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Publications (9)3.11 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: There are several stratification scales of major cardiovascular events rate for patients have gone through acute coronary syndrome (ACS). None of them is perfect one. Arterial hypertension is included into some scales for post ACS patients but the features of it and its impact on coronary artery disease after ACS have never studied before. We studied the reasonability of Pulse Wave Velocity (PWV) measurement for fatal events rate in hypertensive patients have gone through ACS. 326 patients were examined. They were enrolled into the study in stable condition on 10th day after ACS has occurred. As a result of two years observation the increase PWV on carotid-femoral segment associated with the most negative (fatal) events in hypertensive patients have gone through ACS.
    Kardiologiia 01/2012; 52(2):4-11. · 0.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The polymorphic markers Ala455Val of the THBD gene and Arg353Gln of the F7 gene were tested for association with the frequency of unfavorable outcomes in patients with a history of acute ischemic heart disease. The study involved 1145 patients hospitalized in cardiology clinics of Moscow, St. Petersburg, Kazan, Chelyabinsk, Perm, Stavropol, and Rostov-on-Don because of acute ischemic heart disease. The patients were followed up for up to 62.5 months. None of the markers displayed a significant association with the time to an endpoint. The patients were then grouped by sex. In females, the frequency of unfavorable outcomes (fatal or nonfatal myocardial infarction and fatal or nonfatal stroke) was higher in carriers of allele Val of the Ala344Val polymorphic marker of the THBD gene and carriers of genotype Arg/Arg of the Arg353Gln polymorphic marker of the F7 gene, but the difference was not statistically significant. Such an increase in frequency was not observed in males. To study the combined effect of the polymorphic markers of the THBD and F7 genes, the course of ischemic heart disease was compared for two female subgroups. One included carriers of allele Val of the Ala344Val polymorphic marker of the THBD gene and genotype Arg/Arg of the Arg353Gln polymorphic marker of the F7 gene; the other subgroup included carriers ofgenotype Ala/Ala of the Ala455Val polymorphic marker of the THBD gene and allele Gln of the Arg353Gln polymorphic marker of the F7 gene. The frequency of unfavorable outcomes in the first subgroup was higher than in the second one. The time to an endpoin was 40.5 months (95% confidence interval (CI) 33.5-47.6) in the first subgroup and 51.6 months (95% CI 45.0-58.1) in the second subgroup (chi2 = 4.15, P = 0.042). The results made it possible to assume that the F7 and THBD genes play an important role in genetic predisposition to unfavorable outcomes in patients with a history of acute ischemic heart disease.
    Genetika 10/2011; 47(10):1386-92. · 0.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: With the aim to assess prevalence of aortic stenosis (AS) and prognostic value of its detection among survivors of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) we examined 851 patients included into multicenter prospective study of risk factors of serious vascular events and death after acute coronary syndrome. The patients were enrolled into the study in stable condition on 10th day after onset of myocardial infarction (MI) or unstable angina (UA). Examination involved medical history, laboratory tests and echocardiography. Afterwards all cases of death and serious vascular events were registered. Severity of AS was specified by maximal aortic flow rate: 1st degree > 2.5, 2nd degree 3.0-4.0, 3rd degree > 4.0 m/s. AS was detected in 16 patients (1.9%). AS severity was 1st, 2nd and 3rd degree in 9, 4 and 3 patients, respectively. Patients with AS were significantly older (77.4 vs. 61.3 years, p < 0.001), more often had history of chronic heart failure (CHF) (81.3 vs. 53.2%, p = 0.021) and lowered renal function (66.7 vs. 34.0%, p < 0.041). At multifactorial analysis independent prognostic value in relation to development of serious events showed age > 75 years (OR 1,395 [1.023-1.902], p = 0.036), history of CHF (1.319 [1.015-1.713], p = 0.038), history of MI (1.692 [1.320-2.170], p < 0.001), left ventricular diastolic dimention (1.023 [1.005-1.041], p = 0.012), left atrial diameter (1.024 [1.001-1.047], p = 0.037) and presence of AS (3.211 [1.742-.,916], p < 0.001). Prevalence of preexisting AS among patients who have had MI/UA is 1.9% what is similar to data of European Heart Survey ACS-II (1.8%). Presence of AS of any severity in a survivor of ACS worsens prognosis independently of other known risk factors.
    Kardiologiia 01/2011; 51(1):23-8. · 0.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Prognostication of the course of disease in patients with high risk of unfavorable outcome of ischemic heart disease (IHD) is of great importance for creation of individualized strategy of treatment. We have investigated contribution of levels of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and genetic factors in the risk of development of complications of atherosclerosis in patients who have had acute coronary syndrome. We started to follow 324 patients on day 10 of stable state after acute coronary syndrome (55.1% with Q-wave myocardial infarction, 18.5% with non-Q myocardial infarction, 25.5% with unstable angina, men BNP level 624.5+/-32.13 mol/ml [70.3 - 4276.6]). Duration of followup was 2 years. Baseline BNP level in patients with unfavorable outcome during followup (fatal and nonfatal myocardial infarction and stroke) was 872.47+/-91.42 compared with 592.45+/-35.97 mol/ml in patients without unfavorable outcome (p=0,001). Multifactorial Cox analysis showed that carriage of T allele of polymorphic marker (--1654) of protein C gene, elevated BNP level, symptomatic atherosclerosis of peripheral arteries, history of MI, and use of thiazide diuretics were independently associated with unfavorable outcomes (p=0.026, <0.0001, <0.0001, =0.001, =0.024, respectively). Thus genetic factors and study of BNP allow to improve prediction of unfavorable outcome after exacerbation of IHD.
    Kardiologiia 01/2011; 51(2):26-33. · 0.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We studied relation between cystatin C level and risk of unfavorable outcome (unstable angina, fatal and nonfatal myocardial infarction [MI], fatal and nonfatal stroke, and death) in patients stabilized after exacerbation of ischemic heart disease. Patients (n=272) were included on day 10 after onset of acute coronary syndrome. No relationship between studied outcomes and cystatin was found in a group as a whole. In patients with normal of slightly reduced renal function (glomerular filtration rate more or equal 60 ml/min/1.73 m2) unfavorable outcomes were independently associated with history of myocardial infarction and stroke, elevated levels of brain natriuretic peptide and cystatin. In subjects with moderately or severely reduced renal function elevation of cystatin level lost its significance. Risk of development of unfavorable outcomes among these subjects was independently related to history of MI and GFR <60 ml/min/1.73 m2 (OR 2.130, 95% CI 1.010-4,489; =0,047). Our data confirm possibility of use of cystatin C level measured early after ACS in patients with normal or slightly lowered renal function as a parameter characterizing risk of cardiovascular complications and death.
    Kardiologiia 01/2011; 51(6):4-10. · 0.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the association of gene IL6 G(-174)C polymorphism and gene IL10 G(-1082)A polymorphism with coronary artery disease (CAD) in the Russian population. A total of 1145 patients with CAD diagnose on the basis of clinical studies in cardiological hospitals of Moscow, St -Petersburg, Kazan, Chelyabinsk, Perm, Stavropol and Rostov-on-Don. Supervision term was 9.10 +/- 5.03 months (the maximum term 18 months). In case of gene IL10 G(-1082)A polymorphism we determined that patients with CAD diagnose and A alleles gene IL10 had unfavorable outcome more often than patients with homozygous G alleles. Survival time from end point from carrier genotype GA and AA is 11.68 +/- 0.67 months against 12.69 +/- 0.65 months from carrier phenotype GG gene IL10 (chi2 = 4.13, p = 0.042). The group studied do not differ significantly with respect to the distributions of gene IL6 G(-174)C alleles and genotypes. However in case combined group studies of gene IL10 G(-1082)A polymorphism and IL6 G(-174)C polymorphism we determined that patients with CAD diagnose and carrier genotype GG gene IL6 and genotype GA and AA gene IL10 had unfavorable outcome more often (survival time 11.01 +/- 1.24 months) than patients with genotype CC and CG gene IL6 and genotype GG gene IL10 (survival time 13.28 +/- 0.83 months) chi2 = 10.23, p = 0.017. The obtained data allows assuming the important role of the IL6 and IL10 genes which are responsible for functioning of inflammation system, in the accelerated formation of failures at the patients who had a coronary syndrome.
    Molekuliarnaia biologiia 01/2010; 44(5):839-46.
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    ABSTRACT: The polymorphic markers Ala455Val of the THBD gene and Arg353Gln of the F7 gene were tested for association with the frequency of unfavorable outcomes in patients with a history of acute ischemic heart disease. The study involved 1145 patients hospitalized in cardiology clinics of Moscow, St. Petersburg, Kazan, Chelyabinsk, Perm, Stavropol, and Rostov-on-Don because of acute ischemic heart disease. The patients were followed up for up to 62.5 months. None of the markers displayed a significant association with the time to an endpoint. The patients were then grouped by sex. In females, the frequency of unfavorable outcomes (fatal or nonfatal myocardial infarction and fatal or nonfatal stroke) was higher in carriers of allele Val of the Ala344Val polymorphic marker of the THBD gene and carriers of genotype Arg/Arg of the Arg353Gln polymorphic marker of the F7 gene, but the difference was not statistically significant. Such an increase in frequency was not observed in males. To study the combined effect of the polymorphic markers of the THBD and F7 genes, the course of ischemic heart disease was compared for two female subgroups. One included carriers of allele Val of the Ala344Val polymorphic marker of the THBD gene and genotype Arg/Arg of the Arg353Gln polymorphic marker of the F7 gene; the other subgroup included carriers of genotype Ala/Ala of the Ala455Val polymorphic marker of the THBD gene and allele Gln of the Arg353Gln polymorphic marker of the F7 gene. The frequency of unfavorable outcomes in the first subgroup was higher than in the second one. The time to an endpoin was 40.5 months (95% confidence interval (CI) 33.5–47.6) in the first subgroup and 51.6 months (95% CI 45.0–58.1) in the second subgroup (χ2 = 4.15, P = 0.042). The results made it possible to assume that the F7 and THBD genes play an important role in genetic predisposition to unfavorable outcomes in patients with a history of acute ischemic heart disease.
    Russian Journal of Genetics 47(10):1234-1239. DOI:10.1134/S1022795411100140 · 0.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Association between the rates of poor outcomes in the patient cohort with acute coronary syndrome and polymorphisms G(−174)C in the IL6 gene and G(−1082)A in the IL10 gene were determined. In total, 1145 patients hospitalized for coronary artery disease to cardiological hospitals of Moscow, St. Petersburg, Kazan, Chelyabinsk, Perm, Stavropol, and Rostov-on-Don were examined. The mean observation period was 9.10 ± 5.03 months (maximal, 18 months). Analysis of the survival of the patients with acute coronary syndrome that carried allele A has demonstrated that the presence of IL10 gene polymorphism G(−1082)A is associated with more frequent poor outcomes as compared with GG genotype. The survival time to endpoint for the carriers of GA and AA genotypes was 11.68 ± 0.67 months versus 12.69 ± 0.65 months for the carriers of GG genotype in IL10 gene (χ2 = 4.13, p = 0.042). As for the IL6 gene polymorphism G(−174)C, survival rate analysis did not detect any significant association with the risk for poor outcome. However, joint analysis of these polymorphisms in both genes has demonstrated that characteristic of the patients with acute coronary syndrome that carry GG genotype of IL6 gene and GA and AA genotypes of IL10 is a higher rate of poor outcomes (time to endpoint, 11.01 ± 1.24 months) as compared with the carriers of IL6 gene CC and CG genotypes and IL10 gene GG genotype (time to endpoint, 13.28 ± 0.83 months (ξ2 = 10.23, p = 0.017). These data suggest that the genes IL6 and IL10, whose products are involved in the control of inflammatory response, play an important role by increasing the probability of poor outcomes in the patients with acute coronary syndrome. Key wordscoronary artery disease- IL 6 geneG(−174)C polymorphism and IL10 gene G(−1082)A polymorphism-survival time, multicenter clinical studies
    Molecular Biology 44(5):741-747. DOI:10.1134/S0026893310050092 · 0.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Associations of polymorphisms of genes FGB G(−455)A and PROC C(−1654)T with the frequency of poor outcomes in patients with the history of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) were studied in the Russian population. A total of 1145 patients admitted to cardiological hospitals of Moscow, St. Petersburg, Kazan, Chelyabinsk, Perm, Stavropol, and Rostov-on-Don with ischemic heart disease exacerbation were examined. The mean follow-up time was 1.14 ± 0.33 years, and the maximum follow-up time was 3.2 years. The risk of poor outcome did not depend on the carriership of genotypes of the polymorphic G(−455)A marker in the FGB gene. However, the PROC C(−1654)T polymorphism patients with ACS history and allele T of the PROC gene had a poor outcome more often than patients homozygous for allele C. The survival time to the endpoint for carriers of the TT and CT genotypes of the PROC gene was 2.19 ± 0.18 years vs. 2.46 ± 0.16 years for carriers of the CC genotype. On the base of these results it is suggested that hemostasis-related genes play an important role in early failures in patients with ACS history. Key wordsacute coronary syndrome-poor outcomes-polymorphic markers G(−455)A of the FGB gene and C(−1654)T of the PROC gene-survival rate-multicenter study
    Molecular Biology 44(4):541-545. DOI:10.1134/S0026893310040060 · 0.74 Impact Factor