of all major hepatic veins, although the inferior right hepatic vein, draining the venous flow of segment 6, was clearly visualized. Therefore, we planned an extended left trisectionectomy, involving resection of segments 1-5, 7, and 8, with extrahepatic bile duct resection and concomitant resection of all major hepatic veins. We performed portal vein embolization of the right anterior portal branch and the portal branch of segment 7 to identify the demarcation between segments 6 and 7 on the surface of the right lobe. We were able to divide the hepatic parenchyma between segments 6 and 7 and the planned surgery was accomplished, with repositioning of the confluence of the inferior right hepatic vein to prevent outflow blockage. The histological findings were pT3N0M0, Grade2, Stage III, and R0 resection, according to the UICC classification (seventh edition). Although remnant liver metastases were detected 75 months after surgery, the patient is still alive and being treated with chemotherapy, 88 months after surgery. We report this case to demonstrate how using portal vein embolization to identify the hepatic segment helps accomplish extended hepatectomy preserving only one segment and that R0 resection by extended hepatectomy with concomitant resection of all hepatic veins can achieve a satisfactory outcome.
    Surgery Today 10/2014; · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Biliary strictures following laparoscopic cholecystectomy (Lap-C), which are often associated with vascular injuries, remain a serious problem to manage. The aim of this study was to review our experiences with postoperative biliary stricture.Methods This study involved 14 consecutive patients with biliary strictures that resulted from bile duct injuries during Lap-C between 1997 and 2013. Their medical records were retrospectively analyzed.ResultsPercutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) catheter dilatation was first attempted in eight patients, and five patients were successfully treated. Biliary re-stricture recurred in one patient after 34-month follow-up period. This patient underwent repeated catheter dilatations, which led to recurrent stricture resolution. All five patients maintained biliary tract patency over 72-month follow-up period. The remaining nine patients underwent surgical procedures, including hepaticojejunostomy in two patients, re-hepaticojejunostomy in two patients, and the remaining five patients, with biliary strictures involving the secondary biliary branch and concomitant vascular injuries underwent right hemihepatectomy with cholangiojejunostomy. There were no major postoperative complications. After 80-month follow-up period, all nine patients were alive without biliary stricture.ConclusionsPTBD catheter dilatation is recommended first for postoperative Lap-C-associated biliary strictures. In complicated injury patients with vascular injuries, right hemihepatectomy with cholangiojejunostomy should be indicated.
    Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences. 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Left hepatic trisectionectomy is a challenging procedure. For an anatomically correct resection, it is necessary to have understanding of the right intersectional plane; however, little is known on this issue. The purpose of this study was to investigate the 3D anatomy of the right intersectional plane and to enable safe and precise left trisectionectomy.
    World journal of surgery. 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatectomy for an invisible small tumor using intraoperative ultrasonography requires technical ingenuity. We used a 3D print of a liver to perform a hepatectomy on two patients with synchronous multiple liver metastases from colorectal cancer. Because of preoperative chemotherapy, one of the tumors became smaller and invisible to ultrasonography in each case. We present our procedure here.
    World journal of surgery. 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) has been performed for patients with gallbladder stones but without acute cholecystitis. We report our experience of performing SILC for patients with cholecystitis requiring percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PTGBD).
    Surgery Today 08/2014; · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) has recommended that cancers with liver involvement be graded T2b and those with portal vein involvement be graded T3, although the value of staging as prognostic factors remains unclear. We evaluated the current definition of the T2/3 tumors for perihilar cholangiocarcinoma.
    World journal of surgery. 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Hilar cholangiocarcinoma is clinically characterized by biliary obstruction in the porta hepatis. Because the boundary between the intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile duct is unclear, hilar cholangiocarcinoma can potentially arise from both ducts. Therefore, the definition of hilar cholangiocarcinoma remains under debate. In November 2013, the 6th edition of the General Rules for Clinical and Pathological Studies on Cancer of the Biliary Tract was released, following the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) or International Union Against Cancer (UICC) TNM system. In that edition, as an alternative to "hilar cholangiocarcinoma," the new term "perihilar cholangiocarcinoma" is defined as cholangiocarcinoma involving the perihilar bile duct, despite the presence or absence of a significant liver mass component. This definition clearly indicates that some intrahepatic as well as extrahepatic perihilar tumors are involved in the perihilar tumor category. From the clinical point of view, there is no need for a differential diagnosis between intrahepatic or extrahepatic tumors therefore, the new definition is readily applicable in multidisciplinary team management. Japanese clinicians were previously required to distinguish between the proper use of the AJCC/UICC and the Japanese staging systems, but now the current revision will allow the more convenient use of a single, globally standardized staging system in daily practice.
    Nihon Geka Gakkai zasshi. 07/2014; 115(4):201-5.
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    ABSTRACT: Perihilar cholangiocarcinomas often involve the bifurcation of the portal vein and the hepatic artery at initial presentation. Previously, vascular invasion was a major obstacle for R0 resection; therefore, such tumors were regarded as locally advanced, unresectable disease. Recently, in leading centers, these tumors have been resected using a specific technique, vascular resection and reconstruction. Vascular resection is classified into three types: portal vein resection alone, hepatic artery resection alone, and simultaneous resection of both the portal vein and hepatic artery. Of these, portal vein resection is widely performed, whereas hepatic artery resection remains controversial. Therefore, hepatectomy combined with simultaneous resection of the portal vein and hepatic artery represents one of the most complicated and challenging procedures in hepatobiliary surgery. The survival benefit of this extended procedure remains unproven, and there is only a single study reporting an unexpectedly favorable outcome in 50 patients. Considering the dismal survival in patients with unresectable disease, hepatic artery resection and/or portal vein resection may be a promising option of choice. However, the technique is highly demanding and has not been standardized. Therefore, this extended surgery may be allowed only in selected hepatobiliary centers.
    Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Background Previously, we reported on the clinical efficacy and safety of portal vein embolization (PVE) with fibrin glue. Our embolic materials for PVE changed from fibrin glue to absolute ethanol (EOH) after 2001 due to prohibition of using fibrin glue for PVE. With introducing our technique of PVE with EOH, we evaluated its safety and efficacy with attention to the amount of EOH.Methods The medical records of 154 patients who underwent PVE using EOH were retrospectively reviewed.ResultsChanges with time in both the serum levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) after PVE returned to the initial condition within 7 days after PVE. In the 96 patients who underwent CT volumerty 14 to 21 days after PVE, the volume of the embolized lobe decreased from 701 ± 165 cm3 to 549 ± 148 cm3 (P < 0.0001). Meanwhile, the volume of the non-embolized lobe increased from 388 ± 105 cm3 to 481 ± 113 cm3 (P < 0.0001). On simple linear regression, the amount of EOH was positively correlated with both the maximum of AST and that of ALT after PVE; however, it never correlated with changes in liver volume after PVE.Conclusions Portal vein embolization with EOH has a substantial effect on both hypertrophy of the non-embolized lobe and atrophy of the embolized lobe. Quick recoveries of changes with time in AST and ALT after PVE proved that PVE with EOH is a safe procedure. The amount of EOH affected the extent of liver damage but had no clinical effects on changes in liver volume after PVE.
    Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences. 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper, we propose an automated biliary tract extraction method from abdominal CT volumes. The biliary tract is the path by which bile is transported from liver to the duodenum. No extraction method have been reported for the automated extraction of the biliary tract from common contrast CT volumes. Our method consists of three steps including: (1) extraction of extrahepatic bile duct (EHBD) candidate regions, (2) extraction of intrahepatic bile duct (IHBD) candidate regions, and (3) combination of these candidate regions. The IHBD has linear structures and intensities of the IHBD are low in CT volumes. We use a dark linear structure enhancement (DLSE) filter based on a local intensity structure analysis method using the eigenvalues of the Hessian matrix for the IHBD candidate region extraction. The EHBD region is extracted using a thresholding process and a connected component analysis. In the combination process, we connect the IHBD candidate regions to each EHBD candidate region and select a bile duct region from the connected candidate regions. We applied the proposed method to 22 cases of CT volumes. An average Dice coefficient of extraction result was 66.7%.
    SPIE Medical Imaging; 03/2014
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    ABSTRACT: Cholangiocarcinomas exhibit various modes of local extension, and some tumors can only be completely resected by hepatopancreatoduodenectomy (HPD), which is defined as the resection of the whole extrahepatic biliary system with the adjacent liver and pancreatoduodenum. Since Takasaki et al. introduced HPD for locally advanced gallbladder cancer in 1980, Japanese hepatobiliary surgeons have aggressively challenged this extended procedure for advanced biliary tumors. Early experiences with HPD were frequently associated with liver failure and sequential mortality, leading to an underestimation of the survival benefit of HPD. However, with improvements in surgical techniques and perioperative patient care, including portal vein embolization, over the last two decades, the mortality rate after HPD has gradually decreased. Recent studies have demonstrated a favorable survival in cholangiocarcinoma, provided that R0 resection is achieved. In contrast, HPD for gallbladder cancer remains controversial because of the extremely poor survival, although the study populations have been limited. HPD can be performed with low mortality and offers a better probability of long-term survival in patients with cholangiocarcinoma. We should consider HPD to be a standard approach for laterally advanced cholangiocarcinomas that are otherwise unresectable.
    Journal of hepato-biliary-pancreatic sciences. 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Right-sided hepatectomy is often selected for perihilar cholangiocarcinoma because the extrahepatic portion of the left hepatic duct is longer than that of the right hepatic duct. However, the length of resected left hepatic duct in right-sided hepatectomy has not been reported. Patients who underwent right-sided hepatectomy for perihilar cholangiocarcinoma were reviewed retrospectively. Trisectionectomies were performed according to a previously reported technique of anatomical right hepatic trisectionectomy. Right hepatectomy was performed according to standard operative procedures. The length of resected left hepatic duct was measured. Thirty-three patients underwent right trisectionectomy and 141 had a right hemihepatectomy. Patients having a trisectionectomy had more advanced tumours and so required combined portal vein resection more frequently. Duration of surgery and blood loss were similar in the two groups. Morbidity and mortality rates tended to be higher following hemihepatectomy than after trisectionectomy. The mean(s.d.) length of resected left hepatic duct was significantly greater in trisectionectomy than in hemihepatectomy (25·0(6·9) versus 14·8(5·3) mm; P < 0·001). In patients with Bismuth type IV tumours, the percentage of negative left hepatic duct margins was significantly higher for trisectionectomy than for hemihepatectomy (89 versus 57 per cent; P = 0·021). Achievement of R0 resection was similar and survival did not differ between the two groups, despite different tumour load. Compared with right hemihepatectomy, anatomical right hepatic trisectionectomy provides a greater length of resected hepatic duct, leading to a high proportion of negative proximal ductal margins even in patients with Bismuth type IV tumours.
    British Journal of Surgery 01/2014; · 4.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background The presence of cholangitis has been shown to impair liver regeneration capacity after major hepatectomy in a rat cholangitis model. It is unclear, however, whether the presence of cholangitis has any impact on liver generation in clinical settings. Objective To determine the effects of preoperative cholangitis on hepatic regeneration rates after preoperative portal vein embolizations (PVEs) and postoperative courses after major hepatectomies in humans. Methods From 1991 to 2012, 450 patients underwent preoperative PVEs and subsequent major hepatectomies. Among them, 72 patients (16.0%) had preoperative cholangitis. The volume change of the nonembolized lobe after PVE and the postoperative outcomes after a major hepatectomy were compared between cholangitis and noncholangitis groups. Results The average volume increase in the nonembolized lobe after PVE was almost identical in both the cholangitis (10.0%) and noncholangitis (9.5%) groups. The average term required to acquire institutional safety criteria, however, was longer in the cholangitis group (24.3 days) compared with the noncholangitis group (18.3 days) (P < .001). The postoperative maximum serum total bilirubin levels (5.7 mg/dL vs 8.1 mg/dL, P = .035), morbidity rate (56% vs 78%, P = .001), and postoperative hospital stay (44 days vs 53 days, P = .021) were all greater in the cholangitis group compared with the noncholangitis group. With multivariate logistic regression analyses, the presence of preoperative cholangitis was identified as one of the independent risk factors for postoperative morbidity. Conclusion These results indicate that patients with preoperative cholangitis should be carefully managed during their perioperative periods of PVE and after major hepatectomies.
    Surgery 01/2014; · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The issue on timing and number of bile sampling for exfoliative bile cytology is still unsettled. A total of 100 patients with cholangiocarcinoma undergoing resection after external biliary drainage were randomized into two groups: a 2-day group where bile was sampled five times per day for 2 days; and a 10-day group where bile was sampled once per day for 10 days (registered University Hospital Medical Information Network/ID 000005983). The outcome of 87 patients who underwent laparotomy was analyzed, 44 in the 2-day group and 43 in the 10-day group. There were no significant differences in patient characteristics between the two groups. Positivity after one sampling session was significantly lower in the 2-day group than in the 10-day group (17.0 ± 3.7% vs. 20.7 ± 3.5%, P = 0.034). However, cumulative positivity curves were similar and overlapped each other between both groups. The final cumulative positivity by the 10th sampling session was 52.3% in the 2-day group and 51.2% in the 10-day group. We observed a small increase in cumulative positivity after the 5th or 6th session in both groups. Bile cytology positivity is unlikely to be affected by sample time.
    Journal of hepato-biliary-pancreatic sciences. 12/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: In 2011, the International Study Group of Liver Surgery defined posthepatectomy liver failure using the prothrombin time-international normalized ratio (PT-INR) and total serum bilirubin concentration (T-Bil). Data analyzing the clinical impact of PT-INR and T-Bil on postoperative mortality, however, remain limited, especially for major hepatectomy with extrahepatic bile duct resection (HEBR). Prospectively collected data from 545 patients who underwent HEBR in a single institution from 2002 to 2011 were analyzed. Receiver operating characteristics (ROC) analyses of PT-INR and T-Bil on postoperative days (POD) 1, 3, and 5 were used to determine optimal cu-off values for predicting postoperative mortality. Most of the treated diseases were biliary tract cancers, including perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (n = 418), gallbladder carcinoma (n = 52), and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (n = 27). The mean values for PT-INR and T-Bil on POD 1, 3, and 5 were significantly greater in the patients who died owing to postoperative complications than in the patients who survived. On POD 5, the area under the ROC curve for predicting postoperative mortality and the optimal cutoff value for PT-INR were 0.876 and 1.68, respectively, whereas those of T-Bil were 0.889 and 4.0 mg/dL, respectively. A combination of PT-INR and T-Bil showed strong predictive power (ie, >40% of the patients with values beyond the cutoff value for both PT-INR and T-Bil on POD 5 died). We recommend monitoring both PT-INR and T-Bil to predict accurately which patients are at a high risk after HEBR.
    Surgery 11/2013; · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct (IPNB) is a presumed precursor lesion in biliary carcinogenesis, clinicopathologically overlapping with papillary cholangiocarcinomas (PCC); however, because IPNB has no standardized definition, this relationship remains equivocal. Herein, we aimed to develop a new prognostic model for PCC by focusing on the invasive proportion. Among 644 patients with resected cholangiocarcinoma (1998-2011), 184 (28%) had intraductal, exophytic, papillary lesions. These were divided into 4 subsets based on the invasive component: Noninvasive (PCC-1; n = 14), ≤10% (PCC-2; n = 32), 11-50% (PCC-3; n = 60), and >50% (PCC-4; n = 78). The remaining 460 were identified as non-PCCs (NPCC). Invasion beyond the duct wall and regional lymph node metastases were more frequent in NPCC than PCC (P < .001 for both). Five-year survival was better for PCC (55%) than NPCC (35%; P < .001), indicating the papillary component to be a significant, independent prognosticator. PCC-4 and NPCC had similar clinicopathologic features and overlapping survival curves: 33% and 35% at 5 years (P = .835), both less than those of PCC-1, PCC-2, and PCC-3 (respectively, 92%, 74%, and 64% at 5 years; P < .005 in all combinations). Multivariate analysis in PCC showed >50% invasive component, nodal metastasis, and a positive operative margin as independent predictors. PCC survival decreased with progression of the invasive component. PCC with >50% invasive component was clinicopathologically similar to NPCC. Although IPNB might be nosologically applied only for PCC cases with ≤50% invasive component, the present prognostic delineation suggests that all PCC subgroups belonged to a singular disease group.
    Surgery 11/2013; · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of successful right hepatectomy plus pancreatoduodenectomy (Rt-HPD) with arterial reconstruction for extrahepatic bile duct carcinoma with obstruction of the celiac axis in a 76-year-old man. Obstruction of the celiac axis resulted in arterial blood supply to the upper abdominal organs coming from the pancreatic head arcade. The patient underwent arterial reconstruction before the Rt-HPD to maintain the blood supply from the pancreatic head arcade for as long as possible. His postoperative course was uneventful and he was well with no sign of recurrence when last seen, 64 months after surgery. To our knowledge, this is the first description of this modified HPD with arterial reconstruction. Thus, rational surgical planning based on careful preoperative assessment would expand the indications for HPD, even for patients with celiac axis obstruction requiring arterial reconstruction.
    Surgery Today 10/2013; · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The International Study Group of Liver Surgery (ISGLS) has defined bile leakage as a drain fluid-to-serum total bilirubin concentration (TBC) ratio (the bilirubin ratio) ≥3.0. The aim of the present study was to determine the clinical significance of this definition, and to outline characteristics of bile leakage in complex hepatectomy. The TBCs of the serum and drain fluid were measured on postoperative days (POD) 1, 3, and 7 in 241 patients who had undergone hepatobiliary resection. The validation of the bilirubin ratio and predictors of bile leakage were retrospectively assessed. Grade A, B, or C bile leakage was found in 23 (9.5 %), 66 (27.4 %), and 0 patients, respectively. The median duration of drainage was 27 days in grade B bile leakage. The sensitivity and specificity of the bilirubin ratio for detecting grade B bile leakage were 59 and 87 %, respectively. The area under the receiver operating characteristics curve of the drain fluid TBC on POD 3 had the highest predictive value: 68 % sensitivity and 76 % specificity for a drain fluid TBC of 3.7 mg/dL. The multivariate analysis demonstrated that operative time, left trisectionectomy, bilirubin ratio, and TBC of the drain fluid on POD 3 were independent predictors of grade B bile leakage. In complex hepatectomy, bile leakage develops most frequently after left trisectionectomy and often results in a refractory clinical course. The ISGLS biochemical definition is valid, and a combination of bilirubin ratio and drain fluid TBC may enhance risk prediction for grade B bile leakage.
    World Journal of Surgery 10/2013; · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Resection of cholangiocarcinoma often results in a positive ductal margin, from carcinoma in situ (CIS) near the main tumor; however, the biological behavior of the residual CIS after surgical resection remains equivocal. We report a case of late local recurrence of CIS, defined as long-term tumor progression from CIS residue at the ductal stump. The patient, a 73-year-old man, had undergone bile duct resection for distal cholangiocarcinoma, leaving positive ductal margins with CIS. A biliary stricture was found 10 years later at the site of anastomosis, and right hepatectomy with pancreatoduodenectomy was performed. Based on histological analogy and the evidence of remnant CIS, a final diagnosis of late local recurrence from the CIS foci was made. This uncommon mode of recurrence should be considered in patients with early-stage disease with expected favorable survival because salvage surgery is feasible for selected patients.
    Surgery Today 05/2013; · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: S-1 adjuvant chemotherapy following radical surgery has been the standard therapy for the pStage II/III gastric cancer in Japan. However, there are few reports regarding treatment for gastric cancer recurrence during S-1 therapy. Here, we present a case of recurrent gastric cancer during S-1 adjuvant therapy that showed partial response to CDDP + capecitabine therapy. A 72-year-old man was diagnosed as having gastric cancer. We performed a distal gastrectomy+D2 dissection, with Roux-en Y reconstruction. The patient was treated with S-1 for adjuvant chemotherapy. Six months after operation, multiple mediastinal lymph node recurrence developed. CDDP + CPT-11 was applied for two courses as first-line treatment for the recurrence. However, the disease progressed with worsening mediastinal lymph node metastases (progressive disease). After two courses of CDDP + capecitabine as second-line chemotherapy, the recurrence site became smaller. After five courses, partial response (PR) had been achieved. Two years and five months after gastrectomy, capecitabine monotherapy was applied as third-line chemotherapy.
    Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 04/2013; 40(4):519-22.

Publication Stats

566 Citations
170.78 Total Impact Points


  • 2007–2014
    • Nagoya University
      • Division of Surgery
      Nagoya, Aichi, Japan
  • 2013
    • Aichi Cancer Center
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 2003
    • Kyoto Daini Red Cross Hospital
      Kioto, Kyōto, Japan