Rüdiger P Laubender

Technische Universität München, München, Bavaria, Germany

Are you Rüdiger P Laubender?

Claim your profile

Publications (90)338.93 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of different KRAS mutations on the inhibitory potential of afatinib and gefitinib in SW48 colorectal cancer cells. The influence of afatinib/gefitinib on cell viability and cell cycle was evaluated in isogenic SW48 KRAS wild-type/mutant cells. Protein levels of phosphorylated/total EGFR, HER-2, HER-3, ERK, and AKT were compared between treated/untreated samples using western blotting. The activity of both afatinib and gefitinib was the lowest in KRAS G12C/G12S/G12D and the highest in G13D/G12A mutant subtypes. A 50% decrease in cell viability was achieved at concentrations of 3.0-7.7 μmol/l for afatinib and 5.4-19.5 μmol/l for gefitinib. The effect of both drugs on apoptosis appeared to be stronger than their influence on proliferation and was generally less pronounced in mutant cells than in wild-type cells. The average number of apoptotic cells after treatment with afatinib was 2.6 times as high as the corresponding value following treatment with gefitinib (P<0.01). Levels of pEGFR, pHER-2, pERK, and pAKT were reduced more extensively by afatinib than by gefitinib (P<0.001). Some KRAS mutations (G12C/G12S/G12D) appear to weaken the activity of afatinib and gefitinib whereas others seem to increase sensitivity to treatment (G13D/G12A) compared with the parental clone (KRAS wild-type). In SW48 colorectal cancer cells, afatinib seems to be more potent than gefitinib because of its superior efficacy in inhibiting both EGFR and HER-2, suppressing signaling along both MEK/ERK and PI3K/AKT pathways to a greater extent.
    Anti-cancer drugs. 12/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The present prospective single-center study investigated the prognostic role of novel serum biomarkers in advanced pancreatic cancer (PC). Patients (pts) with locally advanced or metastatic PC treated with first-line palliative chemotherapy were included. Among others, the serum markers CYFRA 21-1, haptoglobin, serum-amyloid A (SAA), and 25-OH vitamin D3 were determined at baseline and categorized by pre-defined cut-offs [median values (MV), upper limits of normal (ULN), lower limits of normal (LLN), or the natural logarithm (ln)] and correlated with overall survival (OS). Among the 59 pts included, pre-treatment CYFRA 21-1 levels showed a strong correlation with OS independent of the applied cut-off (MV 4.9 ng/ml-14.2 vs. 4.2 months, HR 0.18, p = 0.001; ULN 3.3 ng/ml-14.2 vs. 4.4 months, HR 0.28, p = 0.003; [ln] CYFRA 21-1-HR 0.77, p = 0.013). Lower values of haptoglobin were additionally associated with an improvement in OS (categorized by LLN of 2.05 g/l-10.4 vs. 5.5 months, HR 0.46, p = 0.023; [ln] haptoglobin-HR 0.51, p = 0.036). Pts with baseline SAA values below the MV of 22 mg/l also had a prolonged OS (10.4 vs. 5.0 months, HR 0.47, p = 0.036). For 25-OH vitamin D3 levels, no significant correlation with OS was found. In multivariate analyses, pre-treatment CYFRA 21-1 levels (categorized by MV-HR 0.15, p = 0.032) as well as [ln] haptoglobin (HR 0.30, p = 0.006) retained their independent prognostic significance for OS. CYFRA 21-1, haptoglobin, and SAA might provide useful prognostic information in advanced PC. An external multicenter validation of these results is necessary.
    Tumour biology : the journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine. 12/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Conclusion: The length of the cochlea can be determined with good precision using a 3D-curved multiplanar reconstruction analysis technique and linear reconstruction of the cochlea. The method is not time-consuming and can be applied during clinical routine. Objective: A preoperative prediction of the best cochlear implant electrode length can help reduce the risk of intraoperative cochlear trauma in patients who need to retain residual acoustic hearing for electric-acoustic stimulation or in patients with anatomical anomalies or malformations. The goal of this study was to evaluate the accuracy and reliability of length measurement of the cochlea after linear reconstruction using 3D-curved multiplanar reconstrucion analysis of high resolution computed tomography (CT) scans. Methods: Human cadaveric temporal bone specimens underwent cochlear implantation using custom-made electrodes with two radiopaque markers of a defined length before CTscans were made. Length measurement was performed by four readers and the results were compared to the true value. Inter-reader reliability was calculated. The time needed for analysis was recorded. Results: The mean time needed for analysis of one specimen’s radiologic data was 6.1 (± 3.4) min. The mean deviation of the length measurement from the true value was 0.8 (± 0.7) mm. Inter-reader reliability was excellent (0.76, p = 0.006).
    Acta Oto-laryngologica. 09/2014; 134(10).
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The role of pERK, pAKT and p53 as biomarkers in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer has not yet been defined.
    BMC Cancer 08/2014; 14(1):624. · 3.33 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), radiological imaging represents the current standard to evaluate the efficacy of chemotherapy. However, with growing knowledge about tumor biology, other diagnostic tools become of interest which can supplement radiology. The aim of the present study was to examine the correlation of tumor and serum markers with radiological imaging in patients with mCRC receiving first-line therapy. Patients were included if tumor (carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA 19-9)) and serum marker (lactatdehydrogenase (LDH), γ-glutamyltransferase (γGT), alkaline phosphatase (AP), C-reactive protein (CRP), leucocyte count (WBC), hemoglobin (Hb)) levels were available at baseline and at least two times during treatment. The decline and increase of tumor and serum markers over time were approximated for each patient by estimating slopes depending on the radiological assessment. A linear mixed effects multiple regression model for each subject was used to evaluate the intra-class correlation of these slopes modeling tumor and serum marker changes with radiological imaging. Data of 124 patients (41 female, 83 male; median age 62.9 years, range 27-85) who received first-line chemotherapy for mCRC from 11/2007 to 04/2010 were analyzed retrospectively. CEA level slopes (n = 49; slopes = 102) differed between radiologically determined progressive disease (PD) and partial response (PR) (p = 0.005) and between PD and stable disease (SD) (p = 0.042). CA 19-9 level slopes (n = 57; slopes = 127) also showed a significant difference between PD and PR (p = 0.002) and PD and SD (p = 0.058). Furthermore, CRP slopes (n = 62; slopes = 134) differed significantly between PD and PR (p = 0.009). For LDH, ALP, γGT, Hb, and WBC, no correlations were observed. The results indicate the correlation of the tumor markers CEA, CA 19-9, and the serum marker CRP with radiological imaging in patients with mCRC receiving first-line chemotherapy. Further data analyses would be helpful to develop a predictive model for tumor response based on an early tumor marker increase or decrease.
    Tumour biology : the journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine. 07/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose. To evaluate progression-free survival (PFS), overall response rate (ORR) and disease control rate (DCR) as potential surrogate endpoints (SEP) for overall survival (OS) in second-line treatment for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Methods. A systematic literature search of randomised trials of second-line chemotherapy for mCRC reported from January 2000 to July 2013 was performed. Correlation coefficients weighted by number of patients in the treatment arms between median PFS, ORR and DCR with median OS were estimated. Results. Twenty-three trials reflecting 10 800 patients met the inclusion criteria. Median PFS and OS across all trials were 4.5 months and 11.5 months and median ORR and DCR were 11.4% and 65%, respectively. PFS showed moderate correlation with OS [RPFS = 0.73; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.61-0.82]. In contrast, ORR only weakly correlated with OS (RORR = 0.58; 95% CI 0.38-0.72, n = 22). Despite a small number of studies (n = 10) reporting on DCR, moderate correlation with OS was observed (RDCR = 0.74; 95% CI 0.56-0.86). Conclusion. Based on the available trial-level data, PFS may serve as an appropriate SEP in second-line chemotherapy for mCRC. A small number of studies revealed moderate correlation of DCR with OS that justifies further investigation.
    Acta oncologica (Stockholm, Sweden) 07/2014; · 2.27 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objectives To evaluate the agreement between tumour volume derived from semiautomated volumetry (SaV) and tumor volume defined by spherical volume using longest lesion diameter (LD) according to Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) or ellipsoid volume using LD and longest orthogonal diameter (LOD) according to World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. Materials and methods Twenty patients with metastatic colorectal cancer from the CIOX trial were included. A total of 151 target lesions were defined by baseline computed tomography and followed until disease progression. All assessments were performed by a single reader. A variance component model was used to compare the three volume versions. Results There was a significant difference between the SaV and RECIST-based tumour volumes. The same model showed no significant difference between the SaV and WHO-based volumes. Scatter plots showed that the RECIST-based volumes overestimate lesion volume. The agreement between the SaV and WHO-based relative changes in tumour volume, evaluated by intraclass correlation, showed nearly perfect agreement. Conclusions Estimating the volume of metastatic lesions using both the LD and LOD (WHO) is more accurate than those based on LD only (RECIST), which overestimates lesion volume. The good agreement between the SaV and WHO-based relative changes in tumour volume enables a reasonable approximation of three-dimensional tumour burden. Key Points • Tumour response in patients undergoing chemotherapy is assessed using CT images • Measurements are based on RECIST (unidimensional)-based or WHO (bidimensional)-based criteria • We calculated tumour volume from bidimensional target lesion measurements • This formula provides good tumour volume approximation, based on semiautomated volumetry
    European Radiology 07/2014; 24(7). · 4.34 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The role of human equilibrative nucleoside transporter 1 (hENT1) as a predictive biomarker for gemcitabine efficacy in advanced pancreatic cancer remains unclear to date.
    European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990) 05/2014; · 4.12 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: PurposeWe aimed to analyse malignancy rates and predictors for the development of malignancies in a large German inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) cohort treated with thiopurines and/or anti-tumour necrosis factor (TNF) antibodies.Methods De novo malignancies in 666 thiopurine-treated and/or anti-TNF-treated IBD patients were analysed. Patients (n = 262) were treated with thiopurines alone and never exposed to anti-TNF antibodies (TP group). In addition, patients (n = 404) were exposed to anti-TNF antibodies (TNF+ group) with no (7.4%), discontinued (80.4%) or continued (12.1%) thiopurine therapy.ResultsIn the TP group, 20 malignancies were observed in 18 patients compared with 8 malignancies in 7 patients in the TNF+ group (hazard ratio 4.15; 95% CI 1.82–9.44; p = 0.0007; univariate Cox regression). Moreover, 18.2% of all patients in the TP group ≥50 years of age developed a malignancy, compared with 3.8% of all patients <50 years of age (p = 0.0008). In the TNF+ group, 6.5% of all patients ≥50 years of age developed malignancies compared with 0.3% of all patients <50 years of age (p = 0.0007). In both groups combined, thiopurine treatment duration ≥4 years was associated with the risk for skin cancer (p = 0.0024) and lymphoma (p = 0.0005).Conclusions Our data demonstrate an increased risk for the development of malignancies in IBD patients treated with thiopurines in comparison with patients treated with anti-TNF antibodies with or without thiopurines. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety 04/2014; · 2.90 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aims: We investigated the impact of the diameter of the valvuloplasty balloon (VB) used for predilation before transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) on atrioventricular block formation with consecutive need for permanent pacemaker (PP) implantation. Methods and results: TAVI was performed in 269 consecutive patients using the CoreValve prosthesis (Medtronic) via transfemoral access under local anaesthesia with mild analgesic medication. After exclusion of 32 patients with previously implanted PP, 237 patients were included in a retrospective analysis of the impact of VB size on subsequent PP incidence. Implantation success rate was 99.3%. Periprocedural mortality was 0%, and 30-day mortality was 5.9%. PP implantation after TAVI was required by 21.1%. Of 114 patients treated by 25 mm balloon valvuloplasty, a PP was implanted in 27.1%. In 123 patients, who were treated by VB with a ≤23 mm diameter, the PP implantation rate decreased to 15.4% (p=0.04). In univariate analysis, larger VB size resulted in a greater prevalence of PP implantation after TAVI. After adjustment by multivariate analysis for baseline clinical and operative characteristics, VB size remained an independent predictor of PP implantation. Conclusions: Moderate balloon predilation in patients undergoing TAVI with the Medtronic CoreValve prosthesis reduces the PP rate without affecting procedural success.
    EuroIntervention: journal of EuroPCR in collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology 02/2014; 9(10):1151-7. · 3.17 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background The role of human equilibrative nucleoside transporter 1 (hENT1) as a predictive biomarker for gemcitabine efficacy in advanced pancreatic cancer remains unclear to date. Patients and methods AIO-PK0104 was a German multicenter phase III trial comparing gemcitabine/erlotinib followed by capecitabine (GEC) with capecitabine/erlotinib followed by gemcitabine (CEG) in advanced pancreatic cancer. Archival tumour tissue from 169 of the 274 eligible study patients was available for a central and standardised immunohistochemistry staining for hENT1 expression using the SP120 rabbit monoclonal anti-hENT1 antibody. Within a retrospective translational subgroup analysis, biomarker data were correlated with efficacy end-points. Results Thirty-nine out of 130 fresh-cut slides were scored as hENT1high (30%), whereas 91 samples were classified as hENT1low (70%). For the 62 patients randomised to CEG median overall survival was estimated with 6.4 months in the hENT1low compared to 6.9 months in the hENT1high subgroup (Hazard Ratio (HR) 0.88, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.48–1.61, p = 0.67). For the 68 patients randomised to GEC survival was 5.7 months in the hENT1low compared to 4.4 months in the hENT1high subgroup (HR 1.16, 95% CI 0.69–1.96, p = 0.57). In 101 patients receiving gemcitabine at any time during study treatment (either within the 1st- or 2nd-line setting) hENT1low cases had a median overall survival of 7.5 months and hENT1high patients an overall survival of 4.4 months (HR 1.30, 95% CI 0.84–2.03, p = 0.24), respectively. Conclusion Within this subgroup analysis from Arbeitsgemeinschaft Internistische Onkologie-pancreatic cancer (AIO-PK0104), no evidence supporting the use of hENT1 as a predictive biomarker for gemcitabine efficacy in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer was found.
    European Journal of Cancer. 01/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The effects of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and endogenous cannabinoids (endocannabinoids, ECs) are both mediated by activation of the cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2. Exogenous activation of these receptors by THC could therefore alter EC levels. We tested this hypothesis in healthy volunteers (n = 25) who received a large intravenous dose of THC (0.10 mg/kg). Effects on the EC system were quantified by serial measurements of plasma ECs after THC administration. Eleven blood samples were drawn during the first 5 h after THC administration and two more samples after 24 and 48 h. THC, its metabolites THC-OH (biologically active) and THC-COOH (non-active), and the ECs anandamide and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) were quantified by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. EC-plasma levels showed a biphasic response after THC injection reaching maximal values at 30 min. Anandamide increased slightly from 0.58 ± 0.21 ng/ml at baseline to 0.64 ± 0.24 ng/ml (p < 0.05) and 2-AG from 7.60 ± 4.30 ng/ml to 9.50 ± 5.90 ng/ml (p < 0.05). After reaching maximal concentrations, EC plasma levels decreased markedly to a nadir of 300 min after THC administration (to 0.32 ± 0.15 ng/ml for anandamide and to 5.50 ± 3.01 ng/ml for 2-AG, p < 0.05). EC plasma concentrations returned to near baseline levels until 48 h after the experiment. THC (0.76 ± 0.16 ng/ml) and THC-OH (0.36 ± 0.17 ng/ml) were still measurable at 24 h and remained detectible until 48 h after THC administration. Although the underlying mechanism is not clear, high doses of intravenous THC appear to influence endogenous cannabinoid concentrations and presumably EC-signalling. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Drug Testing and Analysis 01/2014; 6(1-2):17-23. · 3.17 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Isolated human primary hepatocytes are an essential in vitro model for basic and clinical research. For successful application as a model, isolated hepatocytes need to have a good viability and be available in sufficient yield. Therefore, this study aims to identify donor characteristics, intra-operative factors, tissue processing and cell isolation parameters that affect the viability and yield of human hepatocytes. Remnant liver pieces from tissue designated as surgical waste were collected from 1034 donors with informed consent. Human hepatocytes were isolated by a two-step collagenase perfusion technique with modifications and hepatocyte yield and viability were subsequently determined. The accompanying patient data was collected and entered into a database. Univariate analyses found that the viability and the yield of hepatocytes were affected by many of the variables examined. Multivariate analyses were then carried out to confirm the factors that have a significant relationship with the viability and the yield. It was found that the viability of hepatocytes was significantly decreased by the presence of fibrosis, liver fat and with increasing gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase activity and bilirubin content. Yield was significantly decreased by the presence of liver fat, septal fibrosis, with increasing aspartate aminotransferase activity, cold ischemia times and weight of perfused liver. However, yield was significantly increased by chemotherapy treatment. In conclusion, this study determined the variables that have a significant effect on the viability and the yield of isolated human hepatocytes. These variables have been used to generate an algorithm that can calculate projected viability and yield of isolated human hepatocytes. In this way, projected viability can be determined even before isolation of hepatocytes, so that donors that result in high viability and yield can be identified. Further, if the viability and yield of the isolated hepatocytes is lower than expected, this will highlight a methodological problem that can be addressed.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(10):e107567. · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Pancreas 01/2014; 43(1):150-2. · 2.95 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose The purpose of this study was to investigate intracranial pressure and associated hemo- and hydrodynamic parameters in patients with cerebral arteriovenous malformations AVMs. Methods Thirty consecutive patients with arteriovenous malformations (median age 38.7 years, 27/30 previously treated with radiosurgery) and 30 age- and gender-matched healthy controls were investigated on a 3.0 Tesla MR scanner. Nidus volume was quantified on dynamic MR angiography. Total arterial cerebral blood flow (tCBF), venous outflow as well as aqueductal and craniospinal stroke volumes were obtained using velocity-encoded cine-phase contrast MRI. Intracranial volume change during the cardiac cycle was calculated and intracranial pressure (ICP) was derived from systolic intracranial volume change (ICVC) and pulse pressure gradient. Results TCBF was significantly higher in AVM patients as compared to healthy controls (median 799 vs. 692 mL/min, p = 0.007). There was a trend for venous flow to be increased in both the ipsilateral internal jugular vein (IJV, 282 vs. 225 mL/min, p = 0.16), and in the contralateral IJV (322 vs. 285 mL/min, p = 0.09), but not in secondary veins. There was no significant difference in median ICP between AVM patients and control subjects (6.9 vs. 8.6 mmHg, p = 0.30) and ICP did not correlate with nidus volume in AVM patients (ρ=-0.06, p = 0.74). There was a significant positive correlation between tCBF and craniospinal CSF stroke volume (ρ=0.69, p = 0.02). Conclusions The elevated cerebral blood flow in patients with AVMs is drained through an increased flow in IJVs but not secondary veins. ICP is maintained within ranges of normal and does not correlate with nidus volume.
    European Journal of Radiology. 01/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: To analyze the clinical efficacy of (90)Y radioembolization in liver metastases from pancreatic cancer, to describe treatment toxicities and to identify biomarkers as predictors of outcome. Methods: Data from 19 pancreatic cancer patients (9 females/10 males) who had received (90)Y radioembolization for metastatic liver disease between 06/2004 and 01/2011 were analyzed retrospectively. Results: The median age at (90)Y radioembolization was 63 years (range 43-77). In 16 patients, previous palliative gemcitabine-based chemotherapy was given for metastatic disease. Objective response in the liver after (90)Y radioembolization was 47%. Median local progression-free survival in the liver was 3.4 months (range 0.9-45.0). Median overall survival (OS) was 9.0 months (range 0.9-53.0) and 1-year survival was 24%. Cox regression models for baseline biomarkers at (90)Y radioembolization revealed correlations of increased carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (p = 0.02) and C-reactive protein (p = 0.03) with shorter OS. Short-term adverse events (nausea, vomiting, fatigue, fever and abdominal pain) did not exceed grade 3. As long-term adverse events, liver abscesses, gastroduodenal ulceration, cholestasis and cholangitis, ascites and spleen infarction were observed. Conclusion: (90)Y radioembolization is able to induce an encouraging local response rate of liver metastases of pancreatic cancer patients. Most short-term toxicities are manageable; however, patients should be followed up carefully for severe long-term toxicities. © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Oncology 12/2013; 86(1):24-32. · 2.17 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of midgut versus hindgut as the primary tumor site in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) receiving chemotherapy with FuFIRI or mIROX. We analyzed 423 patients from a phase III trial that randomized patients in a 1 : 1 fashion to either FuFIRI or mIROX. The cohort was grouped into midgut (n=82) and hindgut (n=341) primary tumors. The primary tumor site (midgut vs. hindgut) was correlated with parameters of treatment efficacy and survival. Our cohort comprised 82 patients presenting with primary midgut tumors and 341 with primary hindgut tumors. Tumors of midgut origin compared with hindgut origin were associated with inferior outcome. Objective response rate was 37 versus 43% (P=0.34), median progression-free survival was 6.0 versus 8.2 months (P=0.024, hazard ratio: 0.75), and median overall survival was 13.6 versus 21.8 months (P=0.001, hazard ratio: 0.65). Patients with midgut mCRC showed a clear trend toward inferior outcome in both study arms. However, the effect appeared less pronounced in the mIROX arm. Further datasets from large trials with various regimens are required as confirmation.
    Anti-cancer drugs 11/2013; · 2.23 Impact Factor
  • Ulrich R Mansmann, Rüdiger P Laubender
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 10/2013; · 18.04 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The 60 day mortality is an established parameter for chemotherapy-related safety in randomised trials for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Prognostic factors associated with 60-day mortality would be helpful to identify high-risk patients in advance. Individual baseline patient data from four randomised, controlled trials from the Arbeitsgemeinschaft Internistische Onkologie (AIO) study group were retrospectively analysed. Chemotherapy consisted of fluoropyrimidine (5-FU/capecitabine), irinotecan, oxaliplatin with or without bevacizumab or cetuximab. Prognostic factors were identified by univariate and multivariate logistic regression models in two cohorts: one limited to ECOG PS 0 and 1 and one including ECOG PS 2 patients. A total of 1377 patients were evaluated. The analysis of ECOG PS 0, 1 and 2 patients consisted of 898 patients where a total of 33 deaths within the first 60 days of treatment (3.7%) occurred. In multivariate analysis, 60-day mortality was significantly associated with ECOG PS 2 and high leucocyte count (white blood cell, WBC). Odds ratio was 6.28 for WBC and 12.92 for ECOG PS 2. Exclusion of ECOG PS 2 patients but inclusion of one trial limited to ECOG PS 0 and 1 patients resulted in 1302 assessable patients and 44 early deaths (3.4%). In both cohorts, around 50% of deaths were disease related. WBC was confirmed as a significant risk factor for early death (OR 7.60). A combined score using ECOG PS 2 and WBC ≥8.000/µl is able to identify high-risk patients with a sensitivity of 18% and specificity of 98%. In this large retrospective analysis of individual patient data, around 50% of early deaths were disease related. Elevated WBC was found strongly associated with increased 60-day mortality in first-line treatment of mCRC. The proposed AIO-60-Day-Mortality score serves as an additional trial exclusion criterion.
    Annals of Oncology 10/2013; · 7.38 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background:Liver-limited disease (LLD) denotes a specific subgroup of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients.Patients and Methods:A total of 479 patients with unresectable mCRC from an irinotecan-based randomised phase III trial were evaluated. Patients with LLD and non-LLD and hepatic resection were differentiated. Based on baseline patient characteristic, prognostic factors for hepatic resection were evaluated. Furthermore, prognostic factors for median overall survival (OS) were estimated via Cox regression in LLD patients.Results:Secondary liver resection was performed in 38 out of 479 patients (resection rate: 7.9%). Prognostic factors for hepatic resection were LLD, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), node-negative primary, alkaline phosphatase (AP) and Karnofsky performance status (PS). Median OS was significantly increased after hepatic resection (48 months), whereas OS in LLD (17 months) and non-LLD (19 months) was comparable in non-resected patients. With the inapplicability of Koehne's risk classification in LLD patients, a new score based on only the independent prognostic factors LDH and white blood cell (WBC) provided markedly improved information on the outcome.Conclusion:Patients undergoing hepatic resection showed favourable long-term survival, whereas non-resected LLD patients and non-LLD patients did not differ with regard to progression-free survival and OS. The LDH levels and WBC count were confirmed as prognostic factors and provide a useful and simple score for OS-related risk stratification also in LLD.British Journal of Cancer advance online publication, 20 August 2013; doi:10.1038/bjc.2013.475 www.bjcancer.com.
    British Journal of Cancer 08/2013; · 5.08 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

476 Citations
338.93 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013
    • Technische Universität München
      • Institute of Radiology
      München, Bavaria, Germany
  • 2009–2013
    • Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich
      • • Department of Internal Medicine II
      • • Department of Clinical Radiology
      München, Bavaria, Germany
  • 2012
    • Universität Heidelberg
      Heidelburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany