ABSTRACT: We studied cytochrome c oxidase (COX) expression patterns in nuclear and mtDNA gene defects. Using quantitative immunocytochemical assay for COX, heteroplasmic staining was seen in MELAS patients with mtDNA mutations but similar staining variability was seen in control cell lines and nuclear gene defects. All fibroblast lines showed a wide variability in cell-to-cell COX I staining intensity. All 8 patient fibroblast lines had reduced COX staining on immunocytochemistry. In 6 lines reduced protein amount was seen on Western blotting and 7 had low COX activity. This study demonstrates that nuclear gene defects can produce a heteroplasmic appearance on immunocytochemistry.
Mitochondrion 12/2010; 11(3):430-6. · 3.62 Impact Factor