S Z Sultana

Dhaka Medical College, Mujib City, Dhaka, Bangladesh

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Publications (39)1.01 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: This cross sectional descriptive study was done by using nonprobability sampling technique and performed by examining 63 (sixty three) cerebellum. Out of them 40 postmortem human cerebellum collected from Bangladeshi cadavers of both sexes (male 25 and female 15) age ranging from 5 to 60 years and 23 cerebellums from caesarian section of intrauterine death cases of both sexes (male 14 and female 9) age ranging from 34 to 41 weeks of gestation. Specimens were collected from dead bodies autopsied on different dates from April' 2009 to September' 2009 at the autopsy laboratory of department of Forensic Medicine and prenatal cases from Gynaecology and Obstetrics Department of Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh. The collected specimens were grouped into three age groups like Group A (28 to 42 weeks of gestation), Group B (5 to 30 years) and Group C (31 to 60 years) and, two sex groups (male and female) and two sides (right and left). A transverse section was made at the level of horizontal fissure, and length and breadth of dentate nucleus were measured by divider and scale. The mean (±SD) length and breadth of dentate nucleus was 8.619±2.995mm and 14.770±3.604mm respectively and it was observed that length and breadth of dentate nucleus increased with age upto certain level then slightly decreased in the late age Group C. In this study, differences of the mean length of dentate nucleus on both right and left sides were statistically moderately significant between age Groups A&B. The differences of mean breadth of dentate nucleus on both right and left side were statistically highly significant between age Groups A&B and moderately significant between age Groups A&C on right side and only significant on left side. The differences between male & female were statistically insignificant in length and breadth of dentate nucleus.
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    ABSTRACT: Placenta is the mirror of maternal and fetal status; it reflects the changes due to complication in pregnancy of mother. Numerous common and uncommon findings of the placenta, umbilical cord and membranes are associated with abnormal fetal development and perinatal morbidity. So, the examination of the placenta can yield information that may be important in the immediate and later management of mother and newborn. This information may also be essential for protecting the attending physician in the event of an adverse maternal or fetal outcome. This cross sectional descriptive study was carried out to determine the incidence of different types of placenta depending on attachment site and branching pattern of arteries of umbilical cord in Bangladeshi Women. To achieve this aim sixty placenta with umbilical cord were collected. Placenta was from 28 weeks to 42 weeks gestational age of normal pregnancy during normal labour at gynaecology and obstetric department of Mymensingh Medical College Hospital. After preservation in 10% formol saline, study was done in the Department of Anatomy of Mymensingh Medical College. In the present study, incidence of different types of placenta depending on attachment site of umbilical cord was 50% Central, 46% Paracentral and 18% Marginal in type. In this study it was also observed that 58% placenta were Disperse in type and 42% were Magistral in type depending on the distribution of umbilical arteries. Observed findings of this study were compared with those of Western and Bangladeshi researchers.
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    ABSTRACT: This cross sectional descriptive study was to measure the thickness of muscular layer in trigone of the urinary bladder and to establish the difference between sexes of different age groups in Bangladeshi cadaver. A total 60 human urinary bladders were collected by purposive sampling from May 2013 to October 2013. Among them from male 43 and from female 17 were collected from Bangladeshi cadavers of age ranging from 01 to 60 years, from autopsy laboratory of the Department of Forensic Medicine of Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh. The thickness of muscular layer in trigone of the urinary bladder was measured and significant differences of the value between age and sex groups were observed. The mean±SD thickness of muscular layer of trigone of the urinary bladder was 318.59±93.15μm in age Group A (01 to 20 years), 633.25±79.79μm in age Group B (21 to 40 years), and 352.50±116.15μm in age Group C (41 to 60 years). The mean difference of muscular layer of the trigone of the urinary bladder between age Groups A&B, B&C was statistically highly significant, where p=0.001. In statistical analysis, differences between age groups were calculated by using one way ANOVA test. The present study revealed that the value of thickness of muscular layer in trigone of the urinary bladder was increased with the increase of age and it was declined to a low level in the late age. The mean value of muscular layer of the trigone of the urinary bladder was higher in male than that of in female of Group A, B & C.
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    ABSTRACT: This cross sectional descriptive study was to measure the thyroid angle and to establish the difference between sexes of different age groups in Bangladeshi cadaver. A total 60 human larynges were collected by purposive sampling from October 2008 to March 2009. Among them 45(male 23 and female 22) were collected from Bangladeshi cadavers (9 to 60 years) at the autopsy laboratory of Department of Forensic Medicine and 15 (male 6 and female 9) from stillborn infants of viable age (28 to 40 weeks of gestation) from Gynaecology and Obstetrics Department of Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh. The thyroid angle was measured and significant differences of the dimensions between different age and sex groups were observed. In the present study observed findings was compared with those of other researchers. The mean±SD thyroid angle was found as 65.00±11.65 degree in age Group A (28 to 40 weeks of gestation), 73.69±6.56 degree in age Group B (9 to 16 years) and 77.76±7.76 degree in age Group C (17 to 60 years). The mean thyroid angle was higher in female (83.1667±5.78220 degree) than that in male (73.9412±7.09460 degree) and statistically moderately significant in Group C, where t = 3.853 and p = 0.001. In statistical analysis, differences between age and sex groups were calculated by using Students (unpaired) 't' test. The present study revealed that the value was significantly greater in adult female than male and the value increased with age.
    Mymensingh Medical Journal 07/2013; 22(3):423-6.
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    ABSTRACT: The study was done to find out the number of germinal centre in human vermiform appendix of Bangladeshi people to magnify the knowledge regarding the diverse number of germinal centre of human vermiform appendix in our population in the department of Anatomy, Mymensingh Medical College, Bangladesh from July 2006 to June 2007. Total 40 appendices were collected for histological study of different age and sex during postmortem examination in the autopsy laboratory of department of Forensic Medicine, Mymensingh Medical College. This cross sectional study was done by convenient sampling technique. For convenience of differentiating the changes in number of germinal centre of vermiform appendix in relation to age and sex, findings were classified in four groups, Group A up to 20 years, Group B 21-35 years, Group C 36-55 years and Group D 56-70 years. In the present study the number of germinal centre was highest in Group B (52.38%) but in Group D it was nil. Here mean number of germinal centre in male (1.05) were more than in female (0.8).
    Mymensingh Medical Journal 01/2013; 22(1):31-6.
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    ABSTRACT: This cross sectional descriptive study was done to see the weight of uterus in Bangladeshi cadavers to increase the knowledge regarding variational anatomy in our country. Sixty post mortem specimens containing uterus, uterine tube, ureter and surrounding structures were collected by non random or purposive sampling technique from cadavers of different groups and fixed in 10% formol-saline solution. This study was carried out in the Department of Anatomy of Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh from July 2006 to June 2007. Gross and fine dissection was carried out to study the weight of uterus. In this study our findings were compared with those of the references. Maximum weight of the uterus was found in age group B (13 to 45 years). It is about 51.35±17.95gm.
    Mymensingh Medical Journal 10/2012; 21(4):624-6.
  • A I Chowdhury, S Z Sultana, S Mannan
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the volume of spleen of Bangladeshi people by water displacement method, this cross sectional descriptive study was carried out over 120 cadaveric spleen of which 87 male and 33 female, in the department of Anatomy of Mymensingh Medical College from July 2007 to June 2008. The maximum volume of male spleen was 200ml in group D (46-60years) and female spleen was 150ml in group B (16-30years). The minimum volume was 30ml in group A (upto15years) in both male and female. The maximum mean volume of male was 84.23 ml in group B (16-30years) and minimum mean volume was 47.75ml in group A (upto 15years). The mean volume of female spleen was highest, 78.33ml in C (31-45years) age group and lowest 45.62ml in A (upto 15years) age group. From this study it was evident that the volume of spleen increases with age during childhood and adolescence remains stable in young adult and declined in older age groups. Volume of spleen shows positive correlation with age up to 60 years of age. Mean±SE volume of male spleen was 75.27±3.78ml, ranges from 30-200ml and in female; mean±SE volume was 60.51±4.90ml, ranges from 30-150ml. Here it is observed that volume of spleen was higher in male than in female but the difference was not statistically significant.
    Mymensingh Medical Journal 07/2012; 21(3):445-9.
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    ABSTRACT: This study was done to find out the histomorphometry of lumen of vermiform appendix in Bangladeshi people. Total 100 fresh appendixes were collected for morphometric study of different age and sex during postmortem examination in the autopsy laboratory of Forensic Medicine Department of Mymensingh Medical College. This cross sectional descriptive study was done by convenient sampling technique. For convenience of differentiating the luminal diameter of vermiform appendix in relation to age and sex, findings were classified in four groups. Group A was up to 20 years, Group B 21-35 years, Group C 36-55 years and Group D 56-70 years. In the study the maximum diameter was in group A of female (87.00 μm) and minimum was (4.70 μm) in group B of female. The mean luminal diameter of vermiform appendix was more in female (60.71 μm) than in male (60.11 μm).
    Mymensingh Medical Journal 01/2012; 21(1):39-43.
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    ABSTRACT: This cross sectional descriptive study was done to observe the mean diameter of seminiferous tubules and to determine its differences between different age groups in Bangladeshi male. Thirty human testes of different age groups were collected by purposive sampling technique. Among them 22 specimens were collected from cadavers during routine postmortem examination and 8 specimens were from dead fetuses from Gynaecology & Obstetrics Department. The specimens were grouped into three categories Group A (28 to 42 weeks of gestational age), Group B (Up to 14 years) and Group C (15 to 70 years). The mean diameter of seminiferous tubules was measured and significant differences of the dimensions between different age groups were determined. The mean±SD diameter was 85.37±15.51 μm in Group A, 144.04±63.34 μm in Group B and 227.92±22.47 μm in Group C. Statistically, differences between age groups were calculated by using Unpaired Students 't' test. The present study revealed that the diameter increased with age and mean differences were statistically significant between Groups A&C, B&C and A&B.
    Mymensingh Medical Journal 01/2012; 21(1):34-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Context: The thyroid gland is the first endocrine organ to evolve in the vertebrates. It has right and left lobes and connected by narrow median isthmus which lies over the second, third and fourth tracheal rings. A conical pyramidal lobe often ascends towards the hyoid bone from isthmus or the adjacent part of either lobe. It measures about 1.25 cm transversely and vertically. Its size and site vary greatly. Isthmus is topographically related with some important anatomical structures. So this study was carried out to determine the incidence of presence & variation in anatomical position of isthmus of thyroid gland of Bangladeshi people of different age groups to establish a normal standard. Materials: The study was carried out on 60 cadavers of different age groups age ranging from 11 to 70 years. Thyroid glands were collected from unclaimed dead bodies autopsied in Forensic Medicine Department of Mymensingh Medical College. Methods: The collected specimens were divided into age group A (upto 18 years), group B (18 to 45 years), group C (above45 years). All specimens were examined morphologically by fine dissection method. Result: In the present study isthmus was present in 41 (68.33%) cases. In those thyroids which were devoid of isthmus, lobes were found to be merged with each other in the midline but in one case two lobes were found completely separated from each other. It was evident that the posterior relations of isthmus were widely variable. In only 18% cases it was found at its usual position-against the 2nd, 3rd and 4th tracheal rings. In the present study more frequent location of isthmus was found at 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 2nd, 3rd, 4th tracheal rings. In both cases their incidences were 18.3%. Conclusion: The present study will help to increase the information pool on the anatomy of thyroid gland of Bangladeshi people. To establish a normal standard for Bangladeshi people, further studies with large samples from different zones of the country are suggested.
    08/2011; 9(1). DOI:10.3329/bja.v9i1.8144
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    ABSTRACT: This cross sectional descriptive study was carried out to determine the length, breadth & thickness of isthmus of thyroid gland of Bangladeshi people. To fulfill this aim sixty postmortem tissue blocks containing thyroid gland and its neighbouring structures were collected by convenience sampling technique from 48 male and 12 female cadavers of different age groups, age ranging from 11 to 70 years and fixed and preserved in 10% formol-saline solution. Specimens were collected from dead bodies autopsied on different dates from October'2004 to February'2005 at the autopsy laboratory of Forensic Medicine Department of Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh, Bangladesh. Gross and fine dissection was carried out to study the length, breadth and thickness of isthmus of thyroid gland. In the present study, observed findings were compared with those of Western and Bangladeshi researchers. It was seen that the mean±SD lengths of isthmus were 10.42±7.49 mm, 10.17±5.70 mm and 9.33±6.64) mm in Group A(upto 18 years), B(19 to 45 years) and C(>45 years) respectively. Highest length (30mm) was observed in Group A and lowest length (2mm) was observed in Group C. Variance analysis showed that there was no significant difference in mean length between the age groups (F=0.086, p=0.918). The mean±SD values of breadth were 13.66±5.06 mm, 14±5.41 mm and 12.27±3.97 mm in Group A, B and C respectively. In the ranges, there was much overlapping among the groups. In Group B breadth of the isthmus was greater than other age groups. But these differences were statistically not significant, where F=0.430 & p=0.654. It was interesting to note that in this study the mean breadth of isthmus was significantly greater than the mean length (where, t=-2.727 and p=0.01). In the present study the mean±SD thickness of the isthmus of thyroid glands were 4.91±1.78 mm, 4.72±2.68 mm and 4.45±1.36 mm in three age groups respectively & the thickness of isthmus of thyroid gland was also greater in Group B than other two groups. But the variance analysis reveals that, there was insignificant difference in the thickness (F=0.133, p=0.876) of isthmus of thyroid gland among different age groups.
    Mymensingh Medical Journal 07/2011; 20(3):366-70.
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    ABSTRACT: A record based descriptive type of study was carried out among the under-graduate students of Mymensingh Medical College from the session 1966-67 to 2006-07. The academic years were divided into four decades and admission was followed into three categories such as retained, cancellation and drop-out. Total number of the students was 5892. Among them 3848(65.30%) were male and 2044(34.69%) were female. Out of 5892 students drop-out was 282(4.78%) and admission cancel was 304(5.15%). It was also found that drop-out in male was 232(6.02%) and in female was 50(2.44%) and admission cancel in male was 266(5.87%) and in female was 78(3.81%). The difference was found statistically significant (p<0.001). It was observed that gradually the drop-out and admission cancel rate is decreasing from the very beginning to till now. It was also observed that all drop-out and admission cancellation were in first & second year students. There was no continuation of their class roll numbers in third year registration.
    Mymensingh Medical Journal 04/2011; 20(2):197-200.
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    ABSTRACT: Context: The thyroid is a brownish red, highly vascular earliest endocrine glandular structure appears in mammal. The size of thyroid gland varies considerably with age, sex, physiologic state, race and geographical location. It is larger and heavier in females than in males, and it hypertrophies during menstruation and pregnancy. So this study is to carry out the macroscopic architecture of thyroid gland of different age groups in Bangladeshi people to establish a normal standard. Methods: The collected specimens were divided into age group A (20 years and below), group B (21 to 50 years) and group C (above 50 years). All specimens were examined morphologically by fine dissection method. Result: The mean weight and volume of the thyroid gland was 13.27 ± 5.82 gm and 11.62 ± 4.76 ml respectively which are significant (p<0.01). Conclusion: From observation and results it reached conclusion that evidenced by weight and volume, the size and glandular structure gradually increase with age up to adolescence, remain stable in young and middle aged adult then slowly decline in old age. The present study will help to increase the information pool on the anatomy of thyroid gland of Bangladeshi people. To establish a normal standard for Bangladeshi people, further studies with large samples from different zones including goitre endemic zones of the country are suggested.
    02/2011; 8(2). DOI:10.3329/bja.v8i2.7020
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    ABSTRACT: This cross sectional descriptive study was performed by examining 30 (thirty) relatively fresh cerebellum. Out of them 20 postmortem human cerebellum collected from Bangladeshi cadavers of both sexes (male 10 and female 10) age ranging from 5 to 60 years and 10 cerebellums from caesarian section of dead fetuses of both sexes (male 6 and female 4) age ranging from 34 weeks to 41 weeks. Specimen containing cerebellum was collected from dead bodies autopsied on different dates from April'2009 to September'2009 at the autopsy laboratory of department of Forensic Medicine and Gynaecology and Obstetrics of Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh. Samples were collected by using nonprobability sampling technique. The collected sample was grouped in to three age groups like Group A (34 to 41 weeks of gestation), Group B (5 to 30 years) and Group C (31 to 60 years) and two sex groups (male and female). Ten cerebellums were studied from each age group for this histological study. Sections were processed following standard histological procedure and were stained with Hematoxylin and Eosin stain. Slides were examined under 15X40 magnifications and measurement of vertical and transverse diameter of the cell body were taken with the help of ocular micrometer. In this study, the mean difference of mean vertical and transverse diameter of Purkinje cell body between Groups A & B and Groups A & C was statistically highly significant (p<0.001) but differences between Groups B & C was statistically significant only in case of transverse diameter.
    Mymensingh Medical Journal 10/2010; 19(4):504-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Since the advent of screening of calcium and imaging techniques (CT and MRI), hyperparathyroidism has been detected with increasing frequency. Although in the past, most patients present with severe bone and renal diseases, a large number of patients are asymptomatic. Number of parathyroid glands and their ectopic locations in individuals are the problem of its management. Parathyroid adenoma or hyperplasia may be a part of Multiple Endocrine neoplasia type II. This is the story of a boy of 18 years who had got admitted in the department of Otolaryngology, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital with the complaints of a neck swelling, abdominal discomfort, inability to walk, frequency of micturation for almost same duration of 1 year. After search, hypercalcaemia, bilateral renal stone, raised parathormone level and enlarged one parathyroid gland in lower pole of left thyroid lobe was identified. Clinically it was diagnosed as parathyroid adenoma which was proved histologically after surgical excision. Many controversies still exist regarding the treatment policy of parathyroid adenoma.
    Mymensingh Medical Journal 10/2010; 19(4):622-6.
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    ABSTRACT: The larynx is an organ of respiration and phonation. Larynx or Voice box is well developed in humans. The sound made by a human being using the vocal folds for talking, singing, laughing, crying, screaming etc. Pitch of the sound depends on the length, tension and mass of the vocal folds. This cross sectional descriptive type of study was done to see the length of the vocal folds and to establish the difference between sexes of adult Bangladeshi people. A total of 29 human larynges of adult age group ranging from 17 to 60 years in the both sexes were collected by purposive sampling during routine postmortem examination at the autopsy laboratory of Department of Forensic Medicine of Mymensingh Medical College, from October 2008 to March 2009. The mean length of vocal fold was measured and significance differences of the dimension between male and female were observed. In the present study observed finding was compared with those of other researchers. In male the mean(+/-SD) length of vocal fold was 23.12(+/-4.06) mm. In female the mean(+/-SD) length of vocal fold was 18.50(+/-2.39) mm. In statistical analysis, difference between male and female values was calculated by using Students (Unpaired) 't' test. The present study revealed that the value was greater in male than in female group and this difference was statistically significant (p<0.01).
    Mymensingh Medical Journal 04/2010; 19(2):173-5.
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    ABSTRACT: This cross sectional descriptive study was done to see the length of the right & left fallopian tube in Bangladeshi female and to increase the knowledge regarding variational anatomy in our country. Sixty post mortem specimens containing uterus, uterine tube, ureter and surrounding structures were collected by non random or purposive sampling technique from cadavers of different age groups and fixed in 10% formol saline solution. This study was carried out in the department of Anatomy of Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh from July 2006 to June 2007. Gross and fine dissection was carried out to study the length of fallopian tube (right & left). In this study our findings were compared with those of the standard text books. Maximum length of fallopian tube was found in middle age group (B = 13 to 45 years). It is about 9.19 cm in right side and 8.82 cm in left side. It is also important to note that more kinking was observed in middle age group.
    Mymensingh Medical Journal 01/2010; 19(1):37-40.
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    ABSTRACT: The study was done to see the incidence of levator glandulae thyroidea including its association with pyramidal lobe and its morphological variation regarding its craniocaudal attachment in Bangladeshi people. Sixty postmortem tissue blocks containing thyroid gland and its neighbouring structures were collected from 48 male and 12 female cadavers of different age groups and fixed in 10% formol-saline solution. Gross and fine dissection was carried out to study the incidence of levator glandulae thyroidea, its attachment and its association with pyramidal lobe. In the present study, observed findings were compared with those of Western and Bangladeshi researchers. It was evident that, in the present study, in 43.33% cases levator glandulae thyroidea was present. Among them 84.65% was associated with the pyramidal lobe and in all of these cases it extended from the apex of the pyramidal lobe to hyoid bone. In most of the cases (92%) of this study the levator glandulae thyroideae were cranially found to attach with hyoid bone. Only four muscles those were not associated with pyramidal lobe arise from isthmus. Two of them cranially attached with hyoid bone and remaining two levator glandulae thyroideae cranially was found to be attached with the corresponding oblique line of thyroid cartilage.
    Mymensingh Medical Journal 08/2009; 18(2):179-83.
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    ABSTRACT: Spleen is one of the secondary or peripheral lymphoid organs along with cecal tonsils in birds. The growth of the spleen of Gallus Domesticus (deshi chicken) from prenatal embryonic day fifteen (ED15) to postnatal day ninety (D90) were studied. In macroscopic study it was found that the shape of the spleen was rounded with slightly flattened from side to side at its middle part at prenatal period (ED15, ED18) and becomes rounded at postnatal stages of the deshi chicken (D90). Regarding position it lies close to the right side of the junction between proventriculus and gizzard and was similar in prenatal and postnatal stages. The result of the present study revealed that the mean diameter and weight of the spleen in deshi chicken gradually increases with increase of age, which were 2.00+/-0.136mm and 0.007+/-0.00gm respectively at ED15 stage and it reaches upto 10.40+/-0.331mm and .303+/-0.004gm respectively at day 90 (D90). It was observed that the differences of diameter & weight of the spleen between different ages were statistically significant (p<0.01). Histologically the spleen was surrounded by thin capsule in prenatal life, which gradually becomes thicker in postnatal life. The splenic pulps were not differentiated into white and red pulp on 15th day of embryonic life (ED15) but they were gradually differentiated into white and red pulp in the late prenatal (ED18) and postnatal period. The growth and development of spleen at each stage of the study period were found to be significantly high. Present study indicates that chicken splenic cell population, structure and function were similar to human spleen histologically. It was also found that the chicken embryo allows easy experimental access to all the stages of the splenic development, so the present study will be helpful for experimentation on lymphoid organs and to understand pathophysiology of immunological diseases of human.
    Mymensingh Medical Journal 08/2009; 18(2):169-74.

Publication Stats

31 Citations
1.01 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2007
    • Dhaka Medical College
      Mujib City, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    • Mymensingh Medical College
      • Department of Anatomy
      Mymensing, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    • Community Based Medical College
      Mymensing, Dhaka, Bangladesh