[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Albizia species are rich in phenolics and terpenes in the different plant organs. They are widely used in traditional Chinese medicine. So this study investigated the phytochemical and biological activities of Albizia Anthelmintica.
Column chromatography has been performed for the isolation of compounds. Bioactivity studies of A. anthelmintica leaves were carried out on aqueous ethanol extract and some pure compounds were tested for their antioxidant activities.
Eight compounds have been isolated for the first time from A. anthelmintica. The aqueous ethanol extract of A. anthelmintica showed moderate anti-inflammatory activity and significant for both analgesic and antioxidant activities. Quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, kaempferol-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, kaempferol-3-O-(6β-O-galloyl-β-D-glucopyranoside and quercetin-3-O-(6β-O-galloyl-β-D-glucopyranoside) exhibited potent antioxidant scavenging activity towards diphenyl-picrylhydrazine.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The methanolic extract of the leaves of Cassia roxburghii DC., was investigated for its anthraquinone glycosides and antioxidant activity. Two new anthraquinone glycosides named emodin 1-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl-(1→2)-glucopyranoside (1) and aloemodin 8-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl-(1→6)-glucopyranoside (2) along with aloemodin 8-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (3), emodin (4), aloemodin (5) and one flavonoid, quercetin-3-O-α-l-rhamnopyranoside, were isolated from the leaves of C. roxburghii. Structures of the isolated compounds were established by UV, HRESI-MS, and 1D/2D (1)H/(13)C NMR spectroscopy. The total extract and some isolated compounds were determined against DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-(2,4,6-trinitrophenyl)hydrazinyl radical, for their free radical scavenging activity, the total alcoholic extract showed strong antioxidant activity while the two new compounds showed weak antioxidant activity.
Carbohydrate research 10/2012; 360:47-51. · 2.03 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Chemical investigation of the chloroform extract of the Egyptian Red Sea soft coral, Heteroxenia ghardaqensis (Family Xeniidae), led to the isolation of three gorgostane derivatives, namely gorgosten-5(E)-3β-ol (1), gorgostan-3β,5α,6β, 11α-tetraol (sarcoaldosterol A) (2) and gorgostan-3β,5α,6β-triol-11α-acetate (3). To our knowledge, sterol 3 is reported in this article for the first time. The structure elucidation of these compounds was deduced by 1-D and 2-D NMR as well as ESIMS. Sterol 1 showed moderate activity as growth inhibitor of human colon tumour cell lines.
Natural product research 09/2012; · 1.01 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Investigation of the aqueous alcoholic extract of Pyruscalleryana Decne. leaves led to the isolation of two new phenolic acids glycosides, namely protocatechuoylcalleryanin-3-O-β-glucopyranoside (1) and 3'-hydroxybenzyl-4-hydroxybenzoate-4'-O-β-glucopyranoside (2), together with nine known compounds among them lanceoloside A and methylgallate, which have been isolated for the first time from the genus Pyrus. Structures of the isolated compounds were established by spectroscopic analysis, including UV, IR, HRESI-MS, and 1D/2D NMR. The total extract and some isolated compounds were determined against DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-(2,4,6-trinitrophenyl) hydrazinyl radical, for their free radical scavenging activity, the total alcoholic extract showed strong antioxidant activity while the two new compounds showed weak antioxidant activity.
Carbohydrate research 01/2011; 346(1):64-7. · 2.03 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Water-distilled essential oil from leaves and flowers of Micromeria nubigena H.B.K. (Lamiaceae) were analyzed by GC and GC/MS systems. The major components identified were thymol (36.9%), carvacrol (16.7%), pulegone (10.8%), caryophyllene oxide (4.6%) and (E)-phytol (3.2%). The major volatiles released by β-glucosidase treatment of the aqueous plant residue were (Z)-3-hexenol (31.2%), (Z)-2-hexenol (18.3%) and δ—cadinene (3.4%). The oil showed significant antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumonia, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and antifungal activity against Candida albicans, Botrytis cinerea and Aspergillus niger, while the β-glucosidase-liberated fraction was inactive.
Journal of Essential Oil Research - J ESSENT OIL RES. 01/2008; 20(5):452-456.