ABSTRACT: Carbonate apatite (CO(3)Ap) foam may be an ideal bone substitute as it is sidelined to cancellous bone with respect to its chemical composition and structure. However, CO(3)Ap foam fabricated using α-tricalcium phosphate foam showed limited mechanical strength. In the present study, feasibility of the fabrication of calcite which could be a precursor of CO(3)Ap was studied. Calcite foam was successfully fabricated by the so-called "ceramic foam" method using calcium hydroxide coated polyurethane foam under CO(2)+O(2) atmosphere. Then the calcite foam was immersed in Na(2)HPO(4) aqueous solution for phase transformation based on dissolution-precipitation reaction. When CaO-free calcite foam was immersed in Na(2)HPO(4) solution, low-crystalline CO(3)Ap foam with 93-96% porosity and fully interconnected porous structure was fabricated. The compressive strength of the foam was 25.6 ± 6 kPa. In light of these results, we concluded that the properties of the precursor foam were key factors for the fabrication of CO(3)Ap foams.
Dental Materials Journal 01/2011; 30(1):14-20. · 1.14 Impact Factor