ABSTRACT: An efficient procedure for the cryopreservation of fish blastomeres followed by restoration through germ-line chimera formation was established. Blastomeres of the loach (Misgurnus anguillicaudatus) were cryopreserved in 250-µL straws in Eagle's minimum essential medium with various concentrations of dimethyl-sulfoxide (0, 5, 10, 15, and 20%), and the best concentration was combined with glycerol (1, 2, and 4%) and external cryoprotectants (1 or 2% sucrose; 2, 5, or 10% fetal bovine serum; 1 or 2% BSA). Postthaw viability of the blastomeres was used to optimize cryopreservation conditions. Donor blastomeres were injected with zebrafish green fluorescence protein-nos1 3' untranslated region mRNA and biotin dextran before cryopreservation in the optimal freeze medium. Host embryos were injected with zebrafish DsRed-nos1 3' untranslated region mRNA and reared to the blastula stage. Donor blastomeres were thawed at 25 °C for 10 s and transplanted to the host embryos either immediately or after incubation for 16 h at 20 °C. Donor and host primordial germ cell migration was visualized with fluorescent imaging during the early stages of embryogenesis, and also by histology in 4-d-old embryos. Transplantation of blastomeres immediately after thawing gave decreased hatching rates (approximately 3%) and generated a smaller percentage of germ-line chimeras (approximately 1.1%). In contrast, incubation of a cryopreserved sample for 16 h followed by transplantation of the green fluorescence protein-positive blastomeres improved the hatching rate to 90%, and successfully produced presumable germ-line chimeras at a rate of 16.5%. The improved survival rates and germ-line chimerism may be an effective method for gene banking and subsequent reconstitution of endangered fish genotypes.
Journal of Animal Science 03/2011; 89(8):2380-8. · 2.10 Impact Factor