Shaoheng Zhu

Fujian Medical University, Jiaocheng, Fujian, China

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Publications (4)9.9 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Little is known about the prevalence and cardiovascular risk factors for prehypertension and hypertension in the She ethnic minority population of Fujian province in China. Between April 2009 and September 2009, 5,523 participants of She nationality aged between 20 and 80 years participated in this survey and 5,357 were eventually enrolled in analyses. The survey was carried out to assess blood pressure and cardiovascular risk factors. The prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension was 35.87 and 38.42%, respectively, in all participants. Only 26.63% of the subjects with hypertension were aware of their diagnosis. Multivariate logistic regression showed that age, gender, overweight/obesity, dyslipidemia and alcohol use were risk factors for prehypertension, and age, overweight/obesity, dyslipidemia, alcohol use, family history of hypertension and hyperuricemia were risk factors for hypertension. The clustering of 2 and ≥ 3 risk factors was in higher proportion for subjects with hypertension and prehypertension when compared with those with prehypertension and normotension, respectively. After adjusting for other confounding factors, multivariable logistic regression showed that the greater the number of clustering cardiovascular risk factors, the greater the odds ratios for prehypertension and hypertension are. Hypertension and prehypertension were common in the She population of Fujian province. Cardiovascular risk factors cluster during prehypertension and awareness of hypertension was minimal. Early lifestyle modifications could be advocated to prevent the transition from prehypertension to hypertension and cardiovascular disease.
    Kidney and Blood Pressure Research 03/2012; 35(5):305-13. DOI:10.1159/000336085 · 1.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: According to recent reports, the development of type 2 diabetes in China has soared at an alarming rate. However, most of the investigations were based on Han people, who account for the majority of people in China. Little is known about the prevalence of diabetes its chronic complications in the She people, who have their own traditional lifestyle and hereditable background, different from other Asian population. The present study investigated the prevalence of type 2 diabetes and associated risk factors in the adult population of She nationals. A total of 5,385 participants entered into the analysis eventually, including 2,308 men and 3,077 women. An oral glucose tolerance test was performed in subjects without diagnosed diabetes. Liver function, cardiovascular risk (brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and abnormal Minnesota codes findings), uric acid, and neuropathy were tested to assess the profiles of associated risks. In general, the self-reported diabetes rate was 9.5%. After age and sex standardization, the prevalence of diabetes was 6.1% (6.7% for men and 5.7% for women) in She Chinese people. In logistic regression models, age, family history of diabetes, alcohol use, total cholesterol, and triglycerides were all significantly associated with the risk of diabetes in this cross-sectional study (all P<0.05). In all, 47.4% had cardiovascular risks, 19.4% had liver dysfunction, and 6.2% had hyperuricemia. For women, compared with the first quartile, log-transformed homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance of the fourth quartile was significantly higher (P<0.05), and log-transformed homeostasis model assessment for β cells was also higher in the second, third, and fourth quartiles (all P<0.05). The prevalences of polyneuropathy in impaired fasting glucose (IFG), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), IFG/IGT, and diabetes mellitus (DM) were 16.1%, 13.1%, 18.6%, and 28.4% separately, which was higher than that in normal glucose tolerance. The prevalences of polyneuropathy in IFG/IGT and DM were higher than that in IGT. The present study revealed that a total of 6.1% She people suffered from type 2 diabetes, which was lower than the average level of China, but the standardized prevalence of prediabetes was higher, 20.6%. Early peripheral neuropathy screening should be performed in the prediabetes population. The Toronto Clinical Neuropathy Scoring System is convenient to assess diabetic polyneuropathy in clinical practice and should be tested regularly for people in prediabetes. Liver dysfunction, headache, and insomnia, appearing before type 2 diabetes, should be assessed regularly to avoid deterioration.
    Diabetes Technology &amp Therapeutics 02/2012; 14(5):430-9. DOI:10.1089/dia.2011.0244 · 2.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Two large-scale genome-wide association studies (GWAs) have identified multiple variants associated with blood pressure (BP) or hypertension. The present study was to investigate whether some variations were associated with BP traits and hypertension or even prehypertension in adult She ethnic minority of China. The population of the present study comprised 4460 (1979 males and 2481 females, respectively) unrelated she ethnic minority based on a cross-sectional study from Ningde City in Fujian province of China. There were 1692 hypertensives, 1600 prehypertensives and 1168 normotensive controls, respectively. We genotyped 7 variants in CYP17A1, PLEKHA7, CACNB2, ATP2B1, TBX3-TBX5, CSK-ULK3 and SH2B3 reported by the previous GWAs on Europeans. All analyses were performed in an additive genetic model. As the minor allele of rs653178 in/near SH2B3 was very rare with the frequency of 0.018, we excluded this single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the further analyses. Of the other 6 loci, linear regression analyses revealed that rs11191548 in CYP17A1 and rs11014166 in CACNB2 were significantly associated with systolic BP (β = -1.17, P = 0.002 and β = -0.50, P = 0.006, respectively), while only SNP rs11191548 was significantly associated with diastolic BP (β = -0.56, P=0.002) after adjusted by age, sex and BMI. Two variants in CACNB2 and PLEKHA7 were found to be significantly related to hypertension (odds ratios [OR] and (95% confidence interval [CI]): 0.79 (0.65-0.97) and 1.19 (1.01-1.41), respectively) in logistic regression analyses after adjusted by age, sex and BMI. In addition, we found that combined risk alleles of the 6 SNPs increased risk of hypertension in a stepwise fashion (P for trend < 0.001). However, none of the 6 SNPs was significantly associated with BMI or prehypertension status. While logistic analysis showed that subjects with cumulative risk alleles more than 9 had significantly higher risk for prehypertension (adjusted OR: 3.10, P < 0.001) compared with those with risk alleles less than 4. We replicated that variations in CYP17A1, CACNB2 and PLEKHA7 were related to BP traits and/or hypertension in She population. In addition, although we failed to observe single gene associated with prehypertension, we first found that conjoint effect of multiple risk alleles on BP might increase the risk of progressing to prehypertension.
    Atherosclerosis 09/2011; 219(2):709-14. DOI:10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2011.09.006 · 3.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and epidemiological characteristics of hypertension in the Chinese She ethnic minority in Fujian province of China. After analyzing relevant risk factors of hypertension, we wanted to provide information for prevention and control of hypertension in this ethnic minority. Using the stratified and cluster methods, we randomly selected 5,350 She subjects for a questionnaire survey. Their weight, height and blood pressure were measured. Hypertension was defined as a mean systolic blood pressure of ≥140 mm Hg or a diastolic blood pressure of ≥90 mm Hg, or use of antihypertensive medication. SPSS 13.0 software was used for database building and the χ(2) test for statistical analysis. The number of patients with hypertension was 1,931 (prevalence 36.09%) and 71.15% of them (1,374 patients) were undiagnosed. The prevalence of hypertension increased with age and was associated with education levels, occupation, body mass index, smoking, salt intake levels and a lack of health concepts. The prevalence of hypertension in the She has grown rapidly, which is closely correlated with lifestyle and lack of health education of hypertension. The prevention and control of hypertension in the She is imperative, and the promotion of health education on hypertension can be improved to enhance awareness, prevention, and control of hypertension.
    Kidney and Blood Pressure Research 03/2011; 34(2):69-74. DOI:10.1159/000323164 · 1.82 Impact Factor