Publications (6)0 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: In general, gastrointestinal motility tests cause pain; therefore, the establishment of noninvasive methods is desired. Noninvasive methods facilitate the measurement of motility close to the normal physiological state, can provide new findings, and may contribute to the development of associated fields. Electrogastrography (EGG) is a gastrointestinal motility test in which gastrointestinal electric activity is measured. Compared with other gastrointestinal motility measurement methods such as the gastric emptying and internal pressure measurement methods, EGG is noninvasive and allows measurement under minimum restriction; therefore, measurement for a long time is also possible. In addition, since gastrointestinal electric activity, which cannot be quantified using other methods, can be measured, EGG is applicable to the evaluation of the state of the body and pathological conditions, and may provide new findings such as those useful for the prevention of gastrointestinal dysfunction associated with various disorders. EGG is also useful for preventing disorders associated with abnormal gastrointestinal activity such as functional dyspepsia, which has been more frequently observed in recent years, and constipation, which is an extremely frequent complaint in the elderly. Thus, EGG is of marked importance in public health. However, the range of EGG utilizations and applications is still limited at present. Therefore, we outlined the measurement/analysis methods, the advantages and problems of EGG and electrogastroenterography (EGEG), described their clinical importance, and also commented on forefront studies on EGG and evaluated its prospects.Nippon Eiseigaku Zasshi (Japanese Journal of Hygiene) 01/2011; 66(1):54-63.
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ABSTRACT: Objectives: To establish a method for the development of a mathematical model of autonomic activity in gastrointestinal movements and to basically evaluate of the application of the nonlinear analysis method to electrogastrography, we performed feature extraction of electrogastrographic changes in healthy elderly and gastrectomized subjects. Methods: The subjects consisted of 9 healthy elderly males and 3 elderly males without constipation who had undergone resection of 2/3 of the stomach. Electrogastrograms were obtained in a sitting position for 30 minutes and in a supine position for 90 minutes. Spectrum analyses of electrographic time series, the maximum Lyapunov exponent for the evaluation of the chaos of dynamic systems forming time series, and translation error for the evaluation of the smoothness of the attractor orbit were performed. Results: The maximum Lyapunov exponent was a positive number in all analysis intervals in all subjects. This suggests the irregularity of electrogastrograms in gastrectomized subjects. The translation error in the gastrectomized subjects was higher than that in the healthy elderly subjects, showing irregularity. However, as a result of spectrum analysis, gastric electric activity was predominant on electrogastrograms of the healthy elderly subjects, but intestinal electric activity was predominant in the gastrectomized subjects. Conclusions: Differentiation between healthy and gastrectomized elderly people is difficult using only one of the spectrum analysis methods, the maximum Lyapunov exponent, or the translation error. However, since the extracted features differed among the 3 analysis methods, differentiation and diagnosis may be possible using a combination of these methods.Nippon Eiseigaku Zasshi (Japanese Journal of Hygiene) 01/2011; 66(1):64-70.
- Autonomic Neuroscience-basic & Clinical - AUTON NEUROSCI-BASIC CLIN. 01/2011; 165(2):211-211.
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ABSTRACT: Objectives: Constipation affects as many as 26% of elderly men and 34% of elderly women and is a problem that has been related to a diminished quality of life. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of aging on electrogastrograms (EGGs). On the basis of the EGGs of elderly individuals, the effect of hot stupe application on the epigastrium was also evaluated. Methods: The first group included 14 healthy, young participants (age, 20-25 years) and the second group comprised 14 healthy, elderly participants (age, 65-76 years). EGGs were obtained for the first 30 min in a sitting position and for the next period (> 150 min) in a supine position. A hot stupe was placed on the epigastrium of each elderly patient 90 min after the postural change. We evaluated EGGs by spectral analysis and nonlinear analysis. Results: On comparing the gastrointestinal electrical activity of the elderly group with that of the young group, the activity in the former revealed an overall decrease. With hot stupe application, translation error in the elderly individuals was significantly larger than that without hot stupe application (p < 0.01). We also observed a gender-specific characteristic, wherein the gastrointestinal motility of the young women was likely only influenced by postural change. Moreover, the translation error in the EGGs of the elderly individuals increased during hot stupe heating. Conclusions: This increase in the translation error suggests that the electrical synergy between the stomach and intestine could be enhanced by the application of a hot stupe. Our findings also indicated that hot stupe application on the epigastrium was effective for improving gastrointestinal motility in elderly individuals.Nippon Eiseigaku Zasshi (Japanese Journal of Hygiene) 01/2011; 66(1):71-6.
Conference Proceeding: Effect of an Eyesight Recovering Stereoscopic Movie System on Visual Acuity and Asthenopia.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Relaxing the contracted muscles involved in focus-adjustment around the eyeball, such as the ciliary body and extraocular muscles, is expected to improve pseudomyopia. This hypothesis has led to the development of Dr.REX—an apparatus for recovering eyesight by using a stereoscopic video. In this study, we verified the effects of this apparatus on visual acuity and asthenopia in the short and medium terms. Thirty-two myopic Japanese students participated in this study. We compared the severity of asthenopia in subjects who used Dr.REX and in those who performed close work on video display terminals (VDTs). We determined that the use of the apparatus improved visual acuity in both the short and medium terms. In addition, asthenopia seemed to be less severe in subjects who used Dr.Rex than in those who performed close work on VDTs.Virtual and Mixed Reality, Third International Conference, VMR 2009, Held as Part of HCI International 2009, San Diego, CA, USA, July 19-24, 2009. Proceedings; 01/2009
Conference Proceeding: Effect of a Stereoscopic Movie on the Correlation between Head Acceleration and Body Sway.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Visually induced motion sickness (VIMS) is caused by sensory conflict, the disagreement between vergence and visual accommodation while observing stereoscopic images. VIMS can be measured by psychological and physiological methods. We quantitatively measured the head acceleration and body sway before and during exposure to a conventional 3D movie. The subjects wore a head mount display and maintained the Romberg posture for the first 60 s and a wide stance (midlines of the heels 20 cm apart) for the next 60 s. Head acceleration was measured using an Active Tracer with 50 Hz sampling. The Simulator Sickness Questioner (SSQ) was completed immediately afterward. For the SSQ sub-scores and each index for stabilograms, we employed two-way ANOVA with leg postures and presence/absence of stereoscopic images as factors. Moreover, we assumed that the input signal was the head acceleration in the transfer system to control the body sway and estimate the transfer function.Virtual and Mixed Reality, Third International Conference, VMR 2009, Held as Part of HCI International 2009, San Diego, CA, USA, July 19-24, 2009. Proceedings; 01/2009