Publications (2)1.89 Total impact
Article: The diagnostic utility of routine chest radiography in the evaluation of the initial fever in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A routine chest radiograph is often performed to evaluate initial fever in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) given the signs and symptoms of infectious pulmonary pathology may be subtle or absent. Studies in patients receiving conventional chemotherapy have shown that chest radiographs do not appear to be helpful in the evaluation of asymptomatic patients with febrile neutropenia. We performed a retrospective review of pediatric stem cell transplant recipients to determine if chest radiographs are useful in the evaluation of initial fever. We retrospectively identified 81 consecutive pediatric hematopoietic stem transplant recipients who had a chest radiograph performed as a routine part of the evaluation of initial fever during stem cell transplantation. Seventy-six (94%) of the chest radiographs performed had no evidence of pulmonary infiltrate. Of the five children with positive radiographs, three had symptomatic respiratory infection and two (40%) were asymptomatic. One asymptomatic patient had a history of pulmonary infection with persistent stable infiltrates prior to transplantation. This patient did not have any evidence of pneumonia during the transplant. The second asymptomatic patient had subsequent resolution of the infiltrate with antibiotic administration. None of the patients had a change made in the empiric antibiotic regimen based upon the results of the chest film. Routine radiographs are not useful in the evaluation of asymptomatic children at the time of an initial febrile event while undergoing HSCT.Pediatric Blood & Cancer 10/2011; 57(4):666-8. · 1.89 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Medical and nursing care of the hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) recipient are complex because of the pathophysiology, HSCT process, pre-HSCT conditioning regimens, numerous medications and therapies, acute and chronic complications, adverse effects, resources involved, and environmental considerations. The HSCT process and therapies may affect any body system, requiring proficient and prioritized nursing care, possibly in an intensive care setting. Understanding the timing of potential adverse effects and complications based on engraftment will help provide competent, high-acuity care. Although autogenic and allogeneic HSCT are curative treatment options, there are numerous morbidity and/or mortality risks throughout the HSCT journey.Critical care nursing clinics of North America 06/2011; 23(2):349-76.