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Publications (5)0 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The real-time, automatic, highly accurate and efficient system for measuring the mixing ratios of CO2, CH4, CO and N2O has been developed by combining the commercial FTIR system (Wollongong University) with an auto-sampling system and a working standard module. Based on the tests conducted, the FTIR showed the high precision and a relatively low accuracy associated with its poor determination of correction factors. The absolute error of the mixing ratio of CO was above 38.8 x 10(-9), suggesting that FTIR alone could not meet the requirement for the real time measurement. Using the working standard gases to adjust results from the FTIR significantly improved the accuracy of measurements. For both static and dynamic conditions, the discrepancies between the measured results and the real values were below 0.11 x 10(-6), 1.8 x 10(-9), 0.15 x 10(-9) and 0.5 x 10(-9) for CO2, CH4, N2O and CO respectively, meeting the requirements for the atmospheric real-time measurements. During 6 days in-situ measurements of greenhouse gas outside the lab, the precision of target gas can reach 0.05 x 10(-6), 0.2 x 10(-9), 0.07 x 10(-9), 0.5 x 10(-9) for CO2, CH4, N2O, CO, and inaccuracy can be 0.09 x 10(-6), 0.4 x 10(-9), 0.14 x 10(-9), 0.5 x 10(-9), respectively.
    Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue / [bian ji, Zhongguo ke xue yuan huan jing ke xue wei yuan hui "Huan jing ke xue" bian ji wei yuan hui.] 11/2013; 34(11):4159-64.
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    ABSTRACT: Impacts of surface wind direction, surface wind speed, surface air temperature and sunshine hours on the CH4 concentration at Lin'an regional atmospheric background station were studied based on the results from Jan. 2009 to Dec. 2011. The results revealed that the diurnal variation of atmospheric CH4 concentration presented a single-peak curve at Lin'an regional background station. The diurnal amplitude varied from 19.0 x 10(-9) to 74.7 x 10(-9), with the lowest value observed in the afternoon and the highest at dawn. The monthly mean CH4 concentrations varied from 1955.7 x 10(-9) to 2036.2 x 10(-9), with the highest concentration observed in autumn and the lowest in spring. The wind directions NE-SSE could induce higher CH4 concentrations while SW-NNW wind directions had negative effects on the observed results. The CH4 concentration turned out to be lower with higher surface wind speed. With the increase of surface air temperature or sunshine hours, the CH4 concentration went up first till reaching a peak, and then decreased.
    Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue / [bian ji, Zhongguo ke xue yuan huan jing ke xue wei yuan hui "Huan jing ke xue" bian ji wei yuan hui.] 03/2013; 34(3):835-41.
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    ABSTRACT: Background CH4 concentrations were continuously measured at the 4 WMO/GAW stations [Waliguan in Qinghai (WLG), Lin'an in Zhejiang (LAN), Shangdianzi in Beijing (SDZ), and Longfengshan in Heilongjiang (LFS)] by Cavity Ring Down Spectroscopy system. From 2009 to 2010, the diurnal cycle of hourly average CH4 concentration at LAN was found to be similar in all four seasons, with the highest level detected at 05:00 (Beijing Time) and the lowest at about 14:00. Similar CH4 diurnal cycles were observed at LFS in the summer time. However, the daily amplitude was much higher than that at LAN and reached 216. 8 x 10(-9) (molar ratio). For SDZ station, there were similar trends in spring, autumn and winter. The daily average concentration in the summer was much higher than those of the other seasons and reached the highest at about 20:00. No apparent CH4 diurnal cycle was observed at the WLG station during the whole year. The seasonal variations were obvious at the three regional stations (LAN, SDZ, LFS). The background concentration was the lowest in July at LAN while reached the highest level in August at LFS. The yearly background concentration variation at LFS displayed a "W" pattern. At LFS and SDZ, the wintertime CH4 concentrations were higher than those in spring and autumn. WLG represented a clean area and its CH4 value was the lowest among the four stations with the monthly average amplitude to be about 11.5 x 10(-9). At all three regional stations, non-background data accounted for more than 70% of the whole data. Cluster analysis of 3 day backward trajectories corresponding to the high CH4 concentration (WLG: CH4 > 1 870 x 10(-9), LFS: CH4 > 2100 x 10(-9), LAN: CH4 > 2 150 x10(-9), SDZ: CH4 > 2050 x 10(-9)) data points suggested that the high CH4 level measured in summer might be associated with the air mass transportation.
    Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue / [bian ji, Zhongguo ke xue yuan huan jing ke xue wei yuan hui "Huan jing ke xue" bian ji wei yuan hui.] 09/2012; 33(9):2917-23.
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    ABSTRACT: In-situ GC-FID system for atmospheric CH4 and CO mixing ratio measurements at the Shangdianzi (SDZ) GAW regional station in Beijing was designed and optimized in 2009 based on a comparable system at the Waliguan GAW global station in Qinhai. Results from this study indicate that the system's precisions for CH4 and CO are higher than 0.03% and 0.45% respectively, which can meet the quality target on background greenhouse gas observations by the World Meteorology Organization's Global Atmosphere Watch (WMO/GAW) program. The selection method of working standards for this system was established: two working standards (WH for the high concentration and WL for the low concentration) were selected, the concentrations of CH4 and CO in these two standards can cover the ambient mixing ratios of CH4 (2 007.1 x 10(-9) and 1 809.5 x 10(-9)) and CO (405.6 x 10(-9) and 123.8 x 10(-9)), an injection sequence was programmed so that the two standards were analyzed alternatively for every three runs. The measurement accuracies are high, as shown by the standard deviations less than 1.7 x 10(-9) and 1 x 10(-9), for CH4 and CO, respectively. This method has been applied to in-situ measurement of atmospheric CH4 and CO in North China.
    Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue / [bian ji, Zhongguo ke xue yuan huan jing ke xue wei yuan hui "Huan jing ke xue" bian ji wei yuan hui.] 01/2012; 33(1):8-12.
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    ABSTRACT: To strengthen scientific management and sharing of greenhouse gas data obtained from atmospheric background stations in China, it is important to ensure the standardization of observations and establish the data treatment and quality control procedure so as to maintain consistency in atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) measurements from different background stations. An automated gas chromatographic system (Hewlett Packard 5890GC employing flame ionization detection) for in situ measurements of atmospheric CO2 and CH4 has been developed since 1994 at the China Global Atmosphere Watch Baseline Observatory at Mt. Waliguan, in Qinhai. In this study, processing and quality control flow of CO2 and CH4 data acquired by HP ChemStation are discussed in detail, including raw data acquisition, data merge, time series inspection, operator flag, principal investigator flag, and the comparison of the GC measurement with the flask method. Atmosphere CO2 and CH4 mixing ratios were separated as background and non-background data using a robust local regression method, approximately 72% and 44% observed values had been filtered as background data for CO2 and CH4, respectively. Comparison of the CO1 and CH, in situ data to the flask sampling data were in good agreement, the relative deviations are within +/- 0.5% for CO2 and for CH4. The data has been assimilated into global database (Globalview-CO2, Globalview-CH4), submitted to the World Data Centre for Greenhouse Gases (WDCGG), and applied to World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Greenhouse Gas Bulletin and assessment reports of the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
    Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue / [bian ji, Zhongguo ke xue yuan huan jing ke xue wei yuan hui "Huan jing ke xue" bian ji wei yuan hui.] 10/2010; 31(10):2267-72.