ABSTRACT: The optimal duration of concomitant antibiotic therapy after surgical intervention for implant-free chronic osteomyelitis is unknown. No randomized data exist. Available recommendations are based on expert's opinion. We evaluated the duration of post-surgical antibiotic treatment related to remission of chronic osteomyelitis.
This was a retrospective single-centre study at Geneva University Hospitals with a minimal follow-up of two years after treatment. We used multivariate logistic regression analysis with exclusion of pediatric cases and of implant-related chronic osteomyelitis.
A total of 49 episodes of implant-free chronic osteomyelitis in 49 adult patients were studied. The median number of surgical interventions was two (range, 1-10). The median duration of post-debridement antibiotic treatment was eight weeks (range, 4-14 weeks). Thirty-nine patients (80%) were in remission after a minimal follow-up of two years. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, one week of intravenous therapy had the same remission as two to three weeks (0.2, 0.1-1.9) or ≥ 3 weeks (0.3, 0.1-2.4). More than six weeks of total antibiotic treatment equalled ≤ six weeks (0.8, 0.1-5.2).
In chronic osteomyelitis in adults, a post-debridement antibiotic therapy beyond six weeks, or an IV treatment longer than one week, did not show enhanced remission incidences. Prospective randomized trials are required to confirm this observation.
International Orthopaedics 02/2011; 35(11):1725-31. · 2.03 Impact Factor