Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini

Universidade Federal de Uberlândia (UFU), Uberlândia, Estado de Minas Gerais, Brazil

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Publications (135)70.96 Total impact

  • Dayane de Castro Morais, Luiza Veloso Dutra, Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini, Silvia Eloiza Priore
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    ABSTRACT: The scope of this systematic review was to relate food insecurity, detected using the Brazilian Food Insecurity Scale (EBIA), with anthropometric, dietary and social indicators. The search was conducted in electronic databases (ScieLO, LILACS, MEDLINE), with a selection of studies by titles and abstracts, and later full reading. Studies identified in bibliographic references were included. Of the 215 reviewed, 15 fulfilled inclusion criteria (association between insecurity and anthropometric, dietary or social indicators, detected by the EBIA), whereby three had more than one variable of interest. A relationship was observed between food insecurity and height/age and weight/age of child indices, as well as obesity in women. Lower consumption of regulating, tissue-building food products and iron, and higher carbohydrate intake are associated with food insecurity. There was a relationship between social indicators, such as lower income and education, lack of employment and basic sanitation. The EBIA was associated in some studies with nutritional and social indicators, but should be used in conjunction with other tools in order to cover the multiple dimensions of food and nutrition security.
    Ciencia & saude coletiva. 05/2014; 19(5):1475-1488.
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    ABSTRACT: To analyze the impact of timing of clamping and obstetric, biological and socioeconomic factors on the iron stores of full-term newborns. Cross-sectional study between October 2011 and July 2012 in which hematological parameters were evaluated for newborns in Viçosa, MG, Southeastern Brazil. It involved collecting 7 mL of umbilical cord blood from 144 full-term not underweight newborns. The parameters investigated were complete blood count, serum iron, ferritin and C-reactive protein. The time of umbilical cord clamping was measured using a digital timer without interfering in the procedures of childbirth. The birth data were collected from Live Birth Certificates and other information was obtained from the mother through a questionnaire applied in the first month postpartum. Analysis of multiple linear regression was then used to estimate the influence of biological, obstetrics and socioeconomic factors on the ferritin levels at birth. The median ferritin was 130.3 µg/L (n = 129, minimum = 16.4; maximum = 420.5 µg/L), the mean serum iron was 137.9 μg/dL (n = 144, SD = 39.29) and mean hemoglobin was 14.7 g/dL (n = 144, SD = 1.47). The median time of cord clamping was 36 seconds, ranging between 7 and 100. The bivariate analysis detected an association between ferritin levels and color of the child, timing clamping of 60 seconds, type of delivery, the presence of gestational diabetes and per capita family income. In multivariate analysis, the variables per capita income, number of antenatal visits and length at birth accounted for 22.0% of variation in ferritin levels. Iron stores at birth were influenced by biological, obstetric and social characteristics. Tackling anemia should involve creating policies aimed at reducing social inequalities, improving the quality of antenatal care, as well as implementing a criterion of delayed clamping of the umbilical cord within the guidelines of labor.
    Revista de saude publica 02/2014; 48(1):10-18. · 1.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Epidemiological studies have shown an association between coronary heart disease and emerging cardiovascular risk factors, such as, levels of fibrinogen and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP). Objectives: To verify the ability of biochemical indicators in discriminating changes in the levels of hs-CRP and fibrinogen, in apparently healthy adult men. Methods: Were evaluated 130 apparently healthy men (20-59 years), having measurement of weight and height. Biochemical measurements (lipid profile, fasting glucose, uric acid, hs-CRP and fibrinogen) were performed. Body mass index, total cholesterol/HDL-c and LDL-c/HDL-c ratios were calculated. It was considered as the cutoff point for hs-CRP values ≥0.12 mg/dL and for fibrinogen the 50th percentile of the evaluated sample. Results: The uric acid showed the best correlation (r = 0.325) and the higher area under the ROC curve (0.704 ± 0.054), showing greater ability to discriminate higher levels of hs-CRP (p < 0.01). The total cholesterol/HDL-c ratio (r = 0.222) and the LDL-c/HDL-c ratio (r = 0.235) showed the best correlations and the higher areas under the ROC curves (0.624 ± 0.049 and 0.624 ± 0.049) in identify higher levels of fibrinogen (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The uric acid and the total choles - terol/HDL-c and the LDL-c/HDL-c ratios showed greater ability to identify changes in the levels of hs-CRP and fibrinogen, respectively. It was suggested the use of biochemical markers in the clinical practice, in order to establish preventive action for cardiovascular disease in apparently healthy adult men.
    Nutricion hospitalaria: organo oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Nutricion Parenteral y Enteral 01/2014; 29(n04):935-940. · 1.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: this study was performed to determine the predictive capacity of four different bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) devices in the assessment of adolescents, with and without a protocol. a cross-sectional study was performed with 215 adolescents aged 10 to 14 years, of both genders, evaluated through anthropometry and body composition by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and by four different BIA devices, with and without a protocol. The following tests were used: Kolmogorov-Smirnov's, chi-squared, Student's t or Mann-Whitney's, Kruskal-Wallis's, Wilcoxon's, and kappa index. The ROC curves were constructed and the sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values were calculated. of the 215 adolescents, 44.2% had excessive body fat. The tetrapolar BIA device equipped with eight tactile electrodes showed more sensitivity and results that were closer to those obtained by DXA (area under the ROC curve [AUC] = 0.964 with protocol and AUC = 0.973 without protocol, p < 0.001), as well as greater agreement (k = 0.67 with protocol and k = 0.63 without protocol, p < 0.001). The evaluation without protocol was similar to that by DXA in most investigated situations (p > 0.05). BIA is capable of predicting alterations in adolescents' body composition. When it is impossible to perform the assessment with a protocol, its results may be useful in population studies.
    Jornal de pediatria 09/2013; · 1.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE To analyze methodological and ethical aspects in the sexual maturation assessment of adolescents. DATA SOURCES Books and theses, articles and legislations on the Medline, SciELO, Science Direct databases, besides institutional documents of the World Health Organization and the Pediatric Societies of Brazil and São Paulo, considering the period from 1962 to 2012. The following keywords were used in Portuguese and English: "sexual maturation", "self-assessment", "ethics", "OBJECTIVE assessment of sexual maturation", "puberty", "adolescent", and "adolescentdevelopment". DATA SYNTHESIS The sexual maturation assessment is used in populatinal studies and in clinical daily care. The direct evaluation is performed by a specialized physician, whereas the self-assessment is carried out by the adolescent. This evaluation should be carefully performed in the appropriate place, taking into account the ethical aspects. The patient should not be constrained and the physician must respect the privacy and the confidentiality. Before this evaluation and independently of the used method, the adolescent should receive information and explanation about the procedure and the tools that will be applied. Furthermore, the patient has the right to want or not an adult close to him. CONCLUSIONS Validation studies showed that self-assessment is inferior to clinical assessment and should, therefore, be performed only when the direct examination by physicians is not possible.
    Revista paulista de pediatria : orgão oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo. 09/2013; 31(3):398-405.
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the factors related to the presence of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in adolescents. This was a cross-sectional study, with female adolescents from 15 to 18 years old, divided into: group 1 (with a medical diagnosis of PCOS) and group 2 (not diagnosed with PCOS). The height-for-age index and the body mass index were used for classifying the nutritional status, and a semi-structured questionnaire was applied. The Mann-Whitney test, Fisher's exact test, Spearman correlation coefficients, and logistic regression were used. This study evaluated 485 adolescents with an average age of 16.3 ± 0.9 years old. The prevalence of PCOS was 6.2%. No difference was found between the groups regarding anthropometric parameters and period of contraceptive use; however, there were differences regarding the age at menarche (p < 0.004). Older age at menarche was a protection factor against the syndrome. An association was found between younger age at menarche and the development of the PCOS in adolescents.
    Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira 07/2013; · 0.77 Impact Factor
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    Luciana N Nobre, Joel A Lamounier, Sylvia do C C Franceschini
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the determinants of dyslipidemia in preschoolers. A total of 227 preschoolers residing in an urban area of the city of Diamantina, Minas Gerais, Brazil were evaluated at age 5 years, using a cross-sectional design. Dietary intake from a food frequency questionnaire, anthropometric/biochemical parameters, and socioeconomic/behavioral information from a questionnaire were evaluated. 'Mixed diet', 'snack', and 'unhealthy' dietary patterns were identified using principal component analysis. The determinants of dyslipidemia were examined using Poisson regression analysis. The prevalence of dyslipidemia in this study was 65.19%. Preschoolers who less frequently consumed foods in the 'mixed diet' dietary pattern had a higher risk of high concentrations of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (PR=2.30; p=0.004) when compared with those with more frequent consumption of the 'mixed diet' dietary pattern. Preschoolers whose mothers had lower levels of education presented a lower risk of high concentrations of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (PR=0.43; p=0.003), and preschoolers who were overweight/obese presented with greater risk of high concentrations of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (PR=2.23; p=0.003). The determinants of dyslipidemia identified in this study were less frequent consumption of foods in the 'mixed diet' dietary pattern, higher body mass index, and lower level of maternal education. This study shows that despite the young age of the group under study, they already present a high prevalence of dyslipidemia, which is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease.
    Jornal de pediatria 07/2013; · 1.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Brazil is experiencing a nutritional transition characterized by a reduction in the prevalence of nutritional deficits and an increase in overweight and obesity, not only in adults but also in children and adolescents. Objectives: This study was designed to evaluate the factors associated with overweight and obesity in Brazilian 5-year-old preschoolers. Methods: A cross-sectional study of a cohort of 232 preschoolers born in Diamantina/Minas Gerais, Brazil, was undertaken. The data, including socioeconomic status, anthropometry, diet, previous history of the preschoolers and family history, were collected between July of 2009 and July of 2010. To identify the factors associated with overweight and obesity, a logistic regression and a hierarchical model were undertaken. Results: Overweight and obesity occurred in 17.2% of the preschoolers. After adjusting for mother's obesity, per capita income, protective food intake, weight gain at age 0-4 months and time spent playing, the factors associated with overweight and obesity that reached statistical significance were mother's obesity [OR = 3.12 (95%CI 1.41-6.91), P = 0.01], weight gain of more than 0.85 kg/month in the first four months of life [OR = 2.16 (95%CI 1.01-4.64), P = 0.04] and lower per capita income [OR = 0.32 (95%CI 0.13-0.79), P = 0.01]. Conclusion: The results show that more weight gain during the first four months of life and being born of mothers with obesity increased the odds of overweight/ obesity in the preschoolers, while lower per capita income was a protective factor.
    Nutricion hospitalaria: organo oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Nutricion Parenteral y Enteral 06/2013; 28(3):764-771. · 1.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The scope of this article is to analyze the understanding of mothers and persons responsible for infants taking ferrous sulfate supplement about anemia and its consequences, assessed by the level of adherence to supplementation. A prospective, qualitative and quantitative population study was conducted with non-anemic children not taking supplements to receive prophylactic supplementation with ferrous sulfate for six months. After six months, there was adherence to supplementation. Among the 133 children initially eligible for the study, 97 returned for the second evaluation. Of these, 4 had anemia during the follow-up and began treatment and 3 others were brought in by individuals who were unable to provide information on use of the supplement. High adherence was showed by 56.7% of children and low adherence by 43.3%, while 23.3% had interrupted supplementation due to the lack of guidance and support of the health service. Mothers and persons responsible of the two groups (high and low adherence) manifested little knowledge about anemia, its prevention and health consequences for the child. More information regarding iron deficiency anemia, routine follow-up by professionals and evaluation of the perception of individuals involved with iron supplementation is necessary.
    Ciencia & saude coletiva 03/2013; 18(3):827-36.
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To verify the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections among preschoolers and to identify the associated risk factors. METHODS: The study is a cross-sectional study nested in a cohort of children who were born and resident in Diamantina, Minas Gerais, Brazil. At the time of the study, all children were aged 60 months ± five months. They were recruited after written informed consent was obtained from parents or guardians. The study was carried out between July 2009 and July 2010. In total 214 children provided a stool sample for examination on intestinal parasitic infections. Information on potential risk factors for parasitosis was obtained from parents and guardians of the children by a questionnaire. Logistic regression was used for analysis. RESULTS: Intestinal parasitic infections were found in 27·5% (n = 59) of children. The boys' infection prevalence (26·1%, n = 36) was slightly lower than the infection prevalence of the girls (30·3%, n = 23), but not statistically different (p = 0·51). Fourteen children, (23·7%) were infected with two or more parasite species and forty-five (76·3%) with single parasites. A low per capita income of family was strongly associated with an increased risk for an infection (OR = 2·89; P = 0.003). Preschoolers whose mothers did not work outside home had a significantly lower risk for infection (OR = 0·41; p = 0·01). CONCLUSION: Intestinal parasite infection is a health problem among Diamantina preschoolers. Poverty was implicated as an important risk factor for infection, while the presence of the mother at home full-time was a protective factor.
    Pathogens and global health. 03/2013; 107(2):103-106.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to analyze body fat anthropometric equations and electrical bioimpedance analysis (BIA) in the prediction of cardiovascular risk factors in eutrophic and overweight adolescents. 210 adolescents were divided into eutrophic group (G1) and overweight group (G2). The percentage of body fat (% BF) was estimated using 10 body fat anthropometric equations and 2 BIA. We measured lipid profiles, uric acid, insulin, fasting glucose, homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and blood pressure. We found that 76.7% of the adolescents exhibited inadequacy of at least one biochemical parameter or clinical cardiovascular risk. Higher values of triglycerides (TG) (P = 0.001), insulin, and HOMA-IR (P < 0.001) were observed in the G2 adolescents. In multivariate linear regression analysis, the % BF from equation (5) was associated with TG, diastolic blood pressure, and insulin in G1. Among the G2 adolescents, the % BF estimated by (5) and (9) was associated with LDL, TG, insulin, and the HOMA-IR. Body fat anthropometric equations were associated with cardiovascular risk factors and should be used to assess the nutritional status of adolescents. In this study, equation (5) was associated with a higher number of cardiovascular risk factors independent of the nutritional status of adolescents.
    International Journal of Endocrinology 01/2013; 2013:501638. · 2.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To assess the factors related to the presence of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in adolescents. Methods This was a cross-sectional study, with female adolescents from 15 to 18 years old, divided into: group 1 (with a medical diagnosis of PCOS) and group 2 (not diagnosed with PCOS). The height-for-age index and the body mass index were used for classifying the nutritional status, and a semi-structured questionnaire was applied. The Mann-Whitney test, Fisher's exact test, Spearman correlation coefficients, and logistic regression were used. Results This study evaluated 485 adolescents with an average age of 16.3 ± 0.9 years old. The prevalence of PCOS was 6.2%. No difference was found between the groups regarding anthropometric parameters and period of contraceptive use; however, there were differences regarding the age at menarche (p < 0.004). Older age at menarche was a protection factor against the syndrome. Conclusion An association was found between younger age at menarche and the development of the PCOS in adolescents.
    Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira. 01/2013; 59(4):341–346.
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    ABSTRACT: How to cite this article de Almeida Paula H.A., de Cássia Lanes Ribeiro R., de Lima Rosado L.E.F.P., Abranches M.V. & do Carmo Castro Franceschini S. (2012) Relationship between waist circumference and supine abdominal height measured at different anatomical sites and cardiometabolic risk factors in older women. J Hum Nutr Diet. ABSTRACT: Objectives:  To measure waist circumference (WC) and supine abdominal height (SAH) at different anatomic sites and to assess the relationship with cardiometabolic risk factors in women aged >60 years. Methods:  The present study included 113 women from Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The evaluations comprised anthropometric, biochemical and haemodynamic measurements. Different anatomical sites were used to measure WC: (i) the midpoint between the last rib and iliac crest; (ii) umbilical level; (iii) immediately above the iliac crests; and (iv) the narrowest point between the last rib and the iliac crest. Measurements were also taken at different anatomic sites for SAH: (i) the midpoint between the iliac crests; (ii) umbilical level; (iii) higher abdominal diameter; and (iv) the narrowest point between the last rib and the iliac crest. Results:  It was found that 35.4% of women were overweight, and the area (SE) body mass index was 25.8 (4.2) kg/m(2) . WC at the umbilical level [area (SE) area under the curve (AUC) = 0.694 (0.079)] and SAH at the midpoint between the iliac crests [AUC = 0.747 (0.076)] showed the largest areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve (P < 0.05) with respect to the identification of cardiometabolic risk factors associated with the metabolic syndrome (MS) where, of the two measures, SAH showed the greatest predictive potential. Conclusions:  The results obtained in the present study suggest that, for the assessment of older women, the umbilical level and the midpoint between the iliac crests should used to measure WC and SAH, respectively. SAH showed the greatest predictive power for cardiometabolic risk factors associated with the MS in older women.
    Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics 12/2012; 25(6):563-8. · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To analyze the process of care provided to premature infants in a neonatal intensive care unit and the factors associated with their mortality. Cross-sectional retrospective study of premature infants in an intensive care unit between 2008 and 2010. The characteristics of the mothers and premature infants were described, and a bivariate analysis was performed on the following characteristics: the study period and the "death" outcome (hospital, neonatal and early) using Pearson's chi-square test, Fisher's exact test or a chi-square test for linear trends. Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed using a stepwise backward logistic regression method between the variables with p<0.20 and the "death" outcome. A p value <0.05 was considered to be significant. In total, 293 preterm infants were studied. Increased access to complementary tests (transfontanellar ultrasound and Doppler echocardiogram) and breastfeeding rates were indicators of improving care. Mortality was concentrated in the neonatal period, especially in the early neonatal period, and was associated with extreme prematurity, small size for gestational age and an Apgar score <7 at 5 minutes after birth. The late-onset sepsis was also associated with a greater chance of neonatal death, and antenatal corticosteroids were protective against neonatal and early deaths. Although these results are comparable to previous findings regarding mortality among premature infants in Brazil, the study emphasizes the need to implement strategies that promote breastfeeding and reduce neonatal mortality and its early component.
    Revista brasileira de terapia intensiva. 12/2012; 24(4):386-392.
  • Juliana Farias de Novaes, Silvia Eloiza Priore, Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini, Joel Alves Lamounier
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    ABSTRACT: This cross-sectional study aimed to: (i) investigate whether obesity and overweight defined according to body mass index (BMI) are good predictors of body fat excess, abdominal adiposity and hypertension in 769 Brazilian children aged 6-11 years, (ii) assess the relationship between overweight/obesity and cardiovascular risk factors. Overweight and obesity were estimated using cut-off points corresponding to World Health Organization 1and 2 SD (standard deviation) scores. Based on the results of a multiple logistic regression analysis, overweight and obesity were significantly associated with body fat excess, abdominal adiposity and hypertension. The prevalence of obesity (10.7%), overweight (18.7%), abdominal adiposity (17.6%) and systolic (10.1%) and diastolic hypertension (9.3%) was high in this population of Brazilian children. The cardiovascular risk factors increased significantly according to the BMI SD scores, indicating that in epidemiologic studies, BMI may be a good indicator of risk for cardiovascular diseases.
    Journal of Tropical Pediatrics 09/2012; · 1.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence and risk factors of anemia in children attending daycare centers in the city of Belo Horizonte. METHODS: Cross-sectional study that evaluated 312 children aged 7 to 59 months attending daycare centers of the East Sanitary District of Belo Horizonte. The diagnosis of anemia was determined by finger stick blood samples, using the HemocueTM portable photometer, considering hemoglobin levels below 11.0 g/dL. Weight and height were measured and nutritional status of children was classified according to WHO 2006 criteria. Variables were collected through a questionnaire answered by children´s parents or guardians, containing socioeconomic aspects, in addition to information on maternal and children's health. Multiple logistic regression was performed to assess the association between variables and anemia, with control for confounding variables. RESULTS: The prevalence of anemia in the population studied was 30.8%, with a higher prevalence in children ≤ 24 months of age (71.1%). Risk factors for anemia were age ≤ 24 months (OR: 9.08 CI: 3.96 to 20.83), and height-for-age < -1 z-score (OR: 2.1, CI: 1.20 to 3.62). CONCLUSIONS: The high prevalence of anemia in children attending day care centers in Belo Horizonte, especially those younger than 24 months and in children with height-for-age < - 1 z-score, demonstrates the importance of nutritional care to infants and strengthens the need for commitment of child care institutions in reducing this deficiency.
    Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia 09/2012; 15(3):675-684.
  • Brunnella Alcantara Chagas de Freitas, Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini
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    ABSTRACT: This study analyzed the factors that are associated with the need for packed red blood cell transfusions in premature infants in a neonatal intensive care unit. This study is a cross-sectional study of secondary data from premature infants who were admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit between 2008 and 2010. Premature infants with low birth weight were included. Packed red blood cell transfusion was the dependent variable. Pearson's Chi-square or Fisher's exact tests were used for data analysis, and the median, minimum, and maximum values were calculated. Prevalence ratios were calculated using the Poisson regression and Pearson correlation coefficient. Linear regression analyses were performed. P < 0.05 was considered to be significant. We examined 254 premature infants, and 39.4% of this sample received packed red blood cells. Transfusions were 70% less prevalent in premature infants who were born at >32 weeks of gestation, and 191% more prevalent in infants who exhibited late-onset neonatal sepsis. The number of transfusions per patient was negatively correlated with gestational age and positively correlated with late-onset neonatal sepsis. A gestational age <32 weeks and late-onset neonatal sepsis explained 45% of the transfusions (p<0.0001). Premature infants with a gestational age <32 weeks and who developed late-onset neonatal sepsis exhibited a greater need for packed red blood cell transfusions.
    Revista brasileira de terapia intensiva. 09/2012; 24(3):224-229.
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    ABSTRACT: OBJETIVO: Elaborar curvas de crescimento e estabelecer o perfil dietético de recém-nascidos pré-termo com peso adequado para a idade gestacional (AIG) durante a internação após o nascimento. MÉTODOS: Estudo coorte retrospectivo e descritivoderecém-nascidos pré-termo AIG, nascidos entre janeiro de2006 e dezembro de 2007, internados em um hospital de Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brasil. Foram coletadas informações sobre as medidas antropométricas ao nascer e sua evolução (peso diário e comprimento, perímetro cefálico e torácico semanal) e sobre a evolução diária da dieta. A partir dos dados coletados foram construídas curvas de crescimento referentes às medidas ao nascer e àquelas no pós-natal, em função da idade gestacional, as quais foram comparadas às referências nacionais e internacionais. Além da análise descritiva, foram feitos ajustes por funções polinomiais de terceiro grau para modelação das curvas de crescimento. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos no estudo 68 recém-nascidos pré-termo AIG, com idade gestacional média de 33,2±2,6 semanas. Observou-se uma grande concordância entre as curvas do percentil 50 das quatro medidas antropométricas ao nascer em estudo e as curvas do percentil 50 de crescimento intrauterino. Entretanto, as curvas do percentil 50 das medidas antropométricas no período pós-natal foram similares às curvas do percentil 10 ou -2 desvios-padrão de crescimento intrauterino. Durante a internação, 84,6% das crianças receberam leite materno; entretanto, a mediana encontrada do percentual dos dias de uso do leite materno em função do tempo de internação foi de somente 50% (2 a 100%). CONCLUSÕES: Os ganhos antropométricos durante o período de internação não reproduzem o ganho intrauterino. Observou-se a necessidade de maior oferta do leite materno durante o período de internação.
    Revista Paulista de Pediatria 09/2012; 30(3):359-368.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: The present study had the objective of comparing the lipid profile, nutritional status and body composition of adolescents and their parents. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 120 adolescents from 10 to 13 years old, public schools students from the city of Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil and their respective biological parents (104 mothers and 82 fathers). Data was collected regarding weight, height, waist and hip circumference, body fat, triglycerides, total and fraction cholesterol. Besides, taking the skinfold measurements (bicipital, tricipital, subscapular and suprailiac) of the adolescents; and evaluation of sexual maturity, excluding those that were in stage 1 according to Tanner. The statistical treatment includes descriptive analysis, the use of the Student's t-test, Mann Whitney, and Pearson and Spearman correlation. An Odds Ratio was conducted with a confidence interval of 95%, considering p < 0.05 significant. Results: A positive and significant correlation was seen for weight, BMI and total cholesterol between father and son; for all the variables, except body fat and wait/hip ratio between father and daughter; for weight and height between mother and son and BMI between mother and daughter. Adolescents that had both parents with hypertriglyceridemia, with inadequacies of LDL or HDL presented, respectively 19, 20 and 4 times more chances of presenting the same alterations. Conclusion: This study confirmed differences in the anthropometric measurements, body composition and lipid profile between children of overweight, eutrophic and underweight parents, as well as greater chance for the adolescent to present an altered lipid profile when the parents also have presented that alteration.
    Nutricion hospitalaria: organo oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Nutricion Parenteral y Enteral 08/2012; 27(4):1127-1133. · 1.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: The present study had the objective of comparing the lipid profile, nutritional status and body composition of adolescents and their parents. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 120 adolescents from 10 to 13 years old, public schools students from the city of Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil and their respective biological parents (104 mothers and 82 fathers). Data was collected regarding weight, height, waist and hip circumference, body fat, triglycerides, total and fraction cholesterol. Besides, taking the skinfold measurements (bicipital, tricipital, subscapular and suprailiac) of the adolescents; and evaluation of sexual maturity, excluding those that were in stage 1 according to Tanner. The statistical treatment includes descriptive analysis, the use of the Student's t-test, Mann Whitney, and Pearson and Spearman correlation. An Odds Ratio was conducted with a confidence interval of 95%, considering p < 0.05 significant. Results: A positive and significant correlation was seen for weight, BMI and total cholesterol between father and son; for all the variables, except body fat and wait/hip ratio between father and daughter; for weight and height between mother and son and BMI between mother and daughter. Adolescents that had both parents with hypertriglyceridemia, with inadequacies of LDL or HDL presented, respectively 19, 20 and 4 times more chances of presenting the same alterations. Conclusion: This study confirmed differences in the anthropometric measurements, body composition and lipid profile between children of overweight, eutrophic and underweight parents, as well as greater chance for the adolescent to present an altered lipid profile when the parents also have presented that alteration.
    Nutricion hospitalaria: organo oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Nutricion Parenteral y Enteral 08/2012; 27(4):1127-33. · 1.31 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

234 Citations
70.96 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013
    • Universidade Federal de Uberlândia (UFU)
      • Faculty of Medicine (FAMED)
      Uberlândia, Estado de Minas Gerais, Brazil
    • Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo
      Victoria, Espírito Santo, Brazil
  • 2012–2013
    • Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri
      • Departamento de Nutrição
      Tejuco, Minas Gerais, Brazil
  • 2002–2013
    • Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV)
      • • Departamento de Nutrição e Saúde
      • • Departamento de Medicina e Enfermagem
      • • Departamento de Tecnologia de Alimentos
      Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil
  • 2011–2012
    • Universidade Federal da Bahia
      Bahia, Estado de Bahía, Brazil
    • Federal University of Juiz de Fora
      Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, Brazil
  • 2009
    • Universidade Federal de São Paulo
      San Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
  • 2008
    • Universidade Federal de Sergipe
      São Christovão, Sergipe, Brazil